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JAR-OPS 1 Course Lecture 10. Lecture 10. Subpart N Flight Crew Subpart O Cabin Crew. SUBPART N. Flight Crew. SUB PART N. JAR-OPS 1/3.940. Composition of Flight Crew. Composition and number of flight crew members are in compliance with AFM

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JAR-OPS 1 Course Lecture 10

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Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

JAR-OPS 1 Course

Lecture 10


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

Lecture 10

  • Subpart N

    • Flight Crew

  • Subpart O

    • Cabin Crew


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUBPART N

Flight Crew


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

JAR-OPS 1/3.940

Composition of Flight Crew

  • Composition and number of flight crew members are in compliance with AFM

  • Additional flight crew when required by the type of operations are specified in AOM

  • Procedures are established to prevent the crewing together of inexperienced flight crew members


Jar ops 1 940

Type of aeroplane

Minimum flight crew

  • All turbo-propeller aeroplanes with

    MAPSC > 9

  • All turbojet aeroplanes

2 pilots

1 pilot if requirements of Appendix 2 to JAR-OPS 1.940 are satisfied

  • All other aeroplanes

JAR-OPS 1.940

SUB PART N

Composition of Flight Crew

For operations under IFR or at night, an operator shall ensure that:


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

Type of operation

Minimum flight crew

  • under IFR using helicopter

    with MAPSC > 9

  • helicopter with MAPSC > 19

2 pilots(commander holds helicopter ATPL)

1 pilotprovided requirements of annex 1 to JAR-OPS 3.940 are satisfied

  • other helicopters operations

SUB PART N

JAR-OPS 3.940 (b)

Minimum Flight Crew

  • Not less than specified in AFM


Appendix to jar ops 1 940

Appendix to JAR-OPS 1.940

SUB PART N

  • A flight crew member may be relieved inflight of his duties at the controls by another suitablyqualified flight crew member.

  • Relief of the Commander:

    The commander may delegateconduct of the flight to:

    • Another qualified commander;or

    • For operations only aboveFL200, a pilot qualified asdetailed in subparagraph(c) below (next slide)

In-flight relief of flight crew members


Jar ops 1 9401

JAR-OPS 1.940

SUB PART N

(c)Minimum requirements for a pilot relievingthe commander:

  • Valid Airline Transport Pilot Licence

  • Conversion training and checking (including Type Rating training) as prescribed in JAR–OPS 1.945

  • All recurrent training and checking as prescribed in JAR–OPS 1.965 and JAR-OPS 1.968 and

  • Route competence qualification as prescribed in JAR–OPS 1.975

    (For relief of the co-pilot see Appendix 1 JAR-OPS 1.940 (d))

In-flight relief of flight crew members (cont.)


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

JAR-OPS 1.943

Crew Resource Management (CRM)

Prior to the introduction of CRM skills assessment:

  • detailed description of the CRM methodology including terminology used

  • acceptable to the Authority

  • published in Operations Manual

  • Operators should establish procedures to be applied in the event that personnel do not achieve or maintain the required standards


Amc ops 1 945 a 9

AMC OPS 1.945(a)(9)

SUB PART N

The conversion course should include:

  • training in the use and knowledge of automation

  • flight crew member receives training on:

    • The application of the operations policy concerning the use of automation as stated in the Operations Manual, and

    • System and human limitations associated with the use of automation

CRM Use of Automation


Amc ops 1 945 a 91

AMC OPS 1.945(a)(9)

SUB PART N

Objective of the training:

  • Provide appropriate knowledge, skills and behavioural patterns

    for managing and operating automated systems

  • Special attention should be given to how automation increases

    the need for crews to have common understanding of the way

    in which the system performs, and any features of automation

    which make this understanding difficult

CRM Use of Automation


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

AMC OPS 1/3.945

  • Type rating training may be conducted separately or as part of conversion training

  • Operator’s conversion course shall include:

    • Ground training

    • Emergency and safety equipment training

    • Aeroplane training (STD) and checking

    • Line flying under supervision and line check

    • Elements of CRM shall be conducted

Conversion Course Syllabus


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

AMC OPS 1.965(d)

Emergency and Safety equipment training should include joint practice in aeroplane evacuations so that all who are involved are aware of the duties other crew members should perform.

