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Cosmic Scales. The Universe in a Year By Vincent Sapone. Overview. What would a yearly Calendar look like if the entire history of the Universe was compressed into one year? . Parameters. Actual Age of the Universe: 13.7 Billion Years Old. 1 Second on our Calendar equals 434.4 years.

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Cosmic Scales

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Cosmic scales l.jpg

Cosmic Scales

The Universe in a Year

By Vincent Sapone

by Vincent Sapone


Overview l.jpg

Overview

  • What would a yearly Calendar look like if the entire history of the Universe was compressed into one year?

by Vincent Sapone


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Parameters

Actual Age of the Universe:13.7 Billion Years Old

1 Second on our Calendar equals 434.4 years

by Vincent Sapone


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Your Birthday

  • 1 Day = 37,534,246.58 years

    Therefore, each of our Birthdays corresponds to a cosmic history of 37.5 million years.

    Did anything special happen on your birthday? Considering the large time span something must have happened, shouldn’t it?

by Vincent Sapone


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Final Questions

  • Before proceeding, think about this question to yourself: On what Calendar day will human history begin?

  • The next page has a hint 

by Vincent Sapone


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Human Life Range

  • Taking 75 years as the average life expectancy yields a time of 0.17 seconds for the life of an average human being.

by Vincent Sapone


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Calendar Days

  • January through June

by Vincent Sapone


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Difficulties

  • During this early period it is difficult to nail down precise dates.

  • In fact, usually a range is given. For instance, the study (WMAP) which suggests the universe is 13.7 billion years old that we are using has a plus/minus caveat of 200 million years (13.7 +/- 0.2 bya)

  • General estimates will be provided.

by Vincent Sapone


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In The Beginning

The Big Bang : January 1st at 12:00 AM

On this day the universe as we know it came to be; violently expanding outward in all directions.

by Vincent Sapone


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Origin of Milky Way (13.6 +/- .8 bya*)

  • January 3rd at about 4:00 PM marks the origin of our home galaxy.

    *Numbers are taken from the 2004 study which used the UV-Visual Echelle

    Spectrograph of the VLT to study Beryllium content in two stars of a globular

    cluster.

by Vincent Sapone


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Eons of time.

  • Lots of stuff happens within the coming months but the next really significant event we can speak of is our solar system’s formation.

by Vincent Sapone


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Solar Nebula

  • Modern theory tells us the sun and other objects within our solar system formed from a solar nebula about 4.6 billion years ago

by Vincent Sapone


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Earth’s Origin

  • Earth formed 9.1 billion yeas into our universe’s history. Roughly 242.5 days into our year.

by Vincent Sapone


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Earth

  • August 31th at about 12:00 PM marks the origin of our solar system and Earth.

by Vincent Sapone


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The Cosmos

  • The entire Cosmos is Here. All the galaxies, stars, planets and large scale matter//mass structures of the universe are in existence.

by Vincent Sapone


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Almost Home

  • Two Thirds of the History of the Universe has unfolded and all the life we know of today has not appeared in our solar system yet.

by Vincent Sapone


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Formation of Life

  • Life is most commonly thought to have formed on Earth some time about 3.8 billion years ago. That is 9.9 billion years into the universe’s history.

by Vincent Sapone


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Formation of Life

September 21th at just after 6 PM marks the formation of life on Earth.

by Vincent Sapone


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Goodbye Dinosaurs

  • The Dinosaurs went extinct about 65 million years ago. That is about 13,635,000,000 years into the universe’s existence.

by Vincent Sapone


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Dino-bite the dust..

  • They went extinct on Dec 30th sometime around 6 am.

by Vincent Sapone


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Human Civilization

  • Humans can go back millions of years depending on how you define us.

by Vincent Sapone


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Primates and Humans

  • Anatomically modern humans can be very roughly dated to the last 100,000 years.

by Vincent Sapone


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Percentage

  • Compared to the total history of the universe, the entire existence of man is only 100,000 out of 13,700,000,000 years.

by Vincent Sapone


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Of Men and Mice

  • That means the history of the universe is 137,000 times longer than the existence of all modern human civilization.

by Vincent Sapone


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100,000 Years Ago

  • That is 13,699,900,000 years into the universe’s existence.

by Vincent Sapone


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The Dawn of People

  • Humans arrived on December 31th at 11.56 pm.

by Vincent Sapone


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Perspective

  • Only 4 minutes are left of the entire history of the universe and modern humans have just arrived.

by Vincent Sapone


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Two Other Key Facts

  • For Perspective on “Important” Events in the History of the world look at the following two time periods:

by Vincent Sapone


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The United States of America

  • America has existed as its own nation for just over 230 years.

by Vincent Sapone


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Percentage Wise

  • The history of the universe is almost 60,000,000 times longer than the history of the United States.

by Vincent Sapone


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World History

  • On Cosmic Scales, our lives and the entire history of human civilization are nothing more than a fleeting dust particle in the sands of time.

by Vincent Sapone


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Humility

  • The sheer size, scope and age of the universe in which we live are very humbling.

by Vincent Sapone


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Guide to Key Dates

  • Jan. 1st 12.00 AM : Big Bang

  • Jan. 3rd 4.00 PM: Galaxy Forms

  • Aug. 31st 12.00 PM: Solar System

  • Sep. 21st 6.00 PM: First Life

  • Dec. 30th 6.00 AM: Dinosaurs

  • Dec. 31th 11:56 PM: Humans

by Vincent Sapone


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