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RSA-LESOTHO AGREEMENT ON THE FACILITATION OF MOVEMENT OF CITIZENS PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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RSA-LESOTHO AGREEMENT ON THE FACILITATION OF MOVEMENT OF CITIZENS. PURPOSE. The Purpose of this presentation is to request the Select Committee on Social Services to please support the ratification of the RSA-Lesotho Agreement on the Facilitation of Movement of Citizens. BACKGROUND.

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RSA-LESOTHO AGREEMENT ON THE FACILITATION OF MOVEMENT OF CITIZENS

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RSA-LESOTHO AGREEMENT ON THE FACILITATION OF MOVEMENT OF CITIZENS


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PURPOSE

The Purpose of this presentation is to request the Select Committee on Social Services to please support the ratification of the RSA-Lesotho Agreement on the Facilitation of Movement of Citizens


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BACKGROUND

  • Lesotho landlocked by SA, which is its only neighbour

  • Unique situation calls for special approach

  • Facilitation of movement and economic development are cornerstones of the SA/ Lesotho JBCC agreement

  • Lesotho Least Developed Status

  • Large % of Lesotho GDP derived from migrant workers in SA

  • Foreigners can only enter Lesotho via the RSA


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CURRENT SITUATION

  • Numbers of routine travellers unmanageable (+28 000 p/d)

  • Effectiveness of routine processing questionable

  • Porous borderline encourages bypassing of controls

  • Service delivery considerations (compliant travellers)


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Maintain status quo

Increase resources to effectively manage peaks

Stop processing routine commuters

Undesirable

Under-utilisation during troughs

Monitoring of compliance

3 OPTIONS


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OBJECTIVES: OPTION 3

  • To facilitate the movement of citizens of the RSA and Lesotho

  • To reduce immigration formalities over citizens of SA & Lesotho visiting the territory of the other state

  • To focus efforts on inspections

  • To free resources and use them more effectively

  • Reduce opportunities for corruption (SAPS & DHA)


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Progress report

  • The draft agreement first served before Cabinet in 2005.

  • Cabinet resolved that the matter be referred back to the JBCC for consideration of the implications thereof for the RSA and Lesotho; and

  • Finally to the JCPS.


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Progress report (cont)

  • JBCC considered the implications and found that the agreement would be advantageous to the RSA and Lesotho

  • Agreement signed - 19 June 2007.


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ADVANTAGES

  • Creation of “fast lanes” for SA and Lesotho citizens at the 14 land border posts

  • Reduce congestion at the border posts

  • Shift the focus from current routine checks at ports of entry to problem cases in our territories

  • Economic advantages of freer movement


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SCOPE

  • 14 land border posts

  • Citizens of SA & Lesotho

  • On valid national passports

  • Only in respect of visitors & permit holders

  • Contract workers (not to report on departure)


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PROPOSED MECHANISMS

  • Broadening of the current visa exemption

  • Permit exemption

  • Category exemption to RSA & Lesotho citizens not to have to report to immigration when entering / leaving SA


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PROPOSED PROCEDURES

  • Visitors produce passports at perimeter gate, to verify validity & authenticity

  • No endorsement of passports by an Immigration Officer

  • Individual movements not to be captured by an Immigration Officer

  • Permit holders not to report to immigration on arrival & departure


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UNAFFECTED CATEGORIES

  • Third country nationals, irrespective of status in SA / Lesotho

  • Airport users

  • People wishing to cross the border legally at places other than the 14 border posts


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RISK FACTORS

  • Document fraud

  • Undesirable & Prohibited persons (Exclusions)


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MITIGATION OF RISK

  • Shift of focus to inspectorate (law enforcement)

  • Improved co-operation & exchange of information at all levels

  • Continued enforcement of both countries’ anti-corruption strategies

  • Implementation Framework, i. e:

    • Airports project;

    • Intensify focus on borderline;

    • Improve the security of enabling documents;

    • Consular cooperation


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WAY FORWARD

  • Ratification

  • Legislative enablement

  • Compliance with Implementation Framework

  • Roll out of Communication Strategy

  • Entry into Force


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The Department of Home Affairs thank the Select Committee on Social Services for this opportunity


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