Economics of Conflict and Peace. Topic 4. The Political Economy of War and Peace: Selected Case Studies. Colombia. The Colombian conflict began in the early 1960s; Politico-ideological contest over state power and socio-economic governance between guerilla groups and central government;
Topic 4. The Political Economy of War and Peace: Selected Case Studies
1) The signing of the Dayton Accord in 1995;
2) State collapse in Albania in 1997.
In your reader: Rubin R. Barlett. The Political Economy of War and Peace in Afghanistan
Criminal component of war in Bosnia: usage of smuggling networks and criminal actors to create and sustain the material base for warfare; access to supplies and involvement of quasi-private criminal actors as combatants;
Criminal actors are decisive in military conflict outbreak, longevity and outcome;
Criminality and private predation does not simply trump politics in wartime, but rather interacts with it in complex ways;
Many aspects of criminalized conflict are state sponsored and direct serve political interests;
For the Saraevo government the initial heave dependence on criminal combatants was more a survival strategy, providing a desperately needed substitute for a regular military force before a formal army with an operational command structure was fully in place.
In your reader: Andreas Peter. The Clandestine Political Economy of war and Peace in Bosnia. International Studies Quarterly, 2004
Economic factors can shape the cause, duration and character of armed intra-state conflict.
Causes of conflict:
Combatant access to lucrative economic resources has important impacts on the duration of civil conflict: access to resources contribute to protracted warfare:
The policies of curtailing resources flows to insurgent groups are unlikely to have a decisive impact.