What is biotechnology
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What Is Biotechnology?!? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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What Is Biotechnology?!?. Biotechnology :. The manipulation of any living system for the purpose of producing a useful product or solving a problem. Definition Continued:. Multidisciplinary science with many powerful applications and great potential for future discoveries.

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What Is Biotechnology?!?

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What is biotechnology

What Is Biotechnology?!?


Biotechnology

Biotechnology:

  • The manipulation of any living system for the purpose of producing a useful product or solving a problem.


Definition continued

Definition Continued:

  • Multidisciplinary science with many powerful applications and great potential for future discoveries


Brief biotech history

Brief Biotech History

8000 BC

Humans domesticate crops and livestock (trait selection)

4000 BC

Yeast used to brew beer & make bread


Biotech history cont

Biotech History Cont.

100 AD

First insecticide-Powdered Chrysanthemums

1590-1675

Cells Discovered


Biotech history cont1

Biotech History Cont.

1830

Proteins & Enzymes Discovered

1835

Cell Theory


Biotech history cont2

Biotech History Cont.

1857

Pasteur proposed microbes cause fermentation

1865

Mendel & His Peas

(cross-breeding)


Biotech history cont3

Biotech History Cont.

1919

Word “biotechnology” first seen in print

1928

Penicillin Discovered

Biotechnology


Biotech history cont4

Biotech History Cont.

1930

Plant breeding patented

1953

Watson & Crick’s Double Helix


Biotech history cont5

Biotech History Cont.

1961

1st biopesticide registered

(Bt-bacillus thuringiensis)

1963

New wheat varieties increase yields by 70%!!!


Biotech history cont6

Biotech History Cont.

1970s

1st restriction enzyme used to cut DNA

1st complete synthesis of a gene

Recombinant DNA or rDNA

DNA sequencing

Guidelines for recombinant DNA

Recombinant DNA-artificially splicing pieces of DNA together, usually using specialized enzymes, a necessary step for genetic engineering

DNA Sequencing-laboratory technique for determining the nucleotide sequence (ATGC) or arrangement in a segment of DNA


Biotech history cont7

Biotech History Cont.

1980

Oil-eating microorganisms patented by Exxon

1982

1st Biotech Drug Approved=

Human Insulin from GM Bacteria


Biotech history cont8

Biotech History Cont.

1986

1st GE Vaccine-Hepatitis B

1st GE Anti-Cancer Drug-Interferon

1987

Field Tests Start-GE Foods

1990

Bt Corn

Human Genome Project Started

Chymosin (biotech substance) approved for cheese


Biotech history cont9

Biotech History Cont.

1993

BIO formed=Biotechnology Industry Organization

Bovine Somatotropin approved to increase

milk production

1994

1st GE Whole Food Approved

FlavrSavr Tomato


Biotech history cont10

Biotech History Cont.

1996-7

1st weed & insect resistant crops for sale

Hello Dolly! 1st cloned animal in Scotland


Biotech history cont11

Biotech History Cont.

2000

“Golden Rice” technology available for developing countries

2001

First complete map of genome-Rice

Human Genome Draft published


Biotech history cont12

Biotech History Cont.

2003

YieldGuard Plus corn-fights both corn borer & rootworm

2004

GM Pet-GloFish

DNA-based product tracing

system for pork and beef


Only the beginning

ONLY THE BEGINNING….


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