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Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean . Climate Change Assessments and Capacity Building in Latin America and Caribbean. Science, Education and Policy for People: Putting Knowledge into Practice.

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Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean

Climate Change Assessments and Capacity Building in Latin America and Caribbean

Science, Education and Policy for People: Putting Knowledge into Practice

Second AIACCMeeting for LAC, Argentina Aug. 24-27, 2004 Emilio Sempris, Director

Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean www.cathalac.org


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Regional and International Centers under UNESCO

IRTCUD

IHE

IETCUD

IRTCES

RCTWSA

HTHCSA

CATHALAC is an autonomous regional center of excellence dedicated to improve the knowledge about the water cycle and to promote sustainable development through integrated water resources and environmental management.


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GEF

Climate Change Assessments and Capacity Building in Latin America and Caribbean

  • Capacity Building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change in Central America Mexico and Cuba

  • Mesoamerican Regional Visualization and Monitoring System & Mesoamerican Environmental Information System


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Findings of First Generation V&A Assessments

  • As a whole, the region is not adapted to current climate;

  • Differentiated vulnerability to climate events;

  • 200 climate related deaths;


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Findings of First Generation V&A Assessments (2)

  • Weak institutional frameworks to address climate change, modernization of weather services is a must;

  • There are great uncertainties attached to the results of the assessment due to the unavailability and quality of climate system data;

  • Political willingness & stability issues that makes the region even more vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.



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UNFCCC Background in Central America Mexico and Cuba

  • Initial Guidance from the COP on Adaptation and Governmental Support:

    - Decision 11/CP1 on Stage II Adaptation: “Measures, including further capacity building which may be taken to prepare for adaptation as envisaged in Article 4.1(e)”;

    - Decision 2/CP4 “…..to strengthen climate change regional centers of excellence.”

    - UNDP-GEF NCSP Workshops 1999-2002

    - Ministerial endorsement in 2001-2002;

  • Builds upon first generation of I,V&A assessents under the UNFCCC-NC process.


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Capacity Building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change in Central America Mexico and Cuba

  • Participating Countries: Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama;

  • GEF Funding + Swiss Gov: 3.2 M USD, (UNFCCC-NAI eligibility for Enabling Activities)

  • Duration: 3 years

  • Implementing Agency: UNDP

  • Systems addressed: Agriculture, Water Resources, Human Health and Coastal Zones.


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Institutional Arrangement in Central America Mexico and Cuba

  • National UNFCCC Focal Points

    • Cuba: Meteorology Institute of the MSTE

    • Mexico:SEMARNAT’s INE

    • Guatemala:MARN’s CCU

    • Honduras: MNRE

    • El Salvador: MARN’s CCU

    • Nicaragua:MARN’s CCO

    • Costa Rica: Meteorological Institute

    • Panama:ANAM’ NPCC

  • At the Regional & International Level

    • CATHALAC

    • UNDP-RBLAC & UNDP-GEF NCSU


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Development Objective in Central America Mexico and Cuba

  • The project aims to strengthen the adaptive capacity of human systems to reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, including climate variability, risks and extreme events for priority systems throughout the Central America, Mexico and Cuba Region.


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Immediate Objectives and Outputs in Central America Mexico and Cuba

  • Immediate Objective 1

    • To strengthen systemic, institutional and individual capacity of stakeholders to further assess vulnerability and adaptation to the impacts of climate change, including climate variability, risks and extreme events, in priority systems at the regional, national and local level.

  • Outputs

    • Assessment of vulnerability to current climate variations for priority systems in each country;

    • Assessment of vulnerability to future climate for a priority system in each country;

    • Improved knowledge of current and future vulnerability shared and disseminated widely.


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Immediate Objectives and Outputs in Central America Mexico and Cuba

  • Immediate Objective 2

    • To strengthen systemic, institutional and individual capacity of stakeholders to develop strategies and to implement policies and measures to prepare for adaptation at the regional, national and local level.

  • Outputs

    • Adaptation strategy identified, with innovative policies and measures evaluated and prioritized for each priority system;

    • National plans with recommendations to incorporate adaptation into development. Improved knowledge of current and future vulnerability shared and disseminated widely;

    • Improved knowledge of national plan for adaptation shared and disseminated widely.


