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Adapting- Learned Intelligence. WFSC 422 Ethology Presentation 2.1. Dr. Jane M. Packard, WFSC TAMU Changed behavior matches changed environment (FP). VIDEO. Concept Map- Adapting. What is intelligence?. Learning Problem-solving Communication Awareness.

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Adapting- Learned Intelligence

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Adapting learned intelligence l.jpg

Adapting- Learned Intelligence

WFSC 422 Ethology

Presentation 2.1

Dr. Jane M. Packard, WFSC TAMU

Changed behavior matches changed environment fp l.jpg

Changed behavior matches changed environment (FP)


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Concept Map- Adapting

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What is intelligence?

  • Learning

  • Problem-solving

  • Communication

  • Awareness

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Learning: Step 1- “bridging” associates clicker & reward


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Learning: Step 2 “targetting” associates stimulus & response


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click stimulus

give food reward

repeat until animal looks for food at the click

Click stimulus means food reward


present target stimulus

click when the animal is close to target

Give food reward

repeat until animal touches target

Target stimulus means food reward

CAUSE: Learning (external)

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CAUSE: learning (internal)



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Learning: adapt to short-term change

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Evolution of the Brain


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“Reptile Brain”

  • Limbic system- surrounded by the cortex

  • ancestral trait

    • primitive in fish

    • persisted in the rest of the vertebrates

  • seat of the emotions

    • activates motivational systems

    • associations of “good” and “bad”

  • similar- humans & other vertebrates

    • neural basis for learning via reward

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Behavior complexity

low- reptile

high- predator

highest- mammals that live long lives

Relative size of cortex

small- fish

aquatic environment

medium- reptile

evolved on land


largest- mammals

complexities of surviving the ice ages

UE: Comparative brain anatomy

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What is intelligence?

  • Learning

  • Problem-solving

  • Communication

  • Awareness

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Example: problem-solving

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CDEF: Problem-solving

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What is intelligence?

  • Learning

  • Problem-solving

  • Communication

  • Awareness

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Example: Communication

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CDEF: Communication

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What is intelligence?

  • Learning

  • Problem-solving

  • Communication

  • Awareness

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C: ape touches own forehead when it sees a painted dot in the mirror

F: those that were aware of their own body as distinct were better able to control effects of their actions on others

D: depends on previous experiences with mirrors

E: divergence- monkeys do not pass the mirror test, chimps, orangs, gorillas, humans do

CDEF: Awareness

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Learning: response changes in lifetime; ability over geologic time


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Fixed Instinct: no change

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Ultimate UE & UF

More ability to learn in larger cortex

Natural selection favored genotypes with more cortex in environments that changed more

Proximate PC & PD

Learning- (eg. kids)

problem-solving (e.g. raven)

Communication (e.g. parrot Alex)

Awareness (e.g. chimp mirror test)


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Action Items

  • Do answers for Q2.1, Q2.2

  • Search keywords “intelligence” "awareness“

    • Web of Science

    • Google Scholar

  • Post examples & sources on WebCT Discussion for Unit 2

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