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Paradigm Change. Core Concept. Definition. A set of rules and regulations (written or unwritten) that does two things: Establishes or defines boundaries; and Tells how to behave inside the boundaries in order to be successful (Arthur Baker in Future Edge: Discovering New Paradigms).

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paradigm change

Paradigm Change

Core Concept

definition
Definition
  • A set of rules and regulations (written or unwritten) that does two things:
    • Establishes or defines boundaries; and
    • Tells how to behave inside the boundaries in order to be successful
          • (Arthur Baker in Future Edge: Discovering New Paradigms)
other definitions
Other definitions
  • Paradigm is fundamental image of the subject matter within a science. It serves to define
    • What should be studied,
    • What should be asked,
    • What rules should be followed in interpreting the answers obtained
thomas kuhn
Thomas Kuhn
  • A paradigm is a worldview or a vision of reality
  • It is how we see things. For e.g.
    • America has a constitution
    • The supreme court can interpret the constitution
    • America is ruled by government
    • America is a democracy
similar concepts
Similar concepts
  • Michel Foucault used the terms episteme and discourse, mathesis and taxinomia, for aspects of a "paradigm" in Kuhn\'s original sense
the structure of scientific revolutions
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
  • Account of history of science
  • Science is also Socially constructed
  • Kuhn argued that science is a series of peaceful interludes punctuated by intellectually violent revolutions
  • It differed with Karl Popper’s view of theory-testing through falsification
paradigm addiction
Paradigm Addiction
  • The total pattern of perceiving, conceptualizing, acting, validating, and valuing associated with a particular image of reality that prevails in a science of a branch of science
  • E.g.
    • Communist philosophy
    • Capitalist ideology
what is a paradigm shift
What is a paradigm shift
  • When anomalies or inconsistencies arise within a given paradigm and present problems that we are unable to solve within a given paradigm, our view of the reality must change
  • We must take on new assumptions and expectations that will transform our theories, traditions, rules, and standards of practice
invisible colleges
Invisible colleges
  • Is a group of peers, typically from different disciplines and with different viewpoints, who band together round a shared interest.
  • First used by Robert Boyle in 1649
invisible colleges1
Invisible colleges
  • They are required for developing a new idea or innovation
  • Required to bring about a paradigm change
  • Required to develop a new innovation
  • Required to diffuse a simple idea
exercise
Exercise
  • Identify existing Paradigms/dogmas and find an example of how it is constructed and displayed in the field of
    • Handling the drug trafficking problem
    • Tackling HIV/AIDS situation
    • Tackling global poverty
    • Handling climate change problem
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