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Skill Theme Model. Teachers employing the Skill Theme approach focus on helping children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.

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Movement analysis framework
Movement Analysis Framework children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.

  • Focus

    • Skill acquisition

    • Movement control principles

  • Major components

    • Space awareness

    • Effort

    • Relationships


Movement analysis framework the wheel
Movement Analysis Framework: The Wheel children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.


  • The children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.“Wheel” shows how the Skill Themes and Movement Concepts can work together and are interrelated

  • Early elementary focus should be on addressing movement concepts while practicing skill themes

  • Later elementary years focus should be on the learning and quality of the skill themes themselves


Movement concepts in physical education
Movement Concepts in Physical Education children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.

Space Awareness (where the body moves)• Location• Directions• Levels• Pathways• Extensions

Effort (how the body moves) • Time• Force• Flow

Relationships(with whom, or what the body moves) • Of body parts• With objects and/or people• With people


Skill themes in physical education
Skill Themes in