Panel 1 enhancing the logistics and connectivity of the caribbean
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Panel 1 ENHANCING THE LOGISTICS AND CONNECTIVITY OF THE CARIBBEAN. Ede Ijjasz -Vasquez Director Sustainable Development Department Latin America and the Caribbean The World Bank. Caribbean Growth Forum Regional Workshop June 24-25, 2013 Nassau, The Bahamas.

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Panel 1 ENHANCING THE LOGISTICS AND CONNECTIVITY OF THE CARIBBEAN

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Panel 1 enhancing the logistics and connectivity of the caribbean

Panel 1ENHANCING THE LOGISTICS AND CONNECTIVITY OF THE CARIBBEAN

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez

Director Sustainable Development Department

Latin America and the Caribbean

The World Bank

Caribbean Growth Forum Regional Workshop

June 24-25, 2013 Nassau, The Bahamas


Underdevelopment of stay over tourism presents a growth and development opportunity

Underdevelopment of Stay-Over Tourism Presents a Growth and Development Opportunity

  • An average cruise-ship passenger spends US$50/stay

  • An average stay-over tourist spends over US$1,000/stay

  • Stay-over tourism has direct impact on local economy:

    • higher demand of traditional crops, fresh produce, fish and seafood, and services

Source: “Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity”, World Bank (2013)


Panel 1 enhancing the logistics and connectivity of the caribbean

Connectivity Limits Tourism and Regional Integration

St. Kitts

Antigua

Flight Route: 824 km

Nevis

A North South Gap:

Flying from Grenada to Antigua

  • No direct flights

  • The simplest option takes three separate flights

  • Physical direct distance 567 km

  • Flight distance 824 km (most direct connection)

  • The connections shown may include overnight layovers

Montserrat

Guadeloupe

355 km

Dominica

Martinique

Physical Distance: 567 km

St. Lucia GFL Charles

St. Lucia Hewanorra

193 km

St. Vincent

Barbados

Canouan

276 km

Grenada

Tobago

Trinidad

Based on sample taken on November 30, 2012, attempting to book travel on December 5, 2012.

Source: “Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity”, World Bank (2013)


Panel 1 enhancing the logistics and connectivity of the caribbean

System coordination is a constraint,

air transport infrastructure is not

OECS Intercontinental Air Transport System

  • System Reflects a systems based predominantly on inefficient bilateral tourism agreements rather than OECS/ Caribbean regional agreements

Source: “Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity”, World Bank (2013)


Import costs are a constraint maritime infrastructure is n ot

Import Costs are a Constraint, Maritime Infrastructure is not

  • Transaction time to import below peer averages while costs among the largest

  • Customs inefficiencies are driving imports costs

Source: “Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity”, World Bank (2013)


Inland transport emerging c onstraint to exports

Inland Transport Emerging Constraint to Exports

  • Improving connectivity passes through improving multi-modality within each island

  • Quality of roads might be an issue as within island distances are very short

  • Inland transport is driving export costs:

Source: “Connectivity for the OECS Countries: The Initial Step for an Assessment of the Caribbean Connectivity”, World Bank (2013)


Key connectivity issues

Fixed Broadband Penetration Gap

Upper Middle Income countries vs. Small Caribbean States (2001 – 2011)

Key Connectivity Issues

Upper Middle Income

9.87

The gap has increased during last five years

6.44

Small Caribbean States

Source: data.worldbank.org


Panel 1 enhancing the logistics and connectivity of the caribbean

Fixed Internet Broadband Subscribers (per 100 people)

Broadband and Internet usage can be strengthened

Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)

Internet Users (per 100 people)


Low use of ict services due to high prices competition is limited

Fixed-broadband sub-basket

% of GNI per capita (2011)

Mobile-cellular sub-basket

% of GNI per capita (2011)

Low use of ICT services due to high prices (competition is limited)

Mobile telephony market share, 2011

Fixed broadband market share, 2011

Source: ITU Measuring the Information Society 2011, and Telegeography


A snapshot of ict

A Snapshot of ICT


Ict solutions for caribbean challenges

ICT Solutions for Caribbean Challenges

National Initiatives

  • Ensure the right legal and regulatory environment (pro-competition and cost sharing/reducing)

  • Broadband absorption capacity: training, IT Skills, innovation activities

  • Universal access / Universal service

  • Promote opening government data sets to increase transparency and create new economic value

  • Relevant applications and innovation ecosystems to foster demand and jobs growth (youth and gender focus)

    Regional Initiatives

  • Regional harmonization and coordination of policy and regulatory initiatives

  • Continue with CARCIP in countries that are interested

  • Regional integrated approach towards broadband that includes supply and demand


Panel 1 enhancing the logistics and connectivity of the caribbean

Let’s have a look at the Key Logistics and Connectivity Solutions identified by the CGF stakeholders


Introducing the panelists

INTRODUCING THE PANELISTS


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