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Learning Network on Capacity Development LenCD FORUM Addressing the Paris Declaration Collective Responsibility for Capacity Development: What Works, and What Doesn’t? Working Group 4 (Oct. 3 rd ): Pursuing Joint Approaches to CD at the National Level.

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Learning Network on Capacity Development

LenCD FORUM

Addressing the Paris Declaration

Collective Responsibility for Capacity Development:

What Works, and What Doesn’t?

Working Group 4 (Oct. 3rd):

Pursuing Joint Approaches to CD at the National Level

Joint Approaches to CD – Lessons Learnt and Way Forward in Ghana

Mr. Ernest Prempeh- Ministry of Finance and Econ. Planning, Ghana

Mr. Kristian Lempa - GTZ Revenue Mobilization Support, Ghana


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Structure

1. The New TA Approach

2. Ghana 2006 Survey: Results

3. Best Practice: PPME

4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward


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Structure

1. The New TA Approach

2. Ghana 2006 Survey: Results

3. Best Practice: PPME

4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward


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1. The New TA Approach

Definition Problems:

  • Capacity Development

  • Harmonized TC


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1.A. Definition: CD

Differentiation:

Capacity building: a process starting with a plain surface and involving the step-by-step erection of a new structure, based on preconceived designs

Capacity Development: a process whereby people, organizations & society as a whole unleash, strengthen, create, adapt & maintain already existing capacity over time


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1.A. Definition: CD

  • More than Human Resources and Institution Building:

    Capacity –

    “the ability to perform functions, solve problems, and set and achieve objectives” (UNDP 2002)


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1.A. Definition: CD

  • More than Human Resources and Institution Building:

    Capacity Development –

    “(…) the process of strengthening the abilities or capacities of individuals, organisations and societies to make effective and efficient use of resources, in order to achieve their own goals on a sustainable basis.” (GTZ 2003)


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Support Partners’ National Dev. Strategies

PC Leadership

Integration into Country Led Programmes

Coordination of Multiple Donor Contributions

1.B. Definition: Harmonized TC


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1.B. Definition: Harmonized TC

Harmonized TC

According to PD


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1. The New TC Approach

High Standards Necessary:

  • Holistic Understanding of CD

  • Comprehensive Approach to Harmonized TC


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1. The New TA Approach: SWAPs/PBAs

Alignment – Needs Driven Approach

(to Support PC dev. Priorities)

DPs

Holistic CD

SWAp/PBA

PC

able to deliver

PRS

Harmonization

(to minimize transaction costs for PC and Maximize Aid Predictability)

Ownership

(to Support PC dev. Priorities)



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Structure

1. The New TA Approach

2. Ghana 2006 Survey: Results

3. Best Practice: PPME

4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward


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Ghana 2006 Survey: Results

Indicator 4: Strengthen Capacity by Coordinated Support:

  • How much TC did you provide in FY 2005?

  • → Qd3. (USD): $ 153.248.315

  • How much TC did you provide through coordinated programmes in support of CD in FY 2005?

  • → Qd.4 (USD): $ 67.333.779

Indicator 4: Qd.4/Qd.3 = 40% (target: 50%)


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Ghana 2006 Survey: Results

  • Good Practices were Identified within the Framework of Programme Based Approaches (Health SWAp, Road Sector etc.)

  • Bulk of TA Remains Uncoordinated


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Ghana 2006 Survey: Results

  • Some Donors Consider their TA to be Coordinated Because of the Consultations with GoG. However this is not in line with the definition of the Survey.

  • 6 out of 16 Donors Reported “0” Coordination

  • More Information is Required to Analyze the Coordinated TA


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Structure

1. The New TC Approach

2. Ghana 2006 Survey: Results

3. Best Practice: PPME

4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward


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3. Best Practice: PPMEPublic Procurement in Ghana: Figures

  • accounts for up to 80 % of total government expenditure (non staff emoluments)

    → ODA/National Budget (excl. Grants): 42 % (in 2004)

  • 18 % of GDP (Africa: estimated 9-13 %)

    → in 2005: US$ 1.8 Bill.

  • 70 % of Imports

    → in 2005: US$ 3.8 Bill

→ Aid Effectiveness and V4M!


