Detector of UV and IR Radiation  on Board “Tatiana” and- “Tatiana-2” Satellites and Applicat...
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Detector of UV and IR Radiation on Board “Tatiana” and- “Tatiana-2” Satellites and Applications for Future Experiments and in Complex Detector for TLE Study at Aragats Cosmic Station” G.K . Garipov Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Russia Content.

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  • Detector of UV and IR Radiation on Board “Tatiana” and- “Tatiana-2” Satellites and Applications for Future Experiments and in Complex Detector for TLE Study at Aragats Cosmic Station”

  • G.K. Garipov

  • Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics,

  • Moscow State University, Russia

  • Content.

  • 1.MSU Micro satellite TATIANA UV Detector and Results of measurements

    • 2.MSU Micro satelliteTATIANA-2 UV, IR and Charged Particles detectors and First Results of measurements

    • 3. ISR of RAS Micro satellite CHIBIS-M UV and IR detectors

    • 4. UV and IR detectors for Ararat's Cosmic Station for Study Elementary Particle Acceleration in Thunderstorm Electric Field.

    • 5. Conclusion

  • TEPA 2010


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Parameters of the “Tatiana-2” Satellites and Applications for Future Experiments and in Complex Detector for TLE Study at Aragats Cosmic Station”

‘‘Tatiana’’ satellite

Mass, kg 25

Power, Wt 7


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Ground track of TATIANA satellite “Tatiana-2” Satellites and Applications for Future Experiments and in Complex Detector for TLE Study at Aragats Cosmic Station”

Altitude 1000km

Inclination 820

TATIANA


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Parameters of the “Tatiana-2” Satellites and Applications for Future Experiments and in Complex Detector for TLE Study at Aragats Cosmic Station”

UV detector

Mass, kg 0.5

Field of view, degree ±7

Power, Wt 0.6

PMT R1463

The scientific instruments were preparedand constructed by D.V. Skobeltsyn Instituteof Nuclear Physics.

Mass of scientific

instrument, kg7

Power, Wt 4.2


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Block-diagram of the UV detector at the MSU “Tatiana” satellite

UV detector comprises 2 PMT tubes and electronics block.

(first tube measures an optical radiation, second measures the charge particle background)

Two code are recorded and used in measurements:

M- PMT gain DAC code and N- the PMT anode current ADC code

(1) collimator, (2) UV-1 filter, (3)cover, MX—multiplexor, HV—voltage supply for PM tubes,ADC and DAC—analog-digital and digital-analog convertors, Logic Unit-FPGA.




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Digital integrator and Signal finder circuit. satellite

The ‘‘flash’’ event finding algorithm



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Example of the measured oscillogram of the airglow signal on the day side,

satellite is illuminated by the Sun

ground track of the orbit



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Examples of UV intensity and AURORA and near equatorial ovals recording on – route at South latitudes in moonless night in two circulations.


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Registering of the TLE. ovals recording on – route at South latitudes in moonless night in two circulations

It performed by 2 oscilloscopes: with trace length 4 ms and time sample 16μs, and trace length 64 ms and time sample 256μs.

Examples of UV flashes of energy 1011 – 1012 erg in 1-64 ms intervals were detected.


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Global map of UV flashes ovals recording on – route at South latitudes in moonless night in two circulations


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Positions of the UV detector at new moon ovals recording on – route at South latitudes in moonless night in two circulationsand full moon

in reference to the Earth and the Sun.

UV transient event number as a function of lunar phase


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C ovals recording on – route at South latitudes in moonless night in two circulationsorrelation between the transient UVevent rates


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Energy distribution of UV TLE radiation recorded by DUV ovals recording on – route at South latitudes in moonless night in two circulations


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Carrier rocket: “Soyuz-2” Upper-stage rocket “Fregat”

Operating orbit:

Polar Sun synchronous

Altitude: 800 – 850km

Inclination 98.80

Mass: 100kg

Power: 100W


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Assembling of the satellite rocket “Fregat”and scientific equipment


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Ground track of TATIANA-2 satellite rocket “Fregat”

Altitude850km

Inclination 98.80



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Thickness 0.5cm “Tatiana 2” satellite

Sensitive aria 350 cm2

Energy threshold 1 Mev



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Example of UV intensity recording on- “Tatiana 2” satelliteorbits.


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Examples of UV “Tatiana 2” satellite, IR and CP temporal distribution by TATIANA-2 above SAA


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One day TLE distribution recorded by TATIANA-2 “Tatiana 2” satellite

above cloud word map

Part of flash events are observed in cloudless regions and was not detected by WWLLN

Every orbit with close longitudes have been observed the same picture-long series

of flash events. Length of such series reach 10 thousand kilometers which is much more

longer then thunderstorm or clouds area crossed by satellite.


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Lighting flashes density “Tatiana 2” satellite

above land ~ 5·10-5 min-1km-2

above water ~ 5·10-7 min-1km-2

Flash events density recorded by TATIANA-2

above land ~ 5·10-5 min-1km-2

above water ~ 5·10-5 min-1km-2


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Typical lighting geographical distribution in winter and summer

All recorded thunderstorm cloud to ground lightings are in good correlation with clouds

distribution.


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Low energy flash events distributed uniformly at the globe map, at least at the night site of orbit observed by UV detector during TATIANA-2 mission.


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Low energy flash event Global distribution statistics map, at least at the night site of orbit observed by UV detector during TATIANA-2 mission.

Distribution of registered flash events on the map in pixels 300300


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Main number of flashes distributed above continents at the regions with high lighting activity. We believe main part of flashes have ionospheric origin.


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DUV on the board CHIBIS micro satellite of Institute for Space Research

of Russian Academy of Sciences


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Total mass 40kg Space Research

Serves equipment 12,6kg

Scientific payload 10,8kg

Power 50Wt

Orbit altitude 480km

The launch of the CHIBIS micro satellite is planned to celebrate the 50-years of the launching of the first man in space in USSA


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UV 240-400nm Space Research

Red 610-800nm

Sensitive area ~ 0.5cm2

Field of view ~ 150

Mass ~ 0.65kG

Power < 2.5Wt






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CONCLUSIONS with LED sours

1.The background radiation of light from charged particles in the optical components of the detector is negligibly small as compared with the airglow on the darkest nights.

2.It is confirmed by experiments that the PMT can operate with a regulated high-voltage power supply in the transition mode from a large illumination on the day side of the Earth to a small one on the night side.

3.The afterglow effect of the PMT proves to be small as compared with the airglow even on the darkest nights. In ultraviolet intensity measurements by one detector, a wide dynamic range of ~105 was reached.

4. For observation of bursts, the digital oscilloscope method was successfully applied. Bursts with an ultraviolet radiant energy of hundreds of kJ were recorded

5, Ground base UV and IR detector successfully was tested in Nor Amberd Cosmic Ray Laboratory with LED flash source


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1. PMT is able to operate in period of several years in the orbit in the day and night regime.

2. The regime of the PMT operation with variable gain following by the UV light intensity increase detector duty cycle.


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