Sexually coercive adolescents: incidence, risk factors and outcome. Cecilia Kjellgren Lic SW, PhD Cand Lund University. Adolescent sexual offenders. Aged 12-17 Females and males In Sweden - 15 years age of criminal responsibility.
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Sexually coercive adolescents:incidence, risk factors and outcome
Lic SW, PhD Cand
02 - .07 %
.07 - .14 %
.15 - .26 %
.26 - .91 %
Distribution -incidence rates in Sweden
more likely grooming behaviour
often social isolation
other criminal behaviour unusual
more likely rape
other criminal behaviour present
Subjects were divided into three groups;
Sexually coercive behavior group (SEX)
Subject endorsed ”ever talked someone into, used pressure or forced somebody to masturbate you, to have sexual intercourse, oral sex or anal sex”
Non-sex conduct problem group (CP)
Subject endorsed ≥3 of ”ever violent conflict with teacher, ever theft of >85 £ worth, ever burglary, ever stolen car or mc, frequently truant (≥5 times), ever away from home whole night without parents knowing where”
Both general criminogenic and sexuality-specific risk factors were related to self-reported sexually coercive behaviour among boys and girls
General correlates to conduct-disordered behaviour (including sexually abusive behaviour) in boys were; lower parental socio-economic position, separated parents, non-majority ethnicity, and being in non-theoretical study programmes.
For both boys and girls, aggressiveness and risk taking, frequent alcohol consumption, use of cannabis and harder drugs (particularly in girls) were general correlates to conduct-disordered behaviour.
For both boys and girls, risk factors related more specifically to sexually coercive behavior, as compared to non-sex conduct problems, were: being a victim of sexual abuse (boys only), feeling sexual lust almost all the time, using porn almost daily, and endorsing more rape myths.
Sexually coercive girls tended to have fewer general correlates to conduct-disordered behavior (e.g. poorer socio-economic position, separated parents, non-majority ethnicity, non-theoretical programmes) than did sexually coercive boys
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25 risk factors that fall into 5 categories,
Review of factors associated with criminal recidivism in adolescents who have offended sexually. Supported, promising, possible, and unlikely risk factorsWorling & Långström, 2003