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Cooperation and Competition in Development Regions. Andac Arikan Hans-Peter Brunner Jeroen Struben. Research Question. Countries or regions sometimes intend to attract companies to stimulate and develop their local-economy…

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cooperation and competition in development regions

Cooperation and Competition in Development Regions

Andac Arikan

Hans-Peter Brunner

Jeroen Struben

research question
Research Question

Countries or regions sometimes intend to attract companies to stimulate and develop their local-economy…

“How do different local and non-local companies interact with each other and with their environment; what are parameters of interest for understanding spatial dynamics, patterns of emergence and stability?”

modeling approach
Modeling Approach

Highly stylized CA model (400 cells) - main characteristics:

  • Entities A (non-locals) & B (locals)
  • States of cells (A, B, X=Empty)
  • Regional influence: NN; +/- Feedback through activation or inhibition (JAA, JAB, JBA, JBB)
  • Non-homogeneity in regional attractiveness (HH, HM, HL, H0)
basic concept
Basic Concept
  • Part of total equation projected:
    • Forces acting on non-local corporations
base case intratype competition no cooperation
Base-case: intratype competition; no cooperation

Typical behavior:

  • Disordered patterns of isolated corporations
  • Stability
intertype cooperation and intratype competition
Intertype cooperation and intratype competition
  • Local stability surrounded by strongly oscillating regions
  • Note: artifact of 1 timescale
intertype cooperation and local competition
Intertype cooperation and local competition

Typical behavior:

  • Emergence of clusters (embedded non-local corporations), mainly at boundary
  • Stability
  • Initial conditions matter (especially in terms of abundance of local corporations!)
intertype cooperation and local competition in a development region
Intertype cooperation and local competition in a development region

Typical behavior:

  • Emergence of a large development cluster (embedded non-local corporations)
  • Stability
intratype cooperation and intertype competition
Intratype cooperation and intertype competition

Typical behavior:

  • Emergence isolated and separated islands of types
  • Stability
intratype cooperation and intertype competition in asymmetric landscape
Intratype cooperation and intertype competition, in asymmetric landscape

Typical behavior:

  • Emergence of a interaction patterns in attractive region, followed by strict separation in less attractive region
  • Stability
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