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The Safe and Healthy School: Issues to Consider When Planning School Construction and Renovation August 26, 2009. Who we are. Mr. Larry Morgan, Director Chris Cosper, AIA, Assistant Director. Our Vision.

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The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

The Safe and Healthy School:

Issues to Consider When Planning School Construction and Renovation

August 26, 2009


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Who we are

  • Mr. Larry Morgan, Director

  • Chris Cosper, AIA, Assistant Director


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Our Vision

  • The Educational Design Institute – in collaboration with students, parents, educators, school administrators, school boards and communities – will promote and encourage the creation of safe, accessible, flexible, and developmentally-appropriate learner-centered environments that help students learn and teachers teach.


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Our Goals

  • Establish EDI as a source for school planning and design issues through regional workshops, conferences, and publications.

  • Establish EDI as a collaborative partner with the Mississippi Department of Education Office of Safe and Orderly Schools and progressive Mississippi architecture and engineering design firms.

  • Promote and update the Mississippi School Design Guidelines, which contain information concerning the design, construction, and maintenance of safe and effective school facilities.


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Design does matter


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Design does matter

  • Six key benefits to properly designed buildings:

    • Better student performance

    • Increased average daily attendance

    • Increased teacher satisfaction and retention

    • Reduced operating costs

    • A positive influence on the environment, and

    • Increased opportunities for using the facility itself as a teaching tool

    • Source: Sustainable Buildings Industry Council (SBIC)


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

What does EDI do?

  • Provide training on the use of the Mississippi School Design Guidelines (MSDG)

  • Conduct facility assessments

  • Suggest ways to improve facilities, including master planning studies and preliminary designing

  • In conjunction with Safe and Orderly Schools, conduct safety audits

  • Keep school districts informed concerning K-12 education design trends


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Mississippi School

Design Guidelines


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Food Preparation / Cafeteria

  • Switching to healthier foods does not require many changes to kitchens or cafeterias.

  • Some limited physical plant decisions:

    • Replacing fryers with “Combi” ovens (i.e combination oven/steamers)

    • Number and length of serving lines (to provide variety)

    • Drink coolers


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Combi Oven/Steamers

  • Looks like a convection oven

  • Some early ones were difficult to use, but newer ones have better controls

  • Food service vendors are providing meals designed for Combi units

  • Gas (must be under hood) or three-phase electric

  • Can be expensive

    • Grants have been available


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Combi Oven/Steamers


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Combi Oven/Steamers


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Elementary School P.E. Facility

  • Physical education class

  • Other activities as space and schedule permit

    • May include stage for programs


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Elementary School P.E. Facility


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Elementary School – Renovated Gym


