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3. Kingdom Fungi multicellular eukaryotic Nutrients from absorbing foods decompose dead organisms; do NOT perform photosynthesis do not move Ex: mushrooms, puff balls; yeast, molds. 1. 2. 4. Kingdom Plantae multicellular eukaryotic autotrophs/photosynthetic. 3.

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3. Kingdom Fungi

multicellular

eukaryotic

Nutrients from absorbing foods decompose dead organisms;

do NOT perform photosynthesis

do not move

Ex: mushrooms, puff balls; yeast, molds

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4. Kingdom Plantae

multicellular

eukaryotic

autotrophs/photosynthetic

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5. Kingdom Animalia (1.5 million in category)

multicellular

eukaryotic

Nutrients obtained from ingestion heterotrophs

have organelles including a nucleus, but no chloroplasts or cell walls

they move

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a) invertebrates – no backbone

97% of all animal species

Ex: worms, insects, spiders, mollusks

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b) vertebrates (3% in animalia)– backbone

Ex: snakes, turtles, frogs, humans

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C. Aquatic Life

Organisms within the river are classified by:

Structure

how they obtain their food

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Dominate river organisms:

1. Algae - autotrophs

**since algae makes its own food it is considered the base of many food chains.

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Algae
Algae

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3. Animal like Protists – eat sediments containing bacteria

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Insects
Insects worms in the substrate

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Mollusks
Mollusks worms in the substrate

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Worms
Worms worms in the substrate

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most feed on algae and plants worms in the substrate

Therefore, PRIMARY consumers

a) grazers – grazes on algae; Ex: snails

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b. shredders – shreds and eats plant material, such as tree leaves

Ex: stone flies, crane fly

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c. Collectors – eat the crumbs from the shredders; gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly

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5. Insects gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly

adults – three body parts

  • Head

  • thoracic region (legs and wings are jointed )

  • abdomen (organ location)

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Metamorphosis – gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly change of insect from egg to an adult

2 types:

* incomplete metamorphosis - ENA

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gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly Eggs

● Nymph

- some look like the adult

- molts

sheds exoskeleton

- develops directly into the

adult

- no cocoon

- no wings , can’t reproduce

● Adult

- wings; mates; return to lay eggs

-main purpose is to reproduce

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examples: gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly

damsel fly

dragonfly

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grasshopper gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly


* complete metamorphosis (ELPA) gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly

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* gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly complete metamorphosis (ELPA)

● Eggs

● Larva

- soft bodies

- look nothing like the adult

● Pupa (cocoon)

- inactive, not feeding

● Adult

  • emerges from cocoon to mate

  • – wings

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Ex monarch butterfly
Ex: Monarch Butterfly gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly


6. Vertebrates gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly

a. Amphibians:

smooth moist skin

must use water for reproduction

no claws on feet

breath through skin and lungs

Ex: frogs, toads, newts, salamanders

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Salamanders frogs newts toads
Salamanders, Frogs, Newts & Toads gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly

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b. Reptiles gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly

dry scaly skin

if feet will have claws

lay eggs for reproduction

lungs

Ex: snakes, lizards, turtles

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c. fish gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly

some primary consumers of algae

some are strictly predators

d. Birds

e. Mammals

hair, fur, nourish young with milk

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d. Birds gathers or filters from water Ex: clam, caddis fly

e. Mammals

hair, fur, nourish young with milk

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