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The Great Depression (1929-1939)

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The Great Depression - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Great Depression (1929-1939). I) The Market Crashes. Oct. 24, 1929 the NYSE had the greatest one day loss in history. A) The unregulated market allowed people & banks to buy on “margin” B) Increasing gap between rich and poor C) High US tariffs discourage international trade

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i the market crashes
I) The Market Crashes
  • Oct. 24, 1929 the NYSE had the greatest one day loss in history.
  • A) The unregulated market allowed people & banks to buy on “margin”
  • B) Increasing gap between rich and poor
  • C) High US tariffs discourage international trade
  • D) Massive overproduction caused a collapse in prices.
ii crash leads to depression
II) Crash leads to Depression
  • A) Most banks had invested in the stock market with low reserve requirements
  • B) Collapse of US economy leads to collapse in world economy
iii the damage is done
III) The Damage is done
  • A) Unemployment & Poverty skyrocket
  • B) Deflation drops wages and increases debt.
  • C) No capital to invest
  • D) No demand to sustain businesses (The Downward Spiral)
iv economics affects politics
IV) Economics affects Politics
  • A) Huey Long begins “share the wealth” program
  • B) Charles Coughlin criticizes Roosevelt for not going far enough.
  • C) Communist Party membership increases
  • D) Democracies crumble all over Europe (Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal)
v relief reform recovery
V) Relief, Reform & Recovery
  • A) FDIC insures all bank accounts
  • B) SEC & FTC regulate stock market
  • C) Social Security helps seniors
  • D) NLRB created to negotiate between labor and business
  • E) WWII creates demand for munitions. Pulls us out of Great Depression
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