Eighteenth Century Colonial America. Diversity. Colonial population 2,640,000 48% English (Anglican, Puritan, Catholic, Protestant) 20% African 11% Scotch-Irish (Northern) Protestant 8% German ( Menonite , Lutheran) 5% Dutch (Reformed, other Protestant) 3% Irish (Southern) Catholic
1741 Jonathan Edwards preached his famous message “Sinners in the hands of an angry God” ...thousands were born again.
When the colonists heard of Whitfield’s revivals in England, they eagerly longed to hear him as well. During 1739-1741, Whitfield toured the colonies from Maine to Georgia.
“I had in my pocket a handful of copper money, three or four silver dollars and five pistoles in gold. As he proceeded, I began to soften, and concluded to give the coppers. Another stroke of his oratory made me ashamed of that, and determined me to give the silver; and he finished so admirably, that I emptied my pocket wholly into the collector’s dish, gold and all.”
Franklin so applauded Whitfield’s work in America, that he became one of his most avid supporters attributing Whitfield’s messages as the single most important reason for the improved morals of Philadelphia’s common people.
The Separates and the Baptists took seriously the spiritual equality of all awakened people.
8 mos later, Waller found himself in prison with Craig, accused of disturbing peace
Coming to the defense of the Baptist preachers was the famed patriot-lawyer Patrick Henry
“It cannot be emphasized too strongly or too often that this great nation was founded, not be religionists, but by Christians; not on religions, but on the Gospel of Jesus Christ. For this very reason peoples of other faiths have been afforded asylum, prosperity, and freedom of worship here.” Patrick Henry
As in Acts 6:7, “the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied.”
Independent Baptists were not alone reaping a harvest during the Great Awakening
Britain and Prussian allies fought against everyone else: Spain, France, Sweden, Russia, Austria, Hungary
In Fall of 1753, Major George Washington of Virginia Militia was commissioned by Governor Dinwiddie in Williamsburg to carry a message