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Earth-Sun System Division And The Vision for Space Exploration. Dick Fisher (right) Director (acting) Earth Sun Systems Division NASA HQ 19 Oct 2005. EARTH SUN SYSTEM DIVISION FLIGHT PROGRAMS SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE. Earth Systematic (ES). Living With a Star (LWS). Explorers.

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Earth-Sun System Division

And

The Vision for Space Exploration

Dick Fisher (right)

Director (acting) Earth Sun Systems Division

NASA HQ

19 Oct 2005


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EARTH SUN SYSTEM DIVISION FLIGHT PROGRAMS

SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE

Earth Systematic (ES)

Living With a Star (LWS)

Explorers

  • Solar Dynamics Observatory

  • Space Environment Testbeds

  • Radiation Belt Storm Probe

  • GALEX (SMEX-7) (U)

  • AIM (SMEX-9) (ESS)

  • Swift (Midex-3) (U)

  • THEMIS (Midex-5) (ESS)

  • WISE (Midex-6) (U)

  • TWINS (MO-2) (ESS)

  • CINDI (MO-3) (ESS)

  • ASTRO-E2 (MO-4) (U)

  • EUSO (MO-5) (U)

  • IBEX (SMEX-10) (ESS)

  • NuSTAR (SMEX-11) (U)

  • Glory

  • LDCM

  • GPM

  • NPP

  • Aura

  • Aqua

  • Terra

  • ICESat

  • SORCE

  • EOSDIS

Solar Terrestrial Probe (STP)

  • TIMED

  • Stereo

  • Solar B

  • MMS

Earth System Science Pathfinder (ESSP)

GOES

Focused Physical Oceanography

  • GOES-R

  • GOES N-P

  • CALIPSO

  • CloudSat

  • OCO

  • Aquarius

  • Hydros

  • OSTM

  • ACRIMSAT

  • Jason

POES

Focused Atmos. Science Mission

  • NOAA-N

  • NOAA-N’

5GO

  • Deep Space

    • Ulysses

    • Voyager I & II

  • L1

    • SOHO

    • ACE

  • Near Earth

    • TRACE

    • RHESSI

    • FAST

    • POLAR

    • WIND

    • IMAGE

    • CLUSTER

  • SAGE III

Decomission List

Suborbital

  • ERBS

  • UARS

  • Aircraft

  • UAV

  • Sounding Rocket


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Response of the Earth Sun System Division to new directions

For NASA

1. Craft a strategic Research Plan that achieves high priority national scientific goals and optimally supports the Vision for Exploration (ROADMAP)


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Sun-Solar System Connection Roadmap: Knowledge for Exploration

  • Explore the Sun-Earth system to understand the

  • Sun and its effects on

  • Earth,

  • the solar system,

  • the space environmental conditions that will be experienced by human explorers, and

  • demonstrate technologies that can improve future operational systems


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Approach to Identify Priority Science Targets Exploration

  • Predictive capability for safe and productive exploration requires full understanding of a complex system of disparate systems

  • Priority goals enable significant progress in three essential areas: Understanding, Exploration, and Discovery

  • For example, discovery of near-Sun processes by Solar Probe provides transformational knowledge of the source of space weather enabling explorers to work safely and productively beyond Earth's magnetic shield


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External and Internal Factors Exploration

  • We are poised to transform knowledge and provide predictive understanding of the SSSC system

  • Our technological society needs space weather knowledge to function efficiently

  • Human beings require space weatherpredictions to work safely and productively in space


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Nature of the Challenge Exploration

  • A quantitative, predictive understanding of a complex system of systems

  • Microphysical processes regulate global & interplanetary structures

  • Multi-constituent plasmasand complex photochemistry

  • Non-linear dynamic responses

  • Integration and synthesis of multi-point observations

  • Data assimilative models & theory

  • Interdisciplinary communities and tools

Solar CME engulfing the Earth: http://sun.stanford.edu/roadmap/NewZoom2.mov


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We Have Already Begun! Exploration

Space Storms at Earth

Disturbed Mars-Space & Atmospheric Loss

Dangerous Radiation

Space Storms at the Outer Planets

Disturbed Upper Atmosphere

Solar System Blast Wave

  • Current Sun-Earth missions provide a prototype “5th Great Observatory”, providing a first look at the system level view and informing the roadmap plan

  • Theory, modeling, and observational tools now exist or can be developed to yield both transformational knowledge of the Sun-Earth system and provide needed tools and space weather knowledge for human exploration and societal needs

  • The 5th Great Observatory must adapt as new questions and capabilities arise.


