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Introduction to The On-line Library Catalog YEA!. What is included in a catalog record?. Description. Analysis. Search:. Library Catalog (cont.). CHOOSE #9---. Library catalog (cont.). How is it displayed?. MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging format). Search:. Online Catalog Record.

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Introduction to the on line library catalog yea l.jpg
Introduction to The On-line Library Catalog YEA!

  • What is included in a catalog record?

  • Description

  • Analysis

Search:



Library catalog cont3 l.jpg
Library catalog (cont.)

  • How is it displayed?

  • MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging format)

Search:



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Library Catalog -3

  • How does the online catalog know where to “look” for “life of Rossini”?

  • If the title was “ROSSINI,” how would the search engine know to display ONLY titles beginning with “rossini” and NOT authors or subject headings beginning with “rossini”?


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MARC RECORD:

Where does this page come from?


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OCLC

Closest thing the US has to a Union Catalog

OCLC = Online Computer Library Center

Originally OCLC = Ohio College Library Center

OCLC = WorldCat


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LIBRARY CALL NUMBERS

WHAT DOES THE CALL NUMBER MEAN?


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CLASSIFICATION

  • M s are for MUSIC

    • M = Scores

    • ML = Books (Music Literature)

    • MT = Books (Music Theory and Instruction)

  • Library of Congress Call Numbers


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M3s or COMPLETE WORKS

Why are they important?

Why aren’t they consistent?

  • M3 B1133 (c = m3b1133) (Bach)

  • M 3 B3 (c = m3b3) (Barbireau)


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More on Call numbers

  • M200 = 2 players

  • M300 = 3 players

  • M1500 / M1503

  • M2000 / M2003

  • ML410 / ML416-20



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Composer/Author Names

  • Do these searches:

    • mussorgsky, musorgsky, mussorgski, musorgsky

    • mussorgsk__

    • prokofief, prokofieff, prokofiev

    • prokofie__


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Why is searching for music different than searching for books?

  • What is the difference between searching for Twain’s Tom Sawyer and Beethoven’s Eroica Symphony?

  • Symphony has a variety of title possibilities

  • The title could be in any language

  • In music, same title used by many composers (“generic titles” like “Sonata”)

    • (Comparable in print publications to “Book”)


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QUESTION: books?

  • How does the online catalog HANDLE all the titles that are like these (below) in the online catalog?

  • Symphony in G

  • Sonata #2

  • String Quartet, op.2

  • Etude (etc.)


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By ADDING another title (called a books?Uniform Title)that is “uniform” for all examples of the same work.

ANSWER:


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UNIFORM TITLE books????

WHAT the

*$^%#?&

IS

THAT?


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HERE IS AN EXAMPLE. books?

  • Dvorak’s New World Symphony may have any one of these as its title:

    • Symphony #104

    • Symphony in D

    • New World Symphony

    • Symphony, no.4


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…EXAMPLE: books?

  • The music for of these examples is THE SAME.

  • The title on the score or CD is DIFFERENT for each


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EXAMPLE (cont.) books?

  • SO…in the online catalog, each piece has an ADDED TITLE that is the SAME (“Uniform”) for each so the user knows that all of these:

    • Symphony #104, by Dvorak

    • Symphony in D, by Dvorak

    • New World Symphony, by Dvorak

    • Symphony, no.4, by Dvorak

      ARE THE SAME MUSIC.


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Dvorak’s New World Symphony books?

Uniform title is:

Symphonies, no. 9, op. 9, E minor

(Why is it plural?)


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YOU MAY ASK… books?

BUT HOW DOES THE UNIFORM TITLE HELP ME?

OR

WHO CARES?


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USING the Uniform title books?

Find ONE EXAMPLE in the online catalog for Dvorak’s New World Symphony. Note the uniform title:

Personal author: Dvorak, Antonin, 1841-1904.Uniform title: Symphonies, no. 9, op. 9, E minor

Title: New World Symphony


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Using the U.T. for searching books?(cont.)

Now search:

op 9 no 9

dvorak

with

and see...



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Why books? don’t ALL LOLA records have uniform titles?

  • Search a = badings henk

  • Look at #8, then #9

    BECAUSE:

  • #8 has a “generic title,” it needs a uniform title (and has one)

  • #9 has a “unique title,” so it has no need for a uniform title


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BUT WHO CARES about a U.T.? books?