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PC Procurement System

3. Best Practice: PPME

3. Alignment – Funding through PC PS in Accordance to NDS

DPs

2. Holistic CD

4. Services

5. V4M

1. Harmonization at Global Level

Ownership

PRS


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3. Best Practice: PPME

1996:PUFMARP

2002: OECD/DAC-WB ROUNDTABLE

2003: Public Procurement Act 663

2003: Country Procurement Assessment Report

2003: Ghana/Swiss Partnership for Transparency and Accountability in Public Procurement


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3. Best Practice: PPME

PPME - Harmonization at the Global Level:

  • Funding From Swiss Government

  • WB Baseline Indicator System + Swiss Performance Criteria

  • Pooled Idea – Output Agreed on Global Level (RTs)

  • → Development of a Framework for Procurement Assessment as Globally Coordinated CD


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3. Best Practice: PPME

Overall Effects:

  • More V4M

  • Increased reliance on NPS

    → Therefore: Increased PC Ownership

  • Development Results


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PC Procurement System

3. Best Practice: PPME

Alignment

PC

able to deliver

DPs

SWAp/PBA

Development

Harmonization

Ownership

PRS


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Structure

1. The New TA Approach

2. Ghana 2006 Survey: Results

3. Best Practice: PPME

4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward


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4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward

  • CD Central for SWAPs/PBAs

    → Alignment to NDS

    → Ability of PC “to deliver”

    CD as prerequisite for SWAPs/PBAs


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4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward

  • Commitment and Leadership of PC Government Mandatory for SWAp/PBA

    → Ownership – PC Priorities!

  • Therefore: CD to Facilitate Ownership

    → Interdependency of OS and Capacity


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+

+

+

+

+

+

4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward: Interdependency of Ownership and Capacity

CD

Ownership

Capacity

Aid Effectiveness


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4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward: Interdependency of Ownership and Capacity

But: CD Kick Start Might be Necessary (e.g. WB: PCA 663) –

Ownership Dilemma?


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4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward: Procurement: a Special Case

  • CD in Procurement “Win-Win” Situation

    → Value for Money for DP and PC

    → Positive Motivational Structure

    → Development Results

    THEREFORE: “AID EFFECTIVESS”


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4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward: Procurement: a Special Case

  • NPS as sample case of Ownership

    → should therefore increase comfort level for DPs to administer ODA through NPS

    → DPs can support similar ventures e.g. FM, M&E, MfDR


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3. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward

It’s all About Capacity!


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4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward

Way Forward in Other Sectors:

  • Joint Technical Assistance

  • Sector Strategy TA

  • TA Pool


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Lessons Learnt and Way ForwardJoint Technical Assistance

  • A formal agreement of two or more donors to implement a project with the approval of government or/and partner organizations

  • Directly linked to a country led sector strategy or programme


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Lessons Learnt and Way ForwardSector Strategy TA

  • Government and DPs Commit to Following a Specific Sector Strategy (With Indicators and Time Frames)

  • PC’s Government has no Direct Access to the Funds for TC


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Lessons Learnt and Way ForwardTA Pool

  • GMTA Pool

  • → PC’s Government Manages the Funds

  • DMTA Pool

  • → Donors or Donor Secretariat Manages the Funds on Behalf of PC’s government


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Lessons Learnt and Way ForwardTA Pool

PC Prefers Financial Contributions Instead of in Kind Funding


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Stand Alone Programmes

4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward

+

PC

Ownership

TAP

SSTA

JTA

+

Donor Harmonization


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4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward

  • In 2005 Ghana Received 316 Donor Missions, only 33% of them were Coordinated (Indic. 10a Target: 40%)

  • → e.g. Canada: 57 Missions – 1 Coordinated

  • GoG does not Have a System of Recording the Totality of the Visiting Missions

  • → CD + Harmonization


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Aid Effectiveness

+

4. Lessons Learnt and Way Forward

+

PC

Ownership

TAP

SSTA

JTA

+

Donor Harmonization


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Lessons Learnt and Way ForwardConcluding Remarks

Coordination of TC is no Guarantee for Performance, Development, Impact and Sustainability

Capacity is not a One Stop Shop


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Learning Network on Capacity Development

LenCD FORUM

Addressing the Paris Declaration

Collective Responsibility for Capacity Development:

What Works, and What Doesn’t?

Working Group 4 (Oct. 3rd):

Pursuing Joint Approaches to CD at the National Level

Thank you very much for your attention!

Mr. Ernest Prempeh - Ministry of Finance and Econ. Planning, Ghana

Mr. Kristian Lempa - GTZ Revenue Mobilization Support, Ghana


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