When such practice is not possible, combined flight crew and cabin crew training should include joint discussion of emergency scenarios

Emergency and Safety Equipment Training


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

AMC OPS 1.965(d)

Emergency and Safety Equipment training should, as far as is practicable, take place in conjunction with cabin crew undergoing similar training with emphasis on co-ordinated procedures and two-way communication between the flight deck and the cabin

Emergency and Safety Equipment Training


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

AMC OPS 3.965(d)

Where life-rafts are fitted for extended over water operations a comprehensive wet drill to cover all ditching procedures should be practiced by aircraft crew:

  • Actual donning and inflation of a life-jacket

  • Demonstration of the inflation of life-rafts

  • Use of all survival equipment

Water Survival Training


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

AMC to Appendix 1 to JAR-OPS 1.965

Pilot incapacitation training

  • Procedures should be established to train flight crew to recognise and handle pilot incapacitation

    -This training should be conducted every year and can form part of other recurrent training

    -It should take the form of classroom instruction, discussion or video or other similar means

    2. If a Flight Simulator is available for the type of

    aeroplane operated, practical training on pilot incapacitation should be carried out at intervals not exceeding 3 years


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

IEM OPS 1/3.965

  • Line checks, route and aerodrome competency and recent experience requirements are intended to ensure the crew member’s ability to operate efficiently under normal conditions

  • The line check is performed in the aeroplane

Recurrent training and checking


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

IEM OPS 1/3.965

  • Line checks. The line check is considered a particularly important factor in the development, maintenance and refinement of high operating standards

  • Proficiency Training and Checking. When an STD is used, the opportunity should be taken, where possible, to use Line Oriented Flying Training

Recurrent training and checking (cont.)


Jar ops 1 968

JAR-OPS 1.968

SUB PART N

1. A pilot who may be assigned to operate in either pilots

seat completes appropriate training and checking

2. The training and checking programme is specified in the Operations Manual and is acceptable to the authority

Pilot qualification to operate in either pilot’s seat

An operator shall ensure that:


Jar ops 1 981

JAR-OPS 1.981

SUB PART N

When a flight crew member operates both helicopters and aeroplanes:

  • An operator shall ensure that operations of helicopter and

    aeroplane are limited to one type each

  • The operator shall specify appropriate procedures and/or operational restrictions, approved by the authority, in the

    Operations Manual

Operation of helicopters and aeroplanes


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

JAR-OPS 1/3.985

An operator shall:

  • Maintain records of all training checking and qualification prescribed in JAR-OPS 1.945, 1.955, 1.965, 1.968 and 1.975 undertaken by a flight crew member; and

  • Make the records of all conversion courses and recurrent training and checking available, on request, to the flight crew member concerned

Training records


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART N

IEM OPS 1/3.985

A summary of training should be maintained by the operator to show a flight crew member’s completion of each stage of training and checking.-

Training records


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUBPART 0

Cabin Crew


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART O

JAR-OPS 1/3.988

Applicability

An operator shall ensure that all crew members, other that flight crew members, assigned by the operator to duties in the passenger compartment of an aeroplane, comply with the requirements of this Subpart except for additional crew members solely assigned to specialist duties


Additional crew members assigned to specialist duties

Additional crew members assigned to specialist duties

SUB PART O

JAR-OPS 1.988

The additional crew members solely assigned to specialist duties to whom the requirements of Subpart O, are not applicable include the following:

  • Child minders/escorts

  • Entertainers

  • Ground engineers

  • Interpreters

  • Medical personnel

  • Secretaries

  • Security staff


Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

SUB PART O

JAR-OPS 1.990

Number and Composition of cabin crew

  • If the MAPSC is 20 or more, and at least one passenger is carried:

    • ONE for every 50 (or fraction of 50) seats installed on each deck; or

    • The number who participated in the evacuation demonstration; or

    • A number specified by the Authority

  • Whichever is the greatest


  • Jar ops 1 3 995

    JAR-OPS 1/3.995

    SUB PART O

    (1) Is at least 18 years of age;

