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Introduction to The On-line Library Catalog YEA!. What is included in a catalog record?. Description. Analysis. Search:. Library Catalog (cont.). CHOOSE #9---. Library catalog (cont.). How is it displayed?. MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging format). Search:. Online Catalog Record.

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Introduction to the on line library catalog yea l.jpg

Introduction to The On-line Library Catalog YEA!

  • What is included in a catalog record?

  • Description

  • Analysis

Search:


Library catalog cont l.jpg

Library Catalog (cont.)

  • CHOOSE #9---


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Library catalog (cont.)

  • How is it displayed?

  • MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging format)

Search:


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Online Catalog Record

  • Choose #5:


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Library Catalog -3

  • How does the online catalog know where to “look” for “life of Rossini”?

  • If the title was “ROSSINI,” how would the search engine know to display ONLY titles beginning with “rossini” and NOT authors or subject headings beginning with “rossini”?


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MARC RECORD:

Where does this page come from?


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OCLC

Closest thing the US has to a Union Catalog

OCLC = Online Computer Library Center

Originally OCLC = Ohio College Library Center

OCLC = WorldCat


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LIBRARY CALL NUMBERS

WHAT DOES THE CALL NUMBER MEAN?


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CLASSIFICATION

  • M s are for MUSIC

    • M = Scores

    • ML = Books (Music Literature)

    • MT = Books (Music Theory and Instruction)

  • Library of Congress Call Numbers


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M3s or COMPLETE WORKS

Why are they important?

Why aren’t they consistent?

  • M3 B1133 (c = m3b1133) (Bach)

  • M 3 B3 (c = m3b3)(Barbireau)


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More on Call numbers

  • M200 = 2 players

  • M300 = 3 players

  • M1500 / M1503

  • M2000 / M2003

  • ML410 / ML416-20


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SEARCHING FOR MUSIC


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Composer/Author Names

  • Do these searches:

    • mussorgsky, musorgsky, mussorgski, musorgsky

    • mussorgsk__

    • prokofief, prokofieff, prokofiev

    • prokofie__


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Why is searching for music different than searching for books?

  • What is the difference between searching for Twain’s Tom Sawyer and Beethoven’s Eroica Symphony?

  • Symphony has a variety of title possibilities

  • The title could be in any language

  • In music, same title used by many composers (“generic titles” like “Sonata”)

    • (Comparable in print publications to “Book”)


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QUESTION:

  • How does the online catalog HANDLE all the titles that are like these (below) in the online catalog?

  • Symphony in G

  • Sonata #2

  • String Quartet, op.2

  • Etude (etc.)


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By ADDING another title (called a Uniform Title)that is “uniform” for all examples of the same work.

ANSWER:


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UNIFORM TITLE???

WHAT the

*$^%#?&

IS

THAT?


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HERE IS AN EXAMPLE.

  • Dvorak’s New World Symphony may have any one of these as its title:

    • Symphony #104

    • Symphony in D

    • New World Symphony

    • Symphony, no.4


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…EXAMPLE:

  • The music for of these examples is THE SAME.

  • The title on the score or CD is DIFFERENT for each


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EXAMPLE (cont.)

  • SO…in the online catalog, each piece has an ADDED TITLE that is the SAME (“Uniform”) for each so the user knows that all of these:

    • Symphony #104, by Dvorak

    • Symphony in D, by Dvorak

    • New World Symphony, by Dvorak

    • Symphony, no.4, by Dvorak

      ARE THE SAME MUSIC.


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Dvorak’s New World Symphony

Uniform title is:

Symphonies, no. 9, op. 9, E minor

(Why is it plural?)


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YOU MAY ASK…

BUT HOW DOES THE UNIFORM TITLE HELP ME?

OR

WHO CARES?


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USING the Uniform title

Find ONE EXAMPLE in the online catalog for Dvorak’s New World Symphony. Note the uniform title:

Personal author: Dvorak, Antonin, 1841-1904.Uniform title: Symphonies, no. 9, op. 9, E minor

Title: New World Symphony


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Using the U.T. for searching (cont.)

Now search:

op 9 no 9

dvorak

with

and see...


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Results of k=dvorak and op 9 no 9


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Why don’t ALL LOLA records have uniform titles?