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SCOPE PROJECT in Central America Mexico and Cuba

ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT VULNERABILITY

CHARACTERIZE FUTURE VULNERABILITY

STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT

INCREASE ADAPTIVE CAPACITY

PRIORIZE POLICIES & MEASURES

PREPARE FOR ADAPTATION

Project Implementation Strategy


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Selected Exposition Units in Central America Mexico and Cuba

  • Mexico: El Estado Tlaxcala

  • Guatemala: Guatemala, Departamentos Chiquimula, Jalapa y Jutiapa

  • Honduras: Honduras, Cuenca del Rio Aguan

  • El Salvador: El Salvador, Bajo Lempa

  • Nicaragua: Cuenca 64 (Leon y Chinandega)

  • Costa Rica: Costa Rica, la zona noroccidental de la region Central

  • Panama: Cuenca del Rio Santa Maria

  • Cuba: Provincias Holguin y las Tunas


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Mesoamerican Monitoring in Central America Mexico and Cubaand Visualization SystemBackground

  • The Presidents of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, and the USA, and the Prime Minister of Belize, met at San Salvador on March 24, 2002 to announce the continuation and expansion of the Joint Central America-United States Declaration (CONCAUSA)

  • The CONCAUSA Plan of Action includes:

    • To strengthen Central America's ability to prevent and manage disasters;

    • To strengthen the Central American countries' capacity to adapt to climate change and to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions;

    • To increase the region's competitiveness in world markets….. using a comprehensive approach;

    • To achieve greater harmonization of environmental legislation, enforcement and compliance…..


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Urban and Rural Planning in Central America Mexico and Cuba

Energy and Water Balances

ForestFires

Carbon Cycle

EWS and DSS

MEIS (SIAM)

WeatherForecast

IWRM

CATHALAC

ICZM

Climate Scenarios

CCAD


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SIAM in Central America Mexico and Cuba

Mesoamerican Environmental Information System

CATHALAC-CCAD

BEL

GUA

ELS

HON

NIC

CR

PAN

TC

SIAM

LIC-BEL

SINIA-ANAM

SIA-MARN GUA

SINIA

SIA

SIG-SINAC

SIA-MARN ESL

SINIA-MARENA

SINA-SERNA

  • Governmental Institutions

  • -I G N

  • -METEOROLOGIA E HIDROLOGIA

  • BIODIVERSIDAD (SERVICIOS FORESTALES, AREAS PROTEJIDAS)

  • AGRICULTURA

  • PREVENCION DE DESASTRES

  • CAMBIO CLIMATICO

  • Fiscalía Ambiental

  • Private Sector and NGOs

  • INSTITUTOS DE INVESTIGACION

  • UNIVERSIDADES

  • ONG’S

  • Others

CCAD,2003


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DECEMBER 2003 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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JANUARY 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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FEBRUARY 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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MARCH 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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APRIL 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba

(UP TO APRIL 29)


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DECEMBER 2003 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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JANUARY 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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FEBRUARY 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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MARCH 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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APRIL 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba

(UP TO APRIL 29)


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DECEMBER 2003 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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JANUARY 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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FEBRUARY 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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MARCH 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba


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APRIL 2004 in Central America Mexico and Cuba

(UP TO APRIL 29)


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SIAM in Central America Mexico and Cuba

Mesoamerican Environmental Information System

C C A D

BEL

GUA

ELS

HON

NIC

CR

PAN

TC

SIAM

LIC-BEL

SINIA-ANAM

SIA-MARN GUA

SINIA

SIA

SIG-SINAC

SIA-MARN ESL

SINIA-MARENA

SINA-SERNA

  • Governmental Institutions

  • -I G N

  • -METEOROLOGIA E HIDROLOGIA

  • BIODIVERSIDAD (SERVICIOS FORESTALES, AREAS PROTEJIDAS)

  • AGRICULTURA

  • PREVENCION DE DESASTRES

  • CAMBIO CLIMATICO

  • Fiscalía Ambiental

  • Private Sector and NGOs

  • INSTITUTOS DE INVESTIGACION

  • UNIVERSIDADES

  • ONG’S

  • Others


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Water Center for the Humid Tropics in Central America Mexico and Cuba of Latin America and the Caribbean

Climate Change Assessments and Capacity Building in Latin America and Caribbean

Science, Education and Policy for People: Putting Knowledge into Practice

Second AIACCMeeting for LAC, Argentina Aug. 24-27, 2004 Emilio Sempris, Director

Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean www.cathalac.org


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