Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation
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Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation?. Example of Eastern Chad by Arnold Egli, Consultant for natural and renewable resources management with SHA and UNHCR. Chad. 7 Mio habitants 110 different ethnically different populations Land locked country 1‘280‘000 km2

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Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation?

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Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation

Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation?

Example of Eastern Chadby Arnold Egli,Consultant for natural and renewable resources management with SHA and UNHCR


Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation

Chad

  • 7 Mio habitants

  • 110 different ethnically different populations

  • Land locked country

  • 1‘280‘000 km2

  • main activities: live stock keeping, agriculture for subsistence and the market, cotton as a cash crop

  • Exploitation of petrol since July 2004

  • Important, not yet exploited gas resources

  • One of the poorest country in the world

  • Again affected by a drought and hunger!!!


East of chad

East of Chad

  • Land area: 60'000 km2

  • Border with Sudan 600 km

  • Local pop. density: < 4 h / km2

  • Big animals: 3.5 Mio

  • Rainfall: 0 and 600 mm,Irregular distribution


Refugee s operation of unhcr and contribution of sha

Refugee's Operation of UNHCR and contribution of SHA

  • approx. 220'000 refugees

  • 60 -80‘000 IDP since 2006

  • First camp opens in January 2004, newest in April 2005

  • Camp size: 12 and 30'000 people

  • Camps equiped with nutrition center, first aid station, primary schools, police guard, community services,

  • Water supply: 11 to 18 l/p/d(drinking water quality)

  • Food supply approx. 2000 kcal/p/d

  • Costs: 80 Mio US $ (2004); 55 US $ (2005); 40 Mio US $ (in 2006); 2011 ?

  • Contribution SHA- 1 site planner 2004- 1 water specialist 2004 to 2010

  • - 1 environment specialist 2004 to 2006 and 2011


Zustand und anf lligkeit der kosysteme sahel tschad

Zustand und Anfälligkeit der Ökosysteme (Sahel Tschad)

Nach Norden abnehmender Niederschlag und zunehmende Anfälligkeit des Ökosystems


Main refugee s zones

Main Refugee’s Zones

  • 12 camps répartis en 4 zones avec des caractéristiques propres

    (unités d’analyse)


Estimated wood production et consumption at eastern chad

Estimated Wood Production et Consumption at Eastern Chad


Main activity since 2004 wood collecting and distribution

Main activity since 2004Wood collecting and distribution


Wood saving 1 traditional fire place

Wood saving 1Traditional fire place


Wood saving 2 by improved mud stove

Wood saving 2…by improved mud stove


Wood saving 3 and more of these wood saving stoves

Wood saving 3… and more of these wood saving stoves!

  • Metallic stove "Save80"

  • Metallic stove "Central African Stove„

  • Mud stove mobil


Wood saving 4 the new member of the group afrah since 2011

Wood saving 4The new member of the group:AFRAH since 2011


Wood substitution 1 briquettes of different materials

Wood substitution 1Briquettes of different materials

  • Cardboard, Doum kernel, mixture of…


Wood substitution 2 solar cookers different types

Wood Substitution 2Solar cookers – Different Types


Wood substitution 3 solar water heater

Wood Substitution 3Solar water heater


Wood substitution 4 biogas digester

Wood substitution 4Biogas digester

/


Wood restoring activities 1 tree production planting and protection

Wood restoring activities 1Tree production, planting and protection


Wood restoring activities 2 forest land protection and managment

Wood restoring activities 2Forest land protection and managment


Estimated wood production et consumption at eastern chad1

Estimated Wood Production et Consumption at Eastern Chad


Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation

Thank you for your attention!

Sustainably yours!


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