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Paradigm Change. Core Concept. Definition. A set of rules and regulations (written or unwritten) that does two things: Establishes or defines boundaries; and Tells how to behave inside the boundaries in order to be successful (Arthur Baker in Future Edge: Discovering New Paradigms).

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Paradigm change

Paradigm Change

Core Concept


Definition
Definition

  • A set of rules and regulations (written or unwritten) that does two things:

    • Establishes or defines boundaries; and

    • Tells how to behave inside the boundaries in order to be successful

      • (Arthur Baker in Future Edge: Discovering New Paradigms)


Other definitions
Other definitions

  • Paradigm is fundamental image of the subject matter within a science. It serves to define

    • What should be studied,

    • What should be asked,

    • What rules should be followed in interpreting the answers obtained


Thomas kuhn
Thomas Kuhn

  • A paradigm is a worldview or a vision of reality

  • It is how we see things. For e.g.

    • America has a constitution

    • The supreme court can interpret the constitution

    • America is ruled by government

    • America is a democracy


Similar concepts
Similar concepts

  • Michel Foucault used the terms episteme and discourse, mathesis and taxinomia, for aspects of a "paradigm" in Kuhn's original sense


The structure of scientific revolutions
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

  • Account of history of science

  • Science is also Socially constructed

  • Kuhn argued that science is a series of peaceful interludes punctuated by intellectually violent revolutions

  • It differed with Karl Popper’s view of theory-testing through falsification


Paradigm addiction
Paradigm Addiction

  • The total pattern of perceiving, conceptualizing, acting, validating, and valuing associated with a particular image of reality that prevails in a science of a branch of science

  • E.g.

    • Communist philosophy

    • Capitalist ideology


What is a paradigm shift
What is a paradigm shift

  • When anomalies or inconsistencies arise within a given paradigm and present problems that we are unable to solve within a given paradigm, our view of the reality must change

  • We must take on new assumptions and expectations that will transform our theories, traditions, rules, and standards of practice


Invisible colleges
Invisible colleges

  • Is a group of peers, typically from different disciplines and with different viewpoints, who band together round a shared interest.

  • First used by Robert Boyle in 1649


Invisible colleges1
Invisible colleges

  • They are required for developing a new idea or innovation

  • Required to bring about a paradigm change

  • Required to develop a new innovation

  • Required to diffuse a simple idea


Exercise
Exercise

  • Identify existing Paradigms/dogmas and find an example of how it is constructed and displayed in the field of

    • Handling the drug trafficking problem

    • Tackling HIV/AIDS situation

    • Tackling global poverty

    • Handling climate change problem


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