  • Search a = badings henk

  • Look at #8, then #9

    BECAUSE:

  • #8 has a “generic title,” it needs a uniform title (and has one)

  • #9 has a “unique title,” so it has no need for a uniform title


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BUT WHO CARES about a U.T.?

  • THE PERSON WHO WANTS TO FIND ALL POSSIBLE “HITS” FOR A SEARCH.

    • Once you know what elements are included in a uniform title, you can find other examples of that work more easily

    • Find ONE example, look at the U.T., then search again.


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HERE IS THE ROUTINE:

  • FIND ONE EXAMPLE

  • LOOK at the UNIFORM TITLE

  • USE THAT information to

  • SEARCH AGAIN


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EXAMPLE

  • FIND ONE EXAMPLE

    • Example

      • You know you want a score for Schubert’s TROUT QUINTET

      • Do an ADVANCED SEARCH: “schubert and trout” (keyword) and “musical score” (in material type)


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EXAMPLE (cont)

  • FIND the uniform title

    • The following is from the index screen, Click “details” to see the Uniform title


Example cont31 l.jpg

EXAMPLE (cont.)

  • “DETAIL” VIEW FROM ONLINE CATALOG, where you LOOK at the Uniform title:


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Example (cont.)

  • AND THEN USE the information found for a new search:

  • AUTHOR=Schubert

  • TITLE=D 667

  • MATERIAL TYPE=musical score


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SUBJECT HEADINGS

In the online catalog


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SUBJECT HEADINGS

  • Subject heading is related to call number, for example,

    • Symphonies = M1001

    • Violin music = M40- M44

    • Copland, Aaron = ML410.C756


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Subject headings-2

What does that mean?

I don’t know!

“Subject

headings must be entered in an “authorized” form”


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Authorized subject heading

Do this search:

SUBJECT:canines

(you get 0 hits)

WHY?

Because the heading is “DOGS”


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IF I DON’T KNOW THIS, HOW DO I FIND WHAT I NEED?

  • Do a WORD OR PHRASE search for “CANINE”

  • Look at the subject heading

  • SEARCH AGAIN USING “DOGS”

    • 1466 hits


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Using SUBJECT HEADINGS

  • TO REVIEW:

    • Find one example

    • Look at the subject heading

    • Search again using that heading

  • (This is the same as a uniform title search:

    • Find one example

    • Look at the uniform title

    • Search again using information from the U.T.)


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Three TYPES of subject headings

  • Form

  • Topical

  • Names


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“Form” subject headings

  • Form (not “about” anything)

    • Symphonies

    • Dictionaries

    • Songs – English

  • Always plural

  • Note SUBDIVISIONS


  • Topical subject headings l.jpg

    “Topical” subject headings

    • Answers the question, “What is this item about?”

      • musical instruments -- China

      • musicology

      • african americans

    • Note subdivisions


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    “Name” Subject Headings

    • When an item is about a person

    • Used for biographical works

    • Added for the author of text set to music

      • Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861—Musical settings.


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    When a Subject Heading is BOTH “Form” and “Topical”

    • SUBJECT electronic music

    • SUBJECT ethnomusicology


    Determining the correct subject heading l.jpg

    At the “FRUSTRATION” extreme we have …

    Trial and error

    Try this and that until you get what you want

    OFTEN it works!

    Determining the correct subject heading


    Determining subject headings l.jpg

    (determining subject headings)

    • At the very CONTROLLED extreme we have . .

    • LCSH

      • Find a copy and LOOK IT UP!


    Subject headings46 l.jpg

    Subject headings

    • The “middle of the road” response is to use the 3-step method:

    1.Find one example using keyword searching

    2.Look at the subject heading

    3. Search again using that heading


    Keyword searching using the online catalog l.jpg

    KEYWORD SEARCHING using the online catalog

    • Uses ANY search box

    • The catalog can’t correct your spelling

      • Can’t find “dog” in “dogs” with “keyword”

      • Can’t find “dog” in “dogs” even if you use “left to right (too many)


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    BOOLEAN TECHNIQUES

    • Truncation

    • Operators

    • Nesting


    Truncation use or l.jpg

    Truncation – use ? Or $

    • When searching “sonat?” you get:

      • Sonata, sonat, sonate, etc.)

