PROPOSITION 6 THE “SAFE NEIGHBORHOODS ACT” WHAT DOES IT DO? WHAT SHOULD YOU DO ABOUT IT? Presented by David Steinhart, Director Commonweal Juvenile Justice Program July 29, 2008 Los Angeles. Proposition 6: “Safe Neighborhoods Act”. Scope of the measure….
THE “SAFE NEIGHBORHOODS ACT”
WHAT DOES IT DO?
WHAT SHOULD YOU DO ABOUT IT?
David Steinhart, Director
Commonweal Juvenile Justice Program
July 29, 2008
Scope of the measure….
Prop 6 permanently earmarks $1 billion per year in state funds for designated law enforcement programs
¾ vote of the Legislature
available for future state needs or spending in other areas such as education, health care, environment
$ 365 million for
$ 600 million for
Prop 6: What does it do?PERMANENTLY FUNDED EXISTING PROGRAMS
(Citizens Option for Public Safety)
(Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act)
Prop 6: What does it do?PERMANENTLY FUNDED NEW PROGRAMS
GANG PARTICIPATION, RECRUITMENT AND REGISTRATION
NEW DRUG CRIMES & PENALITES
VANDALISM–increases jail and prison terms for gang-related vandalism offenses
REMOVAL OF GPS DEVICE— New crimes and penalties for removal of GPS device
Prop 6: GANG ENFORCEMENT PACKAGE
SPENDING-- of all new funds created by Prop 6…
(but, Prop 6 does allocate $10 million/year for “law enforcement run youth recreation and community service” programs, not targeted to gangs)
NEW GANG SUPPRESSION LAWS– Proposition 6….
PROP 6 PERPETUALLY FUNDS
PROP 6 GIVES PROBATION
SB 81 (DJJ Realignment) AMENDMENT
TRYING MINORS AS ADULTS…. Prop 6
NEW CRIMES & PENALITES FOR JUVENILES
Prop 6: CRIME PROGRAM COMMISSION
rehabilitation programs, including juvenile programs and
2 Leg minority and one from the Judicial Council)
Prop 6: WHO’S IN SUPPORT?
Sen. George & Assemblywoman Sharon Runner, 3-strikes author Mike Reynolds, San Bernardino Co. Supervisor Gary Ovitt
SUPPORTING ORGANIZATIONS (Partial list, as of 8/1/08)
PROPONENTS’ WEBSITE:www. safeneighborhoodsact.com
WHO’S PAYING FOR PROP 6?
OTHER LARGE CONTRIBUTORS:
Larry Rasmussen $200,000
George Runner for Senate $ 50,000
Gary Ovitt for Supervisor $ 50,000
Golden State Bail Assoc. $ 40,000
LA Deputy Sheriffs $ 25,000
Pechango Band Mission Indians $ 25,000
-- Source: Calif. Secretary of State
THE NEED FOR PROP 6 AS ASSERTED BY ITS SUPPORTERS
FACT-- While gang homicides in Los Angeles are up, statewide California violent crime rates including homicide are down over the last year and significantly lower over the last 20 years
(Source: “Crime in California”, CA Dept. of Justice, 2007)
RESEARCHERS dispute this noting that suppression tactics have not been found to be effective in reducing gang violence unless combined with strategies that provide youth with alternatives to gangs.
(Justice Policy Institute, “Gang Wars: the Failure of Enforcement Tactics and the
Need for Effective Public Safety Strategies”, 2007, at www.justicepolicy.org).
THE NEED FOR PROP 6 AS ASSERTED BY ITS SUPPORTERS– cont’d
FACT: According to the Legislative Analyst, the Local Public Safety Fund for law enforcement has more than doubled from
$ 1.4 billion in FY 93/94 to over $ 3 billion in FY 08/09. The state budget for local law enforcement exceeded $3.5 billion last year.
(Source: LAO, FY 08/09 Budget Analysis, Judicial & Criminal Justice)
FACT:State financial subsidies for probation-run juvenile justice programs have grown steadily and significantly over the last ten years, rising from less than $100 million in 1997 to more than $400 million in 2007. Prime subsidies include: JJCPA ($125 mil), Probation/camp ($200 mil), SB 81 ($66 mil).
(Source: California state budgets FY 96/97 – FY 07/08)
ORGANIZATIONS AGAINST (Partial list, as of 8/1/08)
PROP 6: OPPONENTS’ ARGUMENTS