Study guide answers
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Study guide answers. Building blocks Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids Carbon 4. Carbon / hydrogen 5. They can stack like bricks, form lines, etc. 6. CHO’s – monosaccaharide Lipid – fatty acid glycerol, phosphate * no true monomer Proteins – amino acids

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Study guide answers

Study guide answers

  • Building blocks

  • Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids

  • Carbon

    4. Carbon / hydrogen

    5. They can stack like bricks, form lines, etc.


Study guide answers

6. CHO’s – monosaccaharide

Lipid – fatty acid glycerol, phosphate

* no true monomer

Proteins – amino acids

Nucleic acids – nucleotides

  • Many monomers bonded together

  • Chains, rings, branches

  • -OH, -PO4, -COOH which are

    hydroxyl, phosphate, carboxyl

    Their structure make them function


Study guide answers

  • Arrangement of atoms-shape-structure

  • Have carbon, few elements, have monomers, form determines function

    12. To store energy, polymers are formed

  • Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen 1:2:1

  • Monosaccharides

  • momomer -fructose, glucose, galactose

    16. Ring structured carbon molecule

    17. 2 monosaccharides bonded together – sucrose, lactose, maltose


Study guide answers

  • 3 or more monosaccharides bonded

  • Glycosidic bond

    20. startch, glycogen, cellulose

  • Starch

    22. Glycogen

    23. Structure in plants cell wall

  • Store quick energy in the form of glycogen on the muscle

  • Fatty acids, glycerol, phosphate groups

  • Steroids – cholesterol, estrogen, testosterone

    Oil/fats and waxes


Study guide answers

  • Carbon/hydrogen chain with a carboxyl group on the end

  • has single bonds between carbons

  • fats/oils – store energy

    Waxes – waterproof

    Steroids – chemical messengers

    30. Be able to identify – triglyceride, phospholipid, steroid

  • Same

  • to make cell membranes


Study guide answers

  • Hydrophobic -None polar molecules –– don’t dissolve in water

  • Not soluble in water but are soluble in lipids

  • papertowel leaves translucent spot –ethanol it dissolves lipids

  • form muscles, transport oxygen, make hormones, act as enzymes

  • muscles, enzymes, hormones, hemoglobin

  • Amino acid

  • peptide


Study guide answers

40. 20

41. R group

42. R group

43. primary, secondary, teritary, quaternary protein color sheet

44. pH and temperature

45.DNA & RNA

46. Store and transmit genetic info. And cellular activities like make proteins

47. RNA is a copy and can leave the nucleus to make proteins

48. nucleotide


Study guide answers

49. 5 carbon sugar, a phosphate group, nitrogen base

  • Twisted ladder/ double helix

  • sugar/phosphate

  • hydrogen bonds between nitrogen bases

  • Adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine

  • rungs

  • Thymine


Study guide answers

56. DNA cannot leave nucleus

Is double stranded

Has thymine

Deoxyribose sugar

RNA can leave the nucleus

Is single stranded

Has uracil

Ribose sugar


Study guide answers

  • Similarities

    Made of nucleotides

    Start in nucleus

    Both nucleic acids

    Both complemenetary base pair

    Both store and transmit information


Chapter 3 test answers

Chapter 3 Test Answers

  • E

  • H

  • F

  • G

  • A

  • C

  • B

  • D

  • T

  • F influences the chemical properties of a compound

  • T

  • F during the condensation reaction (dehydration synthesis)

  • T

  • D

  • D

  • A

  • B

  • B

  • C

  • A

  • C

  • B

  • B

  • 1 oxygen and 2 hydrogen are bonded at an angle because of an uneven distribution of electrical charge – it’s a polar molecule

  • Condensation reaction is removing 1 water molecule to join monomers and hydrolysis is adding one water molecule to break apart polymers

  • Monosaccharides – simple sugar – monomer, Disaccharides – 2 monosaccharides bonded, Polysaccharides – 3 or more monosaccharides bonded

  • Shape is determined by the way the protein’s amino acids interact with one another. These interactions cause proteins to bend or fold. There shape may be altered by pH or temperature

  • The polar hydrophilic heads make the interior and exterior surface of a cell membrane

  • 1st Double bonds between all carbon atoms 2nd double bond between carbon atoms 3rd double bonds between the two horizontal carbon atoms

  • A. Disaccharideb. Fatty acidc. Waterd. Dipeptidee. nucleotide


Macromolecules worksheet 2 part a

Macromolecules worksheet #2part A

  • CHO

  • Lipid

  • Lipid

  • CHO

  • Nucleic acid

  • Nucleic acid

  • Protein

  • CHO

  • Lipid

  • CHO

  • Lipid

  • Lipid

  • CHO

  • CHO

  • Protein

  • Protein

  • Lipid

  • Nucleic acid


Macromolecules worksheet 2 part b

Macromolecules worksheet #2 Part B

  • lipid

  • DNA

  • Glucose

  • Steroids

  • Starch

  • Protein

  • Phospholipids

  • Enzymes

  • Monosaccharides

  • Glucose

  • Amino acids

  • Oils

  • DNA

  • Cholesterol

  • Glycerol

  • Glycogen

  • Polysaccharide

  • Nucleotide

  • cellulose


Macromolecules worksheet 2 part c

Macromolecules worksheet #2part C

36. Protein

37. Cellulose

  • Protein

  • protein/saturated fat

  • starch

  • glucose

  • Saturated fat

  • Starch

  • Cellulose

  • Protein

  • Glucose

  • Protein

  • Glucose

  • Starch

  • Protein

  • Unsaturated fat


Macromolecules worksheet 2 part d

Macromolecules worksheet #2Part D

  • Animal

  • Both

  • Both

  • Both

  • Both

  • Plant

  • Both

    61. Both

    62. Both

    63. Both

    64. Animal

    65. Both it really is found in both

    66. Both

    67. Both


Macromolecules worksheet 2 part e

Macromolecules worksheet #2Part E

  • Monosaccharide

  • Protein

  • Polysaccharides

  • Protein

  • Polysaccharides

  • Lipids

  • Protein

  • Lipids


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