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Internal Environmental Issues. FdA in Airport and Air Transport Management. Objectives. To investigate the internal environmental issues. To discuss the issues and possible solutions How these issues are going to affect the environment in the future. Environmental effects of airports.

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internal environmental issues

Internal Environmental Issues

FdA in Airport and Air Transport Management

objectives
Objectives
  • To investigate the internal environmental issues.
  • To discuss the issues and possible solutions
  • How these issues are going to affect the environment in the future.
environmental effects of airports
Environmental effects of airports
  • “Airports are perceived to have negative environmental effects in terms of air pollution, noise pollution, waste production and hydrological damage. Pitt and Brown (2001) cited on http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)
waste
Waste
  • Increases 3% per annum
  • Three lanes in Europe- UK being in the slow lane.
  • The Netherlands, Austria, Sweden and Germany are in the fast lane.
  • Government strategy is now aimed at moving environmental management statements and recovery initiatives up the hierarchy.
airports
Airports
  • “An airport is essentially small city and therefore has a significant impact on the volume of waste produced for the region in which it is situated”http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)
airports6
Airports
  • The solid waste generated in an airport comes from three main sources
    • Office waste
    • Tenant concessionaires
    • Aircraft waste McGuiness (2001) cited in http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)
waste water
Waste Water
  • Airports produce a large volume of water waste.
  • Waste water in airport areas comes from a variety of sources:
    • Domestic sewage
    • Industrial sewage
    • Combines water containing a mix of waste water and precipitation.
    • Rainwater from roads and parking areas.
    • Unpolluted water from runways, taxiways and aprons.
    • Rainwater containing light liquids that runs off aprons
    • Water containing de-icing fluid from the de-icing of paved areas and aircraft.Hofstetter (1996) cited in http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)
groundwater
Groundwater
  • Groundwater may become contaminated by airport operations.
    • Petroleum
    • Jet fuels
    • Diesel fuel
    • Chlorinated solvents
    • De-icing/anti-icing compounds http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)
reducing water usage
Reducing water usage
  • LHR- Use a rainwater harvesting system which reuses 85% of all the rainwater that falls on the Terminal 5 site.http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08).
using on site combined cooling heat and power cchp
Using on-site combined, cooling heat and power (CCHP)
  • Conventional power plants only convert about 35% of the energy in the fuel that they burn into electricity. 
  • CCHP plants typically convert over 80% of the energy in the fuel that they burn into electricity, heat or cooling. http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08).
optimising the performance buildings and processes
Optimising the performance buildings and processes
  • Optimising the performance of existing buildings and processes
intelligent building management systems
Intelligent building management systems
  • Intelligent building management systems.
    • Do you know what these systems do?
investing in renewables
Investing in renewables
  • Heathrow East-
    • will be one of the first major developments to use renewable biomass gasification. 
recycling waste and turning waste into energy
Recycling waste and turning waste into energy
  • BAA has a target of recycling or composting 40% of its waste by 2010 and 70% of its waste by 2020. We are also investigating the possibility of turning our non-recyclable waste into energy. http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08).
trialling innovative zero carbon electricity
Trialling innovative zero-carbon electricity
  • Heathrow will be one of the first sites in Britain to trial generating zero-carbon energy from waste heat.http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08).
slide17
LHR
  • Energy
  • Noise
  • Air quality
  • Waste
  • Water

http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/CRMicrositeLHR08/Heathrow%5ECRMicrositeLHR08%5EOur+performance%5ELocal+environment/e15b859169318110VgnVCM10000036821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed on 24/10/08)

reference and suggested reading
Reference and Suggested Reading
  • Anon. (2008) Cutting emissions from airport buildings, (On-line), UK. Available from: http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08).
  • Anon. (2008) Local environment, (On-line), UK. Available from: http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/CRMicrositeLHR08/Heathrow%5ECRMicrositeLHR08%5EOur+performance%5ELocal+environment/e15b859169318110VgnVCM10000036821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed on 24/10/08)
  • Pitt.M, Brown. A and Smith. A (2002) Waste management at airports (On-line), UK. Avaiable from: http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed on 19/08/08)
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