    • Has passed an initial medicalexamination or assessment and is found medicallyfit to dischargethe dutiesspecified in theOperations Manual(See AMC OPS 1.995(a)(2));

    • Remains medically fit to dischargethe duties specified in the Operations Manual

    Minimum requirements

    • An operator shall ensure that each cabincrew member:


    Jarops 1 3 995

    JAROPS 1/3.995

    SUB PART O

    (b) An operator shall ensure:

    • thateach cabincrew memberiscompetent to performhis duties inaccordance with procedures specifiedin theOperations Manual

    Minimum requirements


    Jar ops 1 3 1005

    JAR-OPS 1/3.1005

    SUB PART O

    • An operator shall ensure that each cabin crew member

      successfully completes initial training

    • The training programme must be approved by the Authority, in accordance with Appendix 1 to JAR-OPS 1.1005, and the

      checking prescribed in JAR-OPS 1.1025 before undertaking

      conversion training

    Initial training

    (See Appendix 1 to JAR-OPS 1.1005)

    (See IEM OPS 1.1005/1.1010/1.1015/1.1020)


    Iem to appendix 1 to jar ops 1 1005 1 1015

    IEM to Appendix 1 to JAR-OPS 1.1005/1.1015

    SUB PART O

    • The nature of operations as well as the associated crew operating procedures and areas of operations which produce particular difficulties.

      Adverse climatological conditions and unusual hazards

      should also be addressed

    Crew Resource Management Training

    Crew Resource Management training should include:


    Jar ops 1 1005 1 1015

    JAR-OPS 1.1005/1.1015

    SUB PART O

    IEM to Appendix 1 to JAR-OPS 1.1005/1.1015

    • Awareness of flight crew management of various emergency situations and consequential effects on the operation of the aeroplanes and

    • Where practicable, the participation of the senior cabin crew member in flight simulator Line Orientated Flying Training exercises

    Crew Resource Management Training (cont.)


    Jar ops 1 1005 1 1010 1 1015 1 1020

    JAR-OPS 1.1005/1.1010/1.1015/1.1020

    SUB PART O

    Training may include the use of mock-up facilities,video presentations, computer based training and othertypes of training

    A reasonable balance between thedifferent training methods should be achieved

    Training Methods


    Jar ops 1 3 1012

    JAR-OPS 1/3.1012

    SUB PART O

    An operator shall ensure that:

    • following completion of conversion training, each cabin crew member undertakes familiarisation prior to operating as one of the minimum number of cabin crew required by JAR-OPS 1.990

    Familiarisation


    Jar ops 1 3 1015

    JAR-OPS 1/3.1015

    SUB PART O

    An operator shall ensure:

    • that each cabin crew member undergoes recurrent training, covering the actions assigned to each crew member in normal and emergency procedures and drills relevant to the type (s) and/or variant (s) of aeroplane on which they operate in accordance with Appendix 1 to JAR-OPS 1.1015

    Recurrent training

    (See Appendix 1 to JAR-OPS 1.1015 and IEM OPS 1.1015)

    (See IEM OPS 1.1005/ 1.1010/1.1015/1.1020)


    Jar ops 1 3 10151

    JAR-OPS 1/3.1015

    SUB PART O

    (b)An operator shall ensure that the recurrent training and checking programme, approved by the Authority, includes theoretical and practical instruction, together with individual practice, as prescribed in Appendix 1 to JAR-OPS 1.1015

    (c)The period of validity of recurrent training and the associated checking required by JAR-OPS 1.1025 shall be 12 calendar months in addition to the remainder of the month of issue. If issued within the final 3 calendar months of validity of a previous check, the period of validity shall extend from the date of issue until 12 calendar months from the expiry date of that previous check

    Recurrent training


    Jar ops 1 3 1035

    JAR-OPS 1/3.1035

    SUB PART O

    An operator shall:

    • Maintain records of all training andcheckingrequired by JAR-OPS 1.1005, 1.1010,1.1015, 1.1020 and1.1025; and

    • Make the records of all initial,conversionandrecurrent training and checkingavailable,on request, to the cabin crew memberconcerned

    Training


    Jar ops 1 course lecture 10

    Any Questions?...

    End of Lecture 10


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