Actual developments in history teaching in latvia
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Actual developments in history teaching in Latvia. Tallinn, October 24, 2011 Dzintra Liepina, HTA of Latvia. Hierarchy of Regulatory Documents for teaching History in Republic of Latvia. Educational levels where history is being taught. Basic education (7-16 years old).

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Actual developments in history teaching in Latvia

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Actual developments in history teaching in latvia

Actual developments in history teaching in Latvia

Tallinn, October 24, 2011

Dzintra Liepina, HTA of Latvia


Hierarchy of regulatory documents for teaching history in republic of latvia

Hierarchy of Regulatory Documents for teaching History in Republic of Latvia


Educational levels where history is being taught

Educational levels where history is being taught


Basic education 7 16 years old

Basic education (7-16 years old)

General Secondary education (17-19 years old)


Basic education

Basic Education

Process of dividing the history course into separatesubjects „World history” and „History of Latvia”.


What were the reasons

What were the reasons?

  • Different expectations in society about the development of the state after regaining the independence (national state like in 1920-s, 1930-s or modern democracy?)

  • Different collective memories in society

  • Low level of trust in state establishments

  • Political preassure from nationally oriented political groups


What were the reasons1

What were the reasons?

  • Manipulations with collective memory as a part of politics in Latvia, especially before the elections

  • Fear of losing the national identity in EU and disappointment in part of society (even history teachers) with EU liberal initiatives to teach more about minorities, migrants, integration of society

  • Lack of the well-considered discussion between academic historians, society and history teachers about historical past and the aims of history teaching


What were the reasons2

What were the reasons?

  • October 22, 2004- conference “Latvian history: an episode or the nation's roots?”- decision that there has been too little attention paid to the history of Latvia at schools and teaching is not good enough

  • 2006- group of historians and scientists publicly declare that history of Latvia should be the separate subject in schools.


26 10 2005 all for latvia rally at the ministry of education and science

26.10, 2005- All for Latvia rally at the Ministry of Education and Science


Foreign minister s letter to the minister of education and science

Foreign Minister’s letter to the Minister of Education and Science

  • On 27 October 2005, the Latvian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Artis Pabriks, sent a letter to the Minister of Education and Science, Ina Druviete, asking that more attention be paid to the teaching of Latvia's history at schools.

    In the letter, Foreign Minister wrote that the issue of teaching history was extensively discussed at the session of the Board of the World Federation of Free Latvians (WFFL) and also during his meeting with the members of the WFFL Board.

    Mr Pabriks writes, "I agree with the WFFL Board's opinion that is difficult to request our countrymen living abroad as well as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to explain Latvia's history, when our own schools do not teach it thoroughly.”

  • http ://www.am.gov.lv/en/news/press-releases/2005/October/27-4/


Reaction of the ministry of science and education

Reaction of the Ministry of Science and Education

  • November 2005- the Order of the Minister of Education and Science about teaching history of Latvia as separate subject

  • January 12, 2006 the Order of the Minister of Education about implementation of piloting of subject “History of Latvia” from school year 2006/2007

  • Developing the new subject standards

  • School years 2006/2007- 2008/2009 as piloting of new subjects (History of Latvia and World History) in 40 schools in Latvia voluntary


Reaction of hta of latvia

Reaction of HTA of Latvia

  • Discussing problems in history teaching, reacting in mass media (majority of members were against dividing subject, but there were also some teachers who agreed with idea of separation)

  • Little support in society and also from Universities

  • Meetings in Ministery of Education, finally- taking part in remodeling of the first version of the new standard


Results of state test in history in 2009 published by the state education content centre

Results of state test in history in 2009 published by theState Education Content Centre

Red colour- schools taking part in piloting, green- the other schools


Conclusions after the piloting separated history subjects

Conclusions after the piloting separated history subjects

History of Latviaas a separate subject doesn’t improve or worsen achievements of students. The results of piloting show that the separatedsubject teaching does not improve students' knowledge and skills.


From newspapers

From newspapers

  • The people are waiting for Latvian history in schools 2006/07/01, Latvijas Avīze

  • Parliamentary commission: teaching history of Latvia as subject in schools would improve the low level of population’s history knowledge 2008/04/15, BNS

  • The national self-esteem issues include the Latvian History Teaching (http://news.lv/Latvijas_Avize/2010/01/23/)


Actual developments in history teaching in latvia

  • From 1 September 2011 in Latvian schools will have a new subject – “History of Latvia”, which will be taught from grade 6. This was announced today, April 27, after meeting with Prime Minister ValdisDombrovskis (“Unity”), told reporters the president of Latvia ValdisZatlers. “On September 1, Latvia’s history will be studied as a separate subject. This is what was waiting for society,” – said the president.

    (April 27, 2011)


What do we have now

What do we have now?


Aim of the subject

History of Latvia

World History

  • improvement of students’ understanding about the underlying trends of human development, promoting the development of students identity and promoting the growth of responsible and tolerant member of the democratic society of Latvia

  • to develop the understanding of underlying trends of human development, promoting the development of European identity and promoting development of responsible and tolerant member of the democratic society of European Union

Aim of the subject


Objectives creating the opportunity for student to

History of Latvia

World History

  • gain knowledge about historical development and historical causality in the closest neighborhood, Latvia and Baltic region from Prehistory to the present day

  • acquire and develop skills in using different types of historical sources and understanding the nature of historical sources

  • gain knowledge about the European and World history and historical causality fromPrehistory to the Present day

  • acquire and develop skills in using different types of historical sources and understanding the nature of historical sources

Objectives: creating the opportunity for student to


Objectives creating the opportunity for student to1

History of Latvia

History of Latvia

World History

  • gain experience of working in rapidly changing modern society , interpreting historical events in Latvia, Baltic region, Europe and World in independent, critical and constructive way

  • promote a sense of belonging to the Latvian state and patriotism

  • gain experience of working in rapidly changing modern society, interpreting historical events in Europe and World in independent, critical and constructive way

Objectives: creating the opportunity for student to


Main problem the content planning and balance grade 6

History of Latvia: 35 lessons per year

World history: 35 lessons per year

  • Myself and my family history (14%)

  • Myself and the local history (14%)

  • Myself and history of Latvia (44%)

  • Prehistory on territory of Latvia (28%)

  • Prehistory (14%)

  • Ancient East- characteristics of civilization and cultural heritage (20%)

  • Classical Society and its achievements(37%)

  • Arab culture and Islam, the Arab Caliphate (6%)

  • Europe during the Early Middle ages (17%)

  • Formationand strengthening of the Christian Church (6%)

Main problem- the content planning and balance (grade 6 )


The benefits

The benefits

First time after the regaining the independence history teaching has so significant financial support from the state- 150 000 LVL (213 431 EUR) for implementation of subject History of Latvia


The benefits1

The benefits

Most of the money (125 000 LVL or 177859 EUR) goes for the purchase of textbooks for teaching history of Latvia


The benefits2

The benefits

  • Teacher training courses

  • Recommendationsfor teaching History of Latviaand examples of lessons

  • Digitalmethodological material with historical imagesand maps


General secondary education

General Secondary education

  • Integrated history course- History of Latvia and World

  • New standard in 2009/2010 school year


Aim of the subject1

Aim of the subject

  • encourage the development of multilateral identity of learner as the member of democratic and civil society,exploring Latvian, European and world historical processes


Objectives creating the opportunity for student to2

Objectives: creating the opportunity for student to

  • be aware of the importance of historical knowledge in understanding of the past and choice of alternatives for personal and social development

  • supplement the knowledge and understanding of the most important Latvian, European and world history events, causal processes


Objectives creating the opportunity for student to3

Objectives: creating the opportunity for student to

  • deepen the knowledge and understanding of the historical development of Latvian statehood;

  • develop analytical and synthetic skills of analyzing the the historical sources of information, in order to assess the historical developments and the relationship between past and presentindependently and in reasonable way


Literature

Literature

  • http://www.vvc.gov.lv/advantagecms/LV/tulkojumi/index.html

  • http://zagarins.net/jg/jg263/JG263_Austers.htm

  • http://szf.lu.lv/files/petnieciba/publikacijas/Velesanas_violeta.pdf

  • http://www.am.gov.lv/en/news/press-releases/2005/October/27-4/

  • http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=150407&from=off

  • http://visc.gov.lv/


Actual developments in history teaching in latvia

Thank you!


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