BACK AND OTHER MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURIES. CARE AND PREVENTION. STATISTICS. Almost 100% will suffer some musculoskeletal problem in their lifetime 80% of work-age persons have already experienced some back pain or discomfort 100 million work days lost annually
BACK AND OTHER MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURIES
CARE AND PREVENTION
Keep your spinal column aligned in its natural curves
To reduce stress on lower back rest one foot at a time
Keep work area at elbow level
Change (shift) your posture often
Keep your body flexible (not rigid or fixed)
Don’t force your body to conform to its workspace
Stretch your muscles and warm up before lifting?
Wear slip resistant shoes?
Clear a pathway before you move the item?
Visualize the move before you start.
Assess the situation
Is the load big, bulky, heavy?
Do you need help?
Remember, no single technique will work in all circumstances
Can You Slide It Instead of Lift It?
If needed, get help or assistance before lifting
Use proper equipment
- Hand trucks
- Dollies or carts
Re-adjust the load or your position before you lift
The safe lifting zone is between the knees and shoulders
Below knee level? Bend with your knees and lift with your legs
Above your shoulders? Use a stool or ladder
Plant your feet firmly - get a stable base
Bend the knees- not the waist
Tighten abdominal muscles to support your spine
Get a good grip- use both hands
Place hands on opposite corners for balance
Keep the load close to your body
Use your leg muscles as you lift
Keep your back upright, in its natural posture
Lift steadily and smoothly without jerking
Lift while reaching or stretching
Lift from an uncomfortable posture
Fight to recover a dropped object
Lift and twist at the same time
Design and carry out exercise protocol to fit body needs
Utilize stretch routine frequently to keep body flexible
Helps prevent injury
Do not overdo-- follow doctor’s instruction carefully