  • THE PERSON WHO WANTS TO FIND ALL POSSIBLE “HITS” FOR A SEARCH.

    • Once you know what elements are included in a uniform title, you can find other examples of that work more easily

    • Find ONE example, look at the U.T., then search again.


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HERE IS THE ROUTINE: books?

  • FIND ONE EXAMPLE

  • LOOK at the UNIFORM TITLE

  • USE THAT information to

  • SEARCH AGAIN


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EXAMPLE books?

  • FIND ONE EXAMPLE

    • Example

      • You know you want a score for Schubert’s TROUT QUINTET

      • Do an ADVANCED SEARCH: “schubert and trout” (keyword) and “musical score” (in material type)


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EXAMPLE (cont) books?

  • FIND the uniform title

    • The following is from the index screen, Click “details” to see the Uniform title


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EXAMPLE (cont.) books?

  • “DETAIL” VIEW FROM ONLINE CATALOG, where you LOOK at the Uniform title:


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Example (cont.) books?

  • AND THEN USE the information found for a new search:

  • AUTHOR=Schubert

  • TITLE=D 667

  • MATERIAL TYPE=musical score


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SUBJECT HEADINGS books?

In the online catalog


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SUBJECT HEADINGS books?

  • Subject heading is related to call number, for example,

    • Symphonies = M1001

    • Violin music = M40- M44

    • Copland, Aaron = ML410.C756


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Subject headings-2 books?

What does that mean?

I don’t know!

“Subject

headings must be entered in an “authorized” form”


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Authorized subject heading books?

Do this search:

SUBJECT: canines

(you get 0 hits)

WHY?

Because the heading is “DOGS”


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IF I DON’T KNOW THIS, HOW DO I FIND WHAT I NEED? books?

  • Do a WORD OR PHRASE search for “CANINE”

  • Look at the subject heading

  • SEARCH AGAIN USING “DOGS”

    • 1466 hits


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Using SUBJECT HEADINGS books?

  • TO REVIEW:

    • Find one example

    • Look at the subject heading

    • Search again using that heading

  • (This is the same as a uniform title search:

    • Find one example

    • Look at the uniform title

    • Search again using information from the U.T.)


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Three TYPES of subject headings books?

  • Form

  • Topical

  • Names


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“Form” subject headings books?

  • Form (not “about” anything)

    • Symphonies

    • Dictionaries

    • Songs – English

  • Always plural

  • Note SUBDIVISIONS


  • Topical subject headings l.jpg
    “Topical” subject headings books?

    • Answers the question, “What is this item about?”

      • musical instruments -- China

      • musicology

      • african americans

    • Note subdivisions


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    “Name” Subject Headings books?

    • When an item is about a person

    • Used for biographical works

    • Added for the author of text set to music

      • Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861—Musical settings.


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    When a Subject Heading is BOTH “Form” and “Topical” books?

    • SUBJECT electronic music

    • SUBJECT ethnomusicology


    Determining the correct subject heading l.jpg

    At the “FRUSTRATION” extreme we have … books?

    Trial and error

    Try this and that until you get what you want

    OFTEN it works!

    Determining the correct subject heading


    Determining subject headings l.jpg
    (determining subject headings) books?

    • At the very CONTROLLED extreme we have . .

    • LCSH

      • Find a copy and LOOK IT UP!


    Subject headings46 l.jpg
    Subject headings books?

    • The “middle of the road” response is to use the 3-step method:

    1.Find one example using keyword searching

    2.Look at the subject heading

    3. Search again using that heading


    Keyword searching using the online catalog l.jpg
    KEYWORD SEARCHING using the online catalog books?

    • Uses ANY search box

    • The catalog can’t correct your spelling

      • Can’t find “dog” in “dogs” with “keyword”

      • Can’t find “dog” in “dogs” even if you use “left to right (too many)


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    BOOLEAN TECHNIQUES books?

    • Truncation

    • Operators

    • Nesting


    Truncation use or l.jpg
    Truncation – use ? Or $ books?

    • When searching “sonat?” you get:

      • Sonata, sonat, sonate, etc.)

