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Drugs . 7 th and 8 th grade health. Stimulants. Definition: drugs that speed up your nervous system Examples: caffeine, nicotine, amphetamines, speed, crack, cocaine. Effects of Stimulant Use. Heart beats faster than normal High blood pressure Very active Nervousness Trembling

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Drugs

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Drugs

7th and 8th grade health


Stimulants

  • Definition: drugs that speed up your nervous system

  • Examples: caffeine, nicotine, amphetamines, speed, crack, cocaine


Effects of Stimulant Use

  • Heart beats faster than normal

  • High blood pressure

  • Very active

  • Nervousness

  • Trembling

  • Restless

  • Trouble sleeping

  • Tense

  • Irritable


Depressant Drugs

  • Definition: drugs that slow down the nervous system.

  • Examples: Alcohol, tranquilizers, barbiturates


Effects of Depressant Use

  • Slows down reaction time

  • Slows down breathing

  • Poor memory

  • Headache

  • Slurred speech

  • Nausea and vomiting


Narcotics

  • Definition: drugs that stop the brain from sensing pain. They also slow down brain activity.

  • Examples: codeine, morphine, heroin


Effects of Narcotic Use

  • Drowsiness

  • Constricted pupils

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Difficulty breathing

  • Slows down brain activity and heart rate


Hallucinogens

  • Definition: drugs that change the way a person senses things. People see things that are not real.

  • Examples: LSD, PCP, Certain kinds of mushrooms, ecstasy


Effects of Hallucinogens

  • Hallucinations

  • Anxiety

  • Withdrawal from people

  • Flashbacks- can happen hours or years after taking the drug


Cannabis Drugs

  • Definition: Drugs from the hemp plant known as Cannabis Sativa; active ingredient is Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC

  • Examples: Marijuana, hashish


Effects of cannabis drugs

  • Disoriented behavior

  • Laziness

  • Poor concentration

  • Increased appetite

  • Altered sense of timing

  • Panic attacks


Inhalants

  • Definition: household chemicals that people breathe in to get high

  • Examples: gas fumes, solvents


Effects of inhalants

  • Dizziness

  • Lightheaded

  • Giddiness

  • Impaired coordination

  • Headache

  • Distorts senses

  • Slurred speech

  • Nausea

  • Rapid pulse

  • Disoriented

  • Unpredictable

Long term effects: damage to brain cells, liver, kidneys, organs, heart rhythm, hearing, vision, muscles


Dear Abby,

I am very concerned about my friend Sue. She told me that she smoked weed with her older brother. First of all, what is weed? Is it legal? What are the effects? What should I do if she tries to ask me to try it with her? I am very upset and confused. Please tell me everything I need to know.

Your Friend,

Confused


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