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Objectives Exploration

Agency Strategic Objective: Explore the Sun-Earth system to understand the Sun and its effects on the Earth, the solar system, and the space environmental conditions that will be experienced by human explorers, and demonstrate technologies that can improve future operational systems

Open the Frontier to Space Environment Prediction

Understand the fundamental physical processes of the space environment – from the Sun to Earth, to other planets, and beyond to the interstellar medium

Understand the Nature of Our Home in Space

Understand how human society, technological systems, and the habitability of planets are affected by solar variability and planetary magnetic fields

Safeguard Our Journeys

Maximize the safety and productivity of human and robotic explorers by developing the capability to predict the extreme and dynamic conditions in space


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From Goals to Implementation Exploration

Phase 1

Sun-Earth-Moon System

Characterization of System

Phase 2

Sun - Terrestrial Planets

Modeling of System Elements

Phase 3

Sun-Solar System

System Forecasting

Joint Sun-Earth Science

Forecast

Hazards

  • Predict solar, heliospheric & stellar activity

  • Physical models of important space weather processes

  • Forecast space weather for society & explorers

Model

Systems

Characterize

Environments

  • Sample interstellar medium

  • Measure near-Sun space environment

  • Drivers of climate and habitability

  • Inner heliosphere radiation & space weather forecasts

  • Magnetic reconnection

  • Impacts of solar variability on Earth & Mars

  • Atmospheric response to external drivers

Reliable Predictions for all Uses of Space

  • Particle acceleration processes

  • Drivers of cis-lunar space weather

Local Space Weather Forecasts for Operations

Space Weather Impacts on System Design

Informs Lunar Exploration Informs Extended Human Exploration Space Weather Operations

Crew Exploration Vehicle

Robotic Lunar Exploration

Human/Robotic

Lunar Surface Exploration

Extended Human Operations on

Lunar Surface

Human Exploration

Near Mars or other solar system locale

Human Exploration

of Mars or other solar system locale

Exploration

Systems

Timeline

2005 2015 2025 2035


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Sun-Solar System Mission Recommendations ExplorationCurrent Budget Lines

In Development

Recommended

New Initiative

Partnership

Flagship missions and partnerships:

Recommendation: Obtain additional resources and work with partners to implement these missions

Optimized program will require more resources …


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Response of the Earth Sun System Division to new directions Exploration

for NASA

1. Craft a strategic Research Plan that achieves high priority national scientific goals and optimally supports the Vision for Exploration (ROADMAP)

2. Develop and maintain a robust, serviceable space infrastructure .( PROGRAM ELEMENTS)


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Community Coordinated Modeling Center Exploration

  • Facilitates Community Research

  • Provides community use of TR&T models

  • Supports Transition to Space Weather

    • Operations


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Project Columbia Exploration


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Senior Review Scheduled for November 2005 Exploration

The 5 th Great Observatory


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External Partnerships Exploration

  • Partnership Forums:

  • International Living With a Star

  • International Heliophysical Year

  • Enabling Space Weather Predictions for the International Space Environment Service

  • National Space Weather Program

  • Future Partnership Missions:

    • Solar Orbiter (ESA)

  • Current Partnership Missions:

    • Ulysses (ESA)

    • SoHO (ESA)

    • Cluster (ESA)

    • Geotail (JAXA)

    • Solar-B (JAXA)

  • National Partners:

    • National Science Foundation

    • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

    • Department of Commerce

    • Department of Defense

    • Department of Transportation

    • Department of Energy

    • Department of the Interior


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Answering our science questions will sometimes require measurements at unique vantage points, within and outside the solar system

Cost-effective, high-∆V propulsion and deep space power

CRM-1: High energy power & propulsion—advanced RTGs

CRM-2: In-space transportation—solar sails

CRM-15: Nanotechnology—carbon nanotube membranes

Large area coverage and space-time ambiguity resolution require simultaneous in-situ measurements using clusters & constellations, combined with remote sensing (sensor webs);

Compact, affordable instruments & spacecraft; low-power hi-rad electronics

CRM-3: Advanced telescopes & observatories

Low-cost access to space (secondary payloads; sounding rockets)

CRM-10: Transformational spaceport

Return & ingest large data sets from throughout the solar system

Next-generation or follow on to Deep Space Network

CRM-5: Communication and Navigation

Visualize, analyze and model space plasmas

CRM-13: Advanced modeling/simulation/analysis

New measurement techniques – compact instrumentation, imagers

Next generation of Sun-Solar System instrumentation

CRM-3: Advanced telescopes and observatories

CRM-11: Scientific instruments & sensors

CRM-15: Nanotechnology

Technology Development


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Human Capital and Infrastructure measurements at unique vantage points, within and outside the solar system

So that we may develop/maintain U.S. space plasma and space weather prediction / mitigation expertise, it is vital to provide a broad range of competed funding opportunities for the scientific community

  • Science Investigations:

  • Solar Terrestrial Probes (STP)

  • Living with a Star (LWS)

  • Explorer Program

  • Discovery Program

  • Sun-Solar System Great Observatory

Enabling Capabilities:

Sounding Rocket/Balloon Program

Space Environment Testbeds (SET)

Advanced Technology Program

Education and Public Outreach

  • Research Programs:

  • Research and Analysis Grants

  • Guest Investigator

  • Theory Program

  • Targeted Research & Technology

  • Project Columbia

  • Develop IT, Computing, Modeling and Analysis Infrastructure

    • Virtual Observatories

  • Low Cost Access to Space

    • Science, Training, & Instrument Development

  • E/PO to Attract Workers to Earth-Sun Systems Science

  • Maintain Multiple Hardware & Modeling Groups

    • Strengthen University Involvement in Space Hardware Development

    • Facilitate and Exploit Partnerships

    • Interagency and International

  • Upgrade DSN to Collect More Data Throughout the Solar System


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Education and Public Outreach measurements at unique vantage points, within and outside the solar system

Education and Public Outreach is Essential to the Achievement of the Exploration Vision

  • Emphasis on workforce development

  • Requires increase in the capacity of our nation’s education systems (K-16)

  • Entrain under-represented communities in STEM careers (demographic projections to 2025 underscore this need)

  • Roadmap has focused on:

    • Close up look at the role national science education standards play in effectively connecting NASA content to formal education

    • Importance of E/PO to achievement of Exploration Vision

    • Identification of unique E/PO opportunities

    • Articulation of challenges and recommendations for effective E/PO


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    Response of the Earth Sun System Division to new directions measurements at unique vantage points, within and outside the solar system

    for NASA

    1. Craft a strategic Research Plan that achieves high priority national scientific goals and optimally supports the Vision for Exploration (ROADMAP)

    2. Develop and maintain a robust, serviceable space infrastructure .( PROGRAM ELEMENTS)

    3. Plan an excuitable series of fight missions (FLIGHT PROGRAM)


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    NASA Science Launches measurements at unique vantage points, within and outside the solar systemESSD MISSIONS (CY04-CY10)

     Deep Impact

     NOAA N

    GOES N

    ST-6

    CALIPSO

    CloudSat

     MRO

    TWINS-A

    CINDI

    Astro-E2

    SOFIA

    STEREO

    New

    Horizons

    DAWN

    ST-5

    THEMIS

    AIM

    NPP

    TWINS-B

    SOLAR B

    IBEX

    WISE

    ST-7

    ST-8

    SDO

    LRO

    OSTM

    GOES P

    Aquarius

    KEPLER

    PhoenixLander

    GLAST

    NOAA N’

    GOES O

    OCO

    Herschel

    Planck

    JUNO

     GP-B

     Messenger

     SWIFT

     Aura

     Rosetta

    LWS RBSP

    MSL

    MarsTelecom

    LunarLander

    ST-9

    Hydros

    GPM

    Airborne Msn

    Us Inst. On Foreign Msn

     Success  Failure

    Foreign Msn on US LV

    US Msn on US LV

    US Msn on DoD LV

    US Participation on Foreign Msn


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    NASA Science Launches measurements at unique vantage points, within and outside the solar systemHELIOPHYSICS MISSIONS (CY04-CY10)

     Deep Impact

     NOAA N

    GOES N

    ST-6

    CALIPSO

    CloudSat

     MRO

    TWINS-A

    CINDI

    Astro-E2

    SOFIA

    STEREO

    New

    Horizons

    DAWN

    ST-5

    THEMIS

    AIM

    NPP

    TWINS-B

    SOLAR B

    IBEX

    WISE

    ST-7

    ST-8

    SDO

    LRO

    OSTM

    GOES P

    Aquarius

    KEPLER

    PhoenixLander

    GLAST

    NOAA N’

    GOES O

    OCO

    Herschel

    Planck

    JUNO

     GP-B

     Messenger

     SWIFT

     Aura

     Rosetta

    LWS RBSP

    MSL

    MarsTelecom

    LunarLander

    ST-9

    Hydros

    GPM

    Airborne Msn

    Us Inst. On Foreign Msn

     Success  Failure

    Foreign Msn on US LV

    US Msn on US LV

    US Msn on DoD LV

    US Participation on Foreign Msn


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    Present into Future - A National Plan measurements at unique vantage points, within and outside the solar system


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    Is There Time to Learn Enough? measurements at unique vantage points, within and outside the solar system

    Exploration Plan


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    Universal Structure and Processes measurements at unique vantage points, within and outside the solar system

    • Magnetically Driven

    • Sun-Solar System Connection Physics - Three forces:

    • Pressure

    • Gravity

    • Magnetism

    • Gravitationally Dominated

    • Familiar Physics - Two forces:

    • Pressure

    • Gravity

    Galaxies Nebulae

    Heliosphere

    Stellar Magnetism

    Space Weather

    Stars/Sun:

    Total Solar Irradiance / Climate

    Solar Variability

    Flares

    CMEs

    Magnetars

    Pulsars

    Planets:

    Aurorae

    Ionospheres Atmospheric Chemistry

    Planetary Magnetospheres

    The dynamic interplay between the three forces (pressure, gravity, and magnetism) in the various venues of the solar system - the Sun’s atmosphere; the interplay between the Sun and the heliosphere; the interfaces between planets, their magnetospheres and the heliosphere; and the boundary between the solar system and the galaxy.


    Slide26 l.jpg

    • Heliophysics: measurements at unique vantage points, within and outside the solar systemThe investigation of

    • the Sun,

    • its effects on the planets of the solar system,and

    • the structure and changing conditions of the space environment . . . including those experienced by human and robotic explorers.


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