Combating Over-the-Counter and Prescription Drug Abuse . Contents. Understanding medicine abuse The Problem Inside the Cough Medicine Abuse Subculture OTC Cough Medicine Abuse and the Internet Toolkit Tips on raising awareness in your community. Abuse of Rx and OTC Medicines.
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Recent studies indicate that the abuse of prescription (Rx) and over-the-counter cough medicines (OTCs) to get high is a concern—particularly among young people between the ages of 12-17.
Been Drunk—Annual Prevalence
Source: Monitoring the Future Study, 2008
Overview of the Problem Abuse
Source: Partnership Attitude Tracking Study (PATS), Teens 2008
Key Factors Driving Teen Medicine Abuse
Coricidin HBP Cough and Cold
PediaCare cough medicines
Robitussin cough medicines
Sudafed cough medicines
TheraFlu cough medicines
Triaminic cough syrups
Tylenol Cough and Cold medicines
Vicks 44 Cough Relief medicines
Vicks NyQuil and Dayquil medicines*
*certain productsSample of Products with DXM
Leading makers of OTC cough medicine have committed to include this icon on cough medicines containing dextromethorphan in an effort to raise awareness about the dangers of abuse among parents and in the retail setting.
Stomach pain, nausea, and vomiting
High blood pressure and rapid heart beat
Numbness of fingers and toes
Drowsiness and dizziness
Fever and headaches
Rashes and itchy skin
Loss of consciousnessThe “Lows”
Many web sites and online communities advocate and promote cough medicine abuseThe Internet
“Education is the most effective tool we have to fight substance abuse—including cough medicine abuse—at the community level.”
General Arthur T. Dean
CADCA Chairman and CEO
A Dose of Prevention Toolkit:
A Dose of Prevention substance abuse—including cough medicine abuse—at the community level.”: Toolkit available online in downloadable format and can be modified for local use