      • (single character or 0 character substitution)

    • When searching “sonat$ you would get:

      • Sonata, sonatas, sonatina, sonatinas, sonaten, sonate …

      • (multiple character substitution)


    Keyword searching operators l.jpg

    Keyword Searching OPERATORS

    • OPERATOR TERMS

      • AND, OR, NOT, XOR

    • POSITIONAL OPERATORS:

      • ADJ, SAME, NEAR, WITH


    Keyword operators and or l.jpg

    Keyword Operators—AND/OR

    • Which is MORE inclusive, “AND” or “OR”?

    • Which would get more “hits”

      • boys AND girls

      • boys or girls?


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    And the winner is…

    • boys OR girls


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    A Diagram of search results

    • k=boys and girls

      • The result is GREEN (orplaid)

    • k=boys or girls

      • Results are blue, green&yellow(stripe and plaid)

    • k=boys not girls

      • Results are blue & green (vertical stripes & plaid)


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    NOT as an operator

    • To exclude something

      • A search word

        • Boys NOT men

        • Shakespeare AND Othello AND (opera NOT drama)

      • A date

        • Tom sawyer not 19??


    Slide55 l.jpg

    XOR

    • Our online catalog calls this an operator, it works like one here, but it isn’t part of the original operators

    • It means either “A” OR “B” BUT NOT BOTH

      • Example: sonatas xor sonatinas


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    Other Operators

    • ADJ (this is a “positional operator”)

      • Boy ADJ girl means the words BOY and GIRL must sit be adjacent to each other

        • These titles WOULD be retrieved:

          • Boy-Girl Relationships

          • A Boy Girl Thing


    Adj continued l.jpg

    ADJ, continued

    • Searching boy adj girl

      • These would NOT be retrieved

        • Boys, girls like candy

        • A boy and a girl were in the photo

        • Boy, Girls are Great!


    How will you use this l.jpg

    How will you use this?

    • Keyword search: NEW adj WORLD

      • New world = 7028 hits

      • New adj world = 2162 hits


    Positional operators l.jpg

    Positional Operators

    • ADJ

      • Two words must appear next to (adjacent to) each other, in the order given

    • SAME

      • must all appear in the same field of a record (author, title, subject, etc.).

    • NEAR

      • must appear next to (adjacent to) each other, but may appear in any order.

    • WITH

      • must appear in the record in the same sentence


    Want to see more l.jpg

    Want to see more?

    • Online catalog

    • Click “help”

    • Click “Advanced Searching

    • Click “Operators”


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    Nesting

    • The Online catalog allows search expressions to be grouped or nested using parentheses.

    • It searches the expression located in the innermost set of parentheses first, and then continues the search, moving outward to the terms at the edges of the expression.


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    Nesting

    AN EXAMPLE SEARCH:

    • (boy or boys) and ((parents or parent) or (mother or father))

    • NOTE: without the parentheses, the search would proceed from left to right


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    Nesting, how the computer searches

    (boy or boys) and ( (parents or parent) or (mother or father) )

    • First Step, the innermost set of parentheses

      • Parent or parents (6377)

      • Mother or father (7114)


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    Second step

    (boy or boys) and ((parents or parent) or (mother or father))

    • Combine the two “nested” searches

      • (parent or parents) or (mother or dad) (9614)


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    Nesting –third step

    (boy or boys) and ((parents or parent) or (mother or father))

    • boy or boys (5900)


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    FINALLY…

    (boy or boys) and ((parents or parent) or (mother or father))

    • Results are combined:

      • (parent or parents) or (mother or dad) (10273)

        WITH

      • boy or boys (4606)

    FOR489 hits


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    WHO CARES?

    or

    HOW DOES THAT AFFECT ME?


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    HELP SCREENS

    Too much to remember, where is it written down?


    How to access help l.jpg

    How to access HELP

    • Do a search

      psalms and hymns or anthems

    • Click on help

    • You’ll get context specific help.

    • OR use “How do I?...”

      (takes you to the same place)


    Nesting affects search results l.jpg

    Nesting affects search results

    • "psalms and hymns or anthems" 771

      OR

    • "psalms and (hymns or anthems)" 514OR

    • “(psalms and hymns) or anthems" 771


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    HELP screen, choose ADVANCED


    Then you have these options l.jpg

    Then you have these options:


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    I THINK SHE’S FINALLY DONE!


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