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Multi-Purpose P.E. Facility

Rubberized floor generally considered best multi-purpose surface


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

High School / Middle School Gymnasium

  • Physical education class

  • Mississippi public school team sports

    • Basketball

    • Volleyball


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

High School / Middle School Gymnasium


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Playgrounds

  • Safe surfaces

  • Clear boundaries and sight lines

  • Shade

  • Access to water


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Playgrounds – Shade

Photos by BYO Playground

www.byoplayground.com


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Playgrounds – Shade


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Playgrounds – Shade

Photos by Landscape Structures

www.playlsi.com


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Other Wellness Options

  • Walking track

  • School employee wellness center


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Security Theory

  • Deterrence – discourage unauthorized actions

  • Detection – recognize unauthorized actions

  • Delay – slow unauthorized actions

  • Response – react to unauthorized actions

From July 2009 School Planning & Management


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Security – Safe Schools

  • SS1 – Access Control

  • SS2 – Natural Surveillance

  • SS3 – Territorial Reinforcement

  • SS4 – Natural Disaster Safe Zones

  • SS5 – Secure Traffic and Parking


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

SS1 – Access Control

  • Control pedestrian entry

  • Control vehicular entry

  • Minimize entrances

  • Control roof access

  • Eliminate hiding places


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

SS1 – Access Control


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

SS2 – Natural Surveillance

  • Main School Entrance

  • Parking Areas

  • Hallway Surveillance

  • School Restrooms

  • Cafeteria

  • Playgrounds

  • Student Gathering Spaces


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Remove Visual Obstacles

  • Remove visual obstructions, where possible

    • For example, limb trees to 8’-0” minimum

  • Consider low walls and shrubs

  • Use fences that can be seen through

  • Use CCTV where necessary


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

SS4 – Natural Surveillance

  • Main School Entrance

  • Parking Areas

  • Hallway Surveillance

  • School Restrooms

  • Cafeteria

  • Playgrounds

  • Student Gathering Spaces


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

SS4 – Natural Disaster Safe Zones

  • Hurricane – wind and storm surge

  • Tornado and other wind events

  • Hail and lightning

  • Flooding

  • Forest fire


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

SS5 – Secure Traffic and Parking

  • Define parking zones

  • Consider surveillance of traffic and parking areas

  • Use safe surfaces and paving techniques


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Safe Routes to School

  • SR2S Funds available

  • Community Block Grants also available

  • Repair sidewalks, build sidewalks, route buses away from pedestrians, and other improvements as necessary

  • Improve fitness and air quality


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

School Nurse

Photos by Methacton School District

www.methacton.org


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

School Nurse’s Duties

  • Immunizations

  • Vision and hearing screenings

  • Providing first aid for minor and major physical injuries

  • Coordinating student referrals with community agencies

  • Notifying parents of children’s health

  • Dispensing student medication

  • Acting as an instructor or resource for health education


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Nurse’s Office – Elementary School

  • Waiting area

  • Office for nurse

    • With record storage

  • Rest area with beds

    • One cot for every 300 students, can be separated by curtains

  • Consultation office

  • Examination room

  • Restroom(s)


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Nurse’s Office – Elementary School


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Nurse’s Office – High School

  • Waiting area

  • Office for nurse

    • With record storage

  • Separate rest area for each sex

    • One cot for every 300 students, can be separated by curtains

  • Consultation office

  • Examination room

  • Separate restrooms for each sex


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Nurse’s Office – High School


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Nurse’s Office Features

  • Internal hallways should be 6’-0” wide minimum to accommodate gurneys

  • Doors to the exam room and to the exterior should be 4’-0” wide with offset hinges

  • Ideally, emergency access is provided directly to the exterior

  • HVAC system should be separate from other school HVAC systems


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

From MSDG

  • Ability to Quarantine

  • Distinct Entry

  • Easy Emergency Access

  • Near Administration

  • Removed from the Learning Environment


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Nurse’s Office Summary

  • Privacy and confidentiality are primary concerns

  • Easy to clean and sanitize

  • Comfortable – natural lighting, low noise levels, soothing colors


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Drinking Fountains

  • Plumbing Code will dictate minimum number based on school square footage

  • Should be convenient and accessible

  • Code compliance can be tricky


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

HVAC

  • Stands for Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

  • Modern expectations of thermal comfort are high

  • Largely responsible for Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)

  • Complex topic


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

HVAC – Zoning

  • Zoning – how a building is divided

  • Essentially, each zone has its own thermostat

  • Ideally, each classroom should be its own zone


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Lighting

  • Daylighting

  • Artificial lighting

    • Quality

    • Quantity

    • Fixtures


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Daylighting

  • Free

  • Shown to improve test scores

  • Heat gain (or loss) is an issue


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Artificial lighting

  • Source

  • Fixture

  • Lamp (i.e. bulb)


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Quality

  • Color temperature

  • Color Rendering Index (CRI)


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Lighting quantity

  • lux fc

  • Support Spaces 50 5

  • Corridors 100 10

  • Foyers, Dining Spaces 200 20

  • Libraries, Classrooms 300 30

  • Offices, Kitchens 500 50

  • Drafting Rooms 750 75

  • Electronic Assembly1000100

  • Highest Level Tasks2000200


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Lighting fixtures


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Acoustics

  • Clarity of speech

  • Noise control

  • Architectural acoustics for performance


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Clarity of speech

  • Direct sound path

  • Reflected sound (i.e. reverberation)

  • Interfering noise


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Noise control

  • Within a space

  • From one space to another


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Architectural acoustics

  • For performance spaces

  • Ideal reverb times vary with type of music

  • The ideal reverb time for speech is less than that for music

Photo by BAi Consultants

www.baiaustin.com


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

EDI Website & Blog

www.edi.msstate.edu


The safe and healthy school issues to consider when planning school construction and renovation

Thank you


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