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“Linkages and Synergies with other environmental conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies” Vladimir Savchenko Focal Point of the UNCCD in Belarus Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection. CRIC, Rome, Italy, 11-22 November 2002.

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“Linkages and Synergies with other environmental conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

Vladimir SavchenkoFocal Point of the UNCCD in BelarusMinistry of Natural Resources andEnvironmental Protection

CRIC,Rome, Italy,11-22 November 2002


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Current state conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”of UNCCD implementation

  • The Republic of Belarus is a Party of the UNCCD since 27 November 2001.

  • Interagency Task Force for implementation of the UNCCD consisting 21 members was established in December 2001

  • Plan of activities on the UNCCD implementation in Belarus includes 44 paragraphs that are organized in 5 sections:

    Institutional measures Scientific support Sectoral measures

    Information resources & monitoring Public awareness & education

  • The first point of the Plan of Activities: “Elaboration of National Action Program to Combat Land Degradation”


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Efficient management of treaties implementation conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

Management of treaties implementation

  • Belarus is a Party to 11 international environmental treaties (e.g. UNCBD, UNCCD, UNFCCC, Ramsar Convention, Vienna Convention on ozone layer protection, Montreal Protocol, ect.)

  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus is a National Coordinating Body for all environmental international treaties.


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National Strategy conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”on Sustainable Development

  • First National Strategy on Sustainable Development has been adopted by the Government in 1997 (up to the year 2010).

  • National Progress Report on Sustainable Development has been submitted in 2002 and presented at the WSSD in Johannesburg.

  • As the result second National Strategy on Sustainable Development is currently being developed for the period up to the year 2020.


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N conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

50 km

Chernobyl’s consequences

  • 23 % of Belarussian territory was contaminated (1.3 mln.ha of agricultural land and 1.6 mln.ha of forest)

  • 1/3 of the country’s population was exposed to the radioactive pollution


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Issue: conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

Drainage land - 16,4 % of the country area

more than 3,4 million ha

(including 1,2 mln. ha peatland)

Solution:

National Program for Conservation and Use of Drained Areas for 2000-2005

The core of the Program is restoration but not construction

Issue:

Arable land – 30 % of country area

(0,58 ha per capita)

Solution:

372 thousands ha. of arable land have been converted to forest and pasture in 2001-2002 and 700 thousands ha. of arable land to be converted by 2003-2004

Practical steps


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Three UN environmental conventions conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”


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Capacity building conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

GEF initiative:National Capacity Self Assessment for Global Environment Management

Project title:Self-assessment of the capacity building needs for global environmental management through implementation of Conventions on Biodiversity, Climate Change and Combating Desertification

Objective:National Report, Strategy and Action Plan will constitute the final National Capacity Self-Assessment Report based on the assessments within the three thematic areas of biodiversity, climate change and combating desertification

National Executing Agency:Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus


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Peatlands worldwide and in Belarus conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”


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Impact of drainage in Belarus conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

Degradation of peat layer

Declined groundwater table


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As a result: conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

Disappearance of vegetation associations, flora and fauna species

Drying out of smaller rivers and streams

Increased runoff of nutrients and subsequent eutrophication of water bodies

Shrinking area of fens

Increased soil erosion

Decreased amount of precipitation and general worsening of microclimate

Huge net CO2 emissions

Fires


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Which means: conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

ON-GOING LAND DEGRADATION

CLIMATE CHANGE

LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY

CONTINUED RADIOACTIVE CONTAMI-NATION

Accompanied by

“... Operational Program 12 is aimed at brining synergy between three of the GEF focal areas and land degradation to optimize multiple benefits…”

OP 12


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UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

Renaturalization and Sustainable Management of Degraded Peatlands in Belarus

PDF A Concept,

GEF Operational Program 12


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Project benefits conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

  • Cessation of soil erosion at the 14,000 ha of peatlands;

  • Renaturalization of 14,000 ha of carefully pre-selected fens, creating corridors with the existing natural fens will increase their area by 30 % and raise probability of extending populations of the globally threatened species (Aquatic Warbler, Great Snipe, Greater Spotted Eagle, Concrake);

  • Assuming each of the 14,000 ha of renaturalized fens ceases to emit CO2 by at least 7 tons per year, a total of 100,000 tons reduction in emission will be achieved annually;

  • Diminished risk of fires, especially critical for the Chernobyl-affected areas.


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Public awareness raising conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

Title:Global Environmental Conventions:

lessons from joint implementation in Belarus

Content:

  • 6 chapters with comments submitted by leading national experts:

    • UNCCD

    • UNFCCC

      • Kyoto Protocol

    • UNCBD

      • Cartagena Protocol

    • Ramsar convention on wetlands

  • Texts of the conventions and protocols


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To sum up: conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies”

  • Institutional capacity

  • Planning (National Plans & Strategies)

  • Concrete practical steps/sectoral measures

  • Pilot projects development & implementation

  • Information and awareness raising


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Thank you conventions and, as appropriate, with national development strategies” !


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