Effectively Reaching out to People with Disabilities  by Understanding the Wounds Caused by Society

Effectively Reaching out to People with Disabilities by Understanding the Wounds Caused by Society PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Social Role Valorization. Based upon work by Dr. Wolf WolfensbergerGrew out of

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Effectively Reaching out to People with Disabilities by Understanding the Wounds Caused by Society

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1. Effectively Reaching out to People with Disabilities by Understanding the Wounds Caused by Society Jeff & Kathi McNair California Baptist University

2. Social Role Valorization Based upon work by Dr. Wolf Wolfensberger Grew out of “Normalization” Applies to people who have been devalued, particularly people with disabilities

3. “Collective unconsciousness can be so vast that even the most global societal policies may be undeclared, unexplicated, unacknowledged, and even denied. Thus for many people to all work toward a bad thing requires no deliberate or conscious conspiracy. While this is well-known by social scientists, most citizens are not aware of how they themselves can be totally unconsciously acting out undeclared, large-scale, societal policies in their own daily lives.” Wolfensberger, 2007

4. 4 action thrusts (Wolfensberger) 1. Prevention of devaluation and resultant wounds

5. 4 action thrusts (Wolfensberger) 1. Prevention of devaluation and resultant wounds 2. Reversal of devaluation and the negative effects of past wounds

6. 4 action thrusts (Wolfensberger) 1. Prevention of devaluation and resultant wounds 2. Reversal of devaluation and the negative effects of past wounds 3. Minimization of devaluation and of wounding

7. 4 action thrusts (Wolfensberger) 1. Prevention of devaluation and resultant wounds 2. Reversal of devaluation and the negative effects of past wounds 3. Minimization of devaluation and of wounding 4. Compensating for continuing devaluation and wounding

8. 18 Wounds Using Wolfensberger’s wounding categories, let us consider how a person with down’s syndrome experiences each of the various wounds inflicted by society.

9. Wolfensberger’s wound categories Wound 1: Bodily impairment Wound 2: Functional impairment

10. Wolfensberger’s wound categories Wound 1: Bodily impairment Wound 2: Functional impairment Resulting in… Wound 3: Relegation to low social status, considered deviant

11. Wolfensberger’s wound categories Wound 4: Attitude of rejection from those not facing same challenge of disability Wound 5: Placed into one or more historic deviancy roles

12. Deviancy Roles Non-human (pre-human, no longer human, sub human) Menace or object of dread Waste material garbage, discard Trivium, not taken seriously, object of ridicule Object of pity, “suffering” or victim Charity recipient Child, eternally, once again Sick or diseased “medicalization of daily life” Death related roles, dying, already dead, as good as dead, should be dead, should never have lived

13. Wolfensberger’s wound categories Wound 6: Symbolic stigmatizing, "marking" Wound 7: Being multiply jeopardized or scapegoated…blaming the victim Wound 8: Distancing from other people, usually through segregation or congregation

14. Wolfensberger’s wound categories Wound 9: Absence or loss of natural, freely given relationships & substitution with artificial/boughten ones Wound 10: Loss of control over one’s own life, one’s autonomy & freedom Wound 11: Discontinuity with the physical environment and objects "physical discontinuation"

15. Wolfensberger’s wound categories Wound 12: Social and relationship discontinuity & even abandonment Wound 13: Deindividualization "mortification" reducing humanness Wound 14: Involuntary material poverty, material/financial exploitation

16. Wolfensberger’s wound categories Wound 15: Impoverishment of experiences typical of the “valued world” Wound 16: Exclusion from knowledge and participation in higher-order value systems (eg. religion) that give meaning and direction to life and provide community

17. Wolfensberger’s wound categories Wound 17: Having one's life "wasted“ ...mindsets contributing to life wasting Wound 18: Being the object of brutalization, killing thoughts & deathmaking

18. 4 action thrusts 1. Prevention of devaluation and resultant wounds 2. Reversal of devaluation and the negative effects of past wounds 3. Minimization of devaluation and of wounding 4. Compensating for continuing devaluation and wounding

19. Thank you! Thank you for your attention For more information visit http://www.socialrolevalorization.com/

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