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REGIONAL TERMS. NASAL. FRONTAL. ORAL. ORBITAL. CERVICAL. BUCCAL. MENTAL. ACROMIAL. STERNAL. AXILLARY. PECTORAL. ABDOMINAL. THORACIC. MAMMARY. BRACHIAL. ANTECUBITAL. ANTEBRACHIAL. UMBILICAL (NAVAL). PELVIC. CARPAL. POLLEX. COXAL. PALMAR. INGUINAL (GROIN). DIGITAL. FEMORAL.

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REGIONAL TERMS

NASAL

FRONTAL

ORAL

ORBITAL

CERVICAL

BUCCAL

MENTAL

ACROMIAL

STERNAL

AXILLARY

PECTORAL

ABDOMINAL

THORACIC

MAMMARY

BRACHIAL

ANTECUBITAL

ANTEBRACHIAL

UMBILICAL (NAVAL)

PELVIC

CARPAL


POLLEX

COXAL

PALMAR

INGUINAL (GROIN)

DIGITAL

FEMORAL

PUBIC

PATELLAR

PERONEAL (side of leg)

CRURAL

TARSAL

HALLUX

PES

DIGITAL


OTIC (EAR)

CEPHALIC (CRANIAL)

OCCIPITAL

DELTOID

VERTEBRAL

SCAPULAR

BRACHIAL

DORSUM

OLECRANAL

LUMBAR

SACRAL

DORSUM OF HAND

GLUTEAL

PERINEAL


FEMORAL

POPLITEAL

SURAL (CALF)

CALCANEAL (HEEL)

PLANTAR (SOLE)


BODY CAVITIES and MEMBRANES

Body Cavity: major, closed compartment containing internal organs.

Cranial Cavity

Dorsal Body Cavity: cavity encasing the brain and spinal cord.

Dorsal Body Cavity

Vertebral Cavity


Ventral Body Cavity: houses a group of organs called the viscera.

Subdivided into:

Thoracic Cavity: cavity surrounded by the ribs and chest muscles.

Pleural Cavities: each houses a lung.

Mediastinum: contains the pericardialcavity housing the heart, esophagus, trachea...


Abdominopelvic Cavity: cavity surrounded by abdominal muscles and pelvic girdle.

Abdominal Cavity: contains stomach, liver, spleen, intestines, etc...

Pelvic Cavity: bladder, some reproductive organs, rectum...

Diaphragm: large, dome-shaped muscle separating the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities.


Thoracic Cavity

Diaphragm

Abdominal Cavity

Pelvic Cavity


Cranial

Vertebral

Mediastinum

Pleural

Pericardial

Diaphragm

Ventral Body Cavity

Abdominal Cavity

Abdominopelvic

Pelvic Cavity


Serous Membrane (serosa): thin, double-layered membrane lining body cavities and surrounding internal organs.

Parietal Serosa: the part of the membrane lining cavity walls

Visceral Serosa: the part of the membrane covering the organs

Serous Fluid: lubricating fluid between the parietal and visceral serosa.

* Reduces friction between moving organs and cavity walls

* Secreted by serous membrane


Other Body Cavities

– most open to body’s exterior

Oral and Digestive Cavities: contains mouth, teeth, tongue, interior of digestive organs, anus

Nasal Cavity: part of the passages of the respiratory system

Orbital Cavity: houses the eyes

Middle Ear Cavities: contains bones that transmit sound to the inner ear.


ABDOMINOPELVIC REGIONS

Left Hypochondriac Region

Right Hypochondriac Region

Epigastric Region

Right Lumbar Region

Umbilical Region

Left Lumbar Region

Hypogastric (pubic) Region

Right Iliac (inguinal) Region

Left Iliac (inguinal) Region


left hypochondriac LH

left lumbar LL

left iliac LI

epigastric E

umbilical U

hypogastric H

right hypochondriac RH

right lumbar RL

right iliac RI


Diaphragm

Liver

Stomach

Gallbladder

Transverse Colon

Ascending Colon

Descending Colon

Small Intestine

Cecum

Appendix

Sigmoid Colon

Urinary Bladder


QUADRANTS

-simplified abdominopelvic regions used by medical personnel

Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)

Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)

Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)

Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)



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