      • (single character or 0 character substitution)

    • When searching “sonat$ you would get:

      • Sonata, sonatas, sonatina, sonatinas, sonaten, sonate …

      • (multiple character substitution)


    Keyword searching operators l.jpg
    Keyword Searching OPERATORS books?

    • OPERATOR TERMS

      • AND, OR, NOT, XOR

    • POSITIONAL OPERATORS:

      • ADJ, SAME, NEAR, WITH


    Keyword operators and or l.jpg
    Keyword Operators—AND/OR books?

    • Which is MORE inclusive, “AND” or “OR”?

    • Which would get more “hits”

      • boys AND girls

      • boys or girls ?


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    And the winner is… books?

    • boys OR girls


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    A Diagram of search results books?

    • k=boys and girls

      • The result is GREEN (orplaid)

    • k=boys or girls

      • Results are blue, green&yellow(stripe and plaid)

    • k=boys not girls

      • Results are blue & green (vertical stripes & plaid)


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    NOT as an operator books?

    • To exclude something

      • A search word

        • Boys NOT men

        • Shakespeare AND Othello AND (opera NOT drama)

      • A date

        • Tom sawyer not 19??


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    XOR books?

    • Our online catalog calls this an operator, it works like one here, but it isn’t part of the original operators

    • It means either “A” OR “B” BUT NOT BOTH

      • Example: sonatas xor sonatinas


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    Other Operators books?

    • ADJ (this is a “positional operator”)

      • Boy ADJ girl means the words BOY and GIRL must sit be adjacent to each other

        • These titles WOULD be retrieved:

          • Boy-Girl Relationships

          • A Boy Girl Thing


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    ADJ, continued books?

    • Searching boy adj girl

      • These would NOT be retrieved

        • Boys, girls like candy

        • A boy and a girl were in the photo

        • Boy, Girls are Great!


    How will you use this l.jpg
    How will you use this? books?

    • Keyword search: NEW adj WORLD

      • New world = 7028 hits

      • New adj world = 2162 hits


    Positional operators l.jpg
    Positional Operators books?

    • ADJ

      • Two words must appear next to (adjacent to) each other, in the order given

    • SAME

      • must all appear in the same field of a record (author, title, subject, etc.).

    • NEAR

      • must appear next to (adjacent to) each other, but may appear in any order.

    • WITH

      • must appear in the record in the same sentence


    Want to see more l.jpg
    Want to see more? books?

    • Online catalog

    • Click “help”

    • Click “Advanced Searching

    • Click “Operators”


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    Nesting books?

    • The Online catalog allows search expressions to be grouped or nested using parentheses.

    • It searches the expression located in the innermost set of parentheses first, and then continues the search, moving outward to the terms at the edges of the expression.


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    Nesting books?

    AN EXAMPLE SEARCH:

    • (boy or boys) and ((parents or parent) or (mother or father))

    • NOTE: without the parentheses, the search would proceed from left to right


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    Nesting, how the computer searches books?

    (boy or boys) and ( (parents or parent) or (mother or father) )

    • First Step, the innermost set of parentheses

      • Parent or parents (6377)

      • Mother or father (7114)


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    Second step books?

    (boy or boys) and ((parents or parent) or (mother or father))

    • Combine the two “nested” searches

      • (parent or parents) or (mother or dad) (9614)


    Nesting third step l.jpg
    Nesting –third step books?

    (boy or boys) and ((parents or parent) or (mother or father))

    • boy or boys (5900)


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    FINALLY… books?

    (boy or boys) and ((parents or parent) or (mother or father))

    • Results are combined:

      • (parent or parents) or (mother or dad) (10273)

        WITH

      • boy or boys (4606)

    FOR489 hits


    Who cares l.jpg

    WHO CARES? books?

    or

    HOW DOES THAT AFFECT ME?


    Help screens l.jpg

    HELP SCREENS books?

    Too much to remember, where is it written down?


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    How to access HELP books?

    • Do a search

      psalms and hymns or anthems

    • Click on help

    • You’ll get context specific help.

    • OR use “How do I?...”

      (takes you to the same place)


    Nesting affects search results l.jpg
    Nesting affects search results books?

    • "psalms and hymns or anthems" 771

      OR

    • "psalms and (hymns or anthems)" 514 OR

    • “(psalms and hymns) or anthems" 771





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