The vote formula resource allocation methodology
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The Vote Formula: Resource Allocation Methodology. Planning Division April 2011. Resource allocation. We will be covering: The resource allocation process Provide an overview of the College’s resource allocation model called the Vote Formula. The resource allocation process.

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The vote formula resource allocation methodology

The Vote Formula: Resource Allocation Methodology

Planning Division

April 2011


Resource allocation

Resource allocation

  • We will be covering:

    • The resource allocation process

    • Provide an overview of the College’s resource allocation model called the Vote Formula


The resource allocation process

The resource allocation process

  • Resource allocation takes place from January to March (or earlier if there is more to discuss) and is overseen by the Resource Allocation Committee (RAC)

  • The RAC is responsible for the methodology (Vote Formula) used in allocating general recurrent funding to the faculties and Business School

  • The RAC reports to the Management Board, its membership in 2010-11 is:

    • Chairman, Deputy Rector

    • Principals (Faculty and Business School)

    • COO, Director of Planning, Director of Finance, College Secretary


The resource allocation process1

The resource allocation process

  • The RAC usually meet three to four times each year, although it can meet more often if needed

  • A few days before the RAC meetings members of the Planning Division meet with the FFOs and FOOs

  • The final Vote Formula allocations, as proposed by RAC, are presented to the Management Board in March for approval


What is the vote formula

What is the Vote Formula?

  • The College’s main mechanism for distributing general funds to the faculties (and the Business School)

  • Most (but not all) income from HEFCE and from fees that the College receives is distributed to faculties through the Gross Vote Formula

  • Some of that resource is retrieved through the Infrastructure Charge mechanism to fund the College’s non-academic departments


Resource allocation general objectives

Resource allocation: General Objectives

  • EQUITY in the distribution of HEFCE grant and tuition fees

  • INCENTIVES to change behaviour to further the strategic objectives of the College

  • Financial STABILITY


Why a formula

Why a formula?

  • Principally:

  • Based on performance, not influence

  • Also:

  • Is relatively transparent

  • Provides gearing with HEFCE’s formula, but takes College circumstances into account

  • “Formula reflects but does not mimic HEFCE’s formula”

  • Allows organic change in academic profile

  • Can be used as a planning tool


Disadvantages of a formula

Disadvantages of a formula

  • Data are historic; a time lag is inbuilt so faculties that are expanding are restrained and those that are contracting are buffered

  • Difficult to take special factors into account

  • Danger of lack of transparency if becomes too complicated over time

  • Strategic direction of College must be mediated through formula; strategic initiatives and new academic activities have to be provided for in other ways


Overview of the vote formula

Overview of the Vote Formula

  • The Management Board (in February each year) determines the total amounts to be distributed to faculties and non-academic departments

  • These two together form the Gross Vote Pot


Overview of the vote formula1

Overview of the Vote Formula

  • Firstly, four items are allocated directly to faculties from the Gross Vote Pot:

  • HEFCE funding for charity funded research (c stream)

  • HEFCE funding for strategically important and vulnerable subjects (s stream)

  • 100% premium element (premium fee less the standard fee) (p)

  • 25% standard overseas fees (o)


Overview of the vote formula2

Overview of the Vote Formula

  • The remaining Gross Vote Pot is then divided into two portions, one for Teaching (T) and one for Research (R)

  • This division is done using the R:T ratio which is calculated as a rolling three year average of the College’s income from HEFCE and fees, less the directly allocated items


Overview of the vote formula3

Overview of the Vote Formula

  • Gross Vote Pot

  • (funds Faculties

  • and non-academic departments)


Overview of the vote formula4

Overview of the Vote Formula

R

Items directly allocated to faculties

The remainder is split into a Research (R) pot and a Teaching (T) pot:

T


Overview of the vote formula5

Overview of the Vote Formula

R

T

Items directly allocated to faculties

Infrastructure charge


Overview of the vote formula6

Overview of the Vote Formula

Net Vote to faculties (includes directly allocated items)

Faculties

Infrastructure charge

Non-academic

departments


The vote formula the gross vote

The Vote Formula: The Gross Vote

  • Formulae are used to distribute each of the six streams of the Gross Vote Pot between the Faculties (and the Business School).

  • All the resource that is available is allocated to the Faculties in the Gross Vote allocations. Then some of it is retrieved through the Infrastructure Charge mechanism.

Four directly allocated items

(s, c, p, o)

R

T


The vote formula the gross vote1

The Vote Formula: The Gross Vote

  • In both the R and T formulas:

  • Volume measures are used to determine the activity occurring in departments/faculties

  • Weightings are applied to each stream of volumes to affect the relative importance of the various streams


The t vote volume measures

The T Vote: Volume Measures

  • The T formula uses STUDENT LOAD data for its volume measures

  • Student load is used rather than student registrations to reflect the fact that various departments/faculties may contribute to a student’s teaching

  • Student load information is collected annually through the Student Load Exercise


The t vote weightings

The T Vote: Weightings

  • Weightings are applied to the volumes in relation to:

  • Type of student

  • (Undergraduate or Postgraduate Taught)

  • Type of teaching

  • (own, service or exported)

  • Subject matter

  • (clinical medicine, lab-based, maths, other)


The r vote volume measures

The R Vote: Volume Measures

  • R volume is measured through the following

  • streams:

  • FTE of 2008 RAE-active staff (Category A)

  • Postgraduate Research (PGR) Student Load FTE

  • Staff expenditure on all research grants and contracts


The r vote weightings

The R Vote: Weightings

  • Weightings are applied to the volumes in relation to:

  • Performance in the 2008 RAE

  • Subject matter of teaching for Research students

  • (clinical medicine or lab-based, maths, other)


The vote formula the c s streams

The Vote Formula: the C & S streams

  • C stream

  • As UK Charity sponsors do not usually pay full economic costs, HEFCE receives funds from the UK government to pass on to HEIs to support charity research.

  • These funds are mapped from UoAs to the most appropriate faculties. Resource is passed directly to the faculties in what is referred to as the c stream.

  • S stream

  • HEFCE provides extra funding in relation to certain science subjects. This is passed on to the relevant faculties.


The vote formula overseas fees

The Vote Formula: Overseas fees

  • Faculties receive 25% of the appropriate full standard overseas fee for each overseas student, a year in arrears.

  • Overseas students are also funded through the gross T or R vote, at the same rates as Home/EU students.


The vote formula premium fees

The Vote Formula: Premium Fees

  • Some faculties charge fees that are higher than the standard College fee for a particular type of course. These are referred to as premium fees.

  • The premium fee element is the margin between the actual (premium) fee level and the College standard fee for a course.

  • Faculties receive 100% of the premium fee element, one year in arrears.


The vote formula premium fees and overseas fees

The Vote Formula: Premium Fees and Overseas Fees

  • Example: UG Y1 Overseas student on Aeronautics course

£1,000

(Premium fee)

Faculty of Engineering

O/S fees element

£5,187.50

(25% of £20,750)

£21,750

Remainder £15,562.50

(75% of £20,750)

GROSS POT


The vote formula the gross vote2

The Vote Formula: The Gross Vote

  • So now, each of the six streams in the Gross Vote has been divided up across the Faculties (and the Business School).

  • Next, the Infrastructure Charge is applied to retrieve resource to fund the non-academic departments.

Four directly allocated items

(s, c, p, o)

R

T


The vote formula infrastructure charge

The Vote Formula: Infrastructure Charge

  • Recovers cost of non-academic departments

  • Total amount is decided annually by the Management Board

  • Divided into streams related to three main types of activity:

    • Student load FTEs stream

    • Staff FTEs stream

    • Space sqm stream

  • Resource Allocation Committee (RAC) decides how much of the total Infrastructure Charge amount should be distributed against each volume stream


The vote formula infrastructure charge1

The Vote Formula: Infrastructure charge

Infrastructure Charge

Infrastructure Charge


The vote formula infrastructure charge2

Student Load

33.3%

Staff

33.3%

Space

33.3%

6%

The Vote Formula: Infrastructure Charge


The vote formula infrastructure charge3

The Vote Formula: Infrastructure Charge

Student Load

33.3%

Staff

33.3%

Space

33.3%

ENGINEERING

MEDICINE

NATURAL SCIENCES

BUSINESS SCHOOL

24%

37%

37%

26%

48%

24%

31%

32%

32%

30%

24%

29%

8%

3%

2%


The vote formula infrastructure charge4

The Vote Formula: Infrastructure Charge

33%

ENGINEERING

MEDICINE

NATURAL SCIENCES

BUSINESS SCHOOL

35%

28%

4%


The vote formula conclusion

The Vote Formula Conclusion

  • Each Faculty (and the Business School) receives a Net Vote allocation

  • This consists of its share of the Gross Vote

  • Gross Vote = T + R + c + s + o + p

  • less its share of the Infrastructure Charge (InfCh)

  • Net Vote = Gross Vote – Infrastructure Charge


Outside the vote formula

Outside the Vote Formula

  • In addition to formulaic allocations, the Resource Allocation Committee may also distribute additional resource alongside the Net Vote allocations.

  • Other sources of income to the Faculties include:

  • Research Income including Overheads and fEC income

  • Resource from HEFCE earmarked for specific purposes

  • Allocations from SIF


The vote formula

The Vote Formula

  • Questions and Discussion


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