Cooperation and competition in development regions
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Cooperation and Competition in Development Regions. Andac Arikan Hans-Peter Brunner Jeroen Struben. Research Question. Countries or regions sometimes intend to attract companies to stimulate and develop their local-economy…

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Cooperation and Competition in Development Regions

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Cooperation and competition in development regions

Cooperation and Competition in Development Regions

Andac Arikan

Hans-Peter Brunner

Jeroen Struben


Research question

Research Question

Countries or regions sometimes intend to attract companies to stimulate and develop their local-economy…

“How do different local and non-local companies interact with each other and with their environment; what are parameters of interest for understanding spatial dynamics, patterns of emergence and stability?”


Modeling approach

Modeling Approach

Highly stylized CA model (400 cells) - main characteristics:

  • Entities A (non-locals) & B (locals)

  • States of cells (A, B, X=Empty)

  • Regional influence: NN; +/- Feedback through activation or inhibition (JAA, JAB, JBA, JBB)

  • Non-homogeneity in regional attractiveness (HH, HM, HL, H0)


Basic concept

Basic Concept

  • Part of total equation projected:

    • Forces acting on non-local corporations


Base case intratype competition no cooperation

Base-case: intratype competition; no cooperation

Typical behavior:

  • Disordered patterns of isolated corporations

  • Stability


Intertype cooperation and intratype competition

Intertype cooperation and intratype competition

  • Local stability surrounded by strongly oscillating regions

  • Note: artifact of 1 timescale


Intertype cooperation and local competition

Intertype cooperation and local competition

Typical behavior:

  • Emergence of clusters (embedded non-local corporations), mainly at boundary

  • Stability

  • Initial conditions matter (especially in terms of abundance of local corporations!)


Intertype cooperation and local competition in a development region

Intertype cooperation and local competition in a development region

Typical behavior:

  • Emergence of a large development cluster (embedded non-local corporations)

  • Stability


Intratype cooperation and intertype competition

Intratype cooperation and intertype competition

Typical behavior:

  • Emergence isolated and separated islands of types

  • Stability


Intratype cooperation and intertype competition in asymmetric landscape

Intratype cooperation and intertype competition, in asymmetric landscape

Typical behavior:

  • Emergence of a interaction patterns in attractive region, followed by strict separation in less attractive region

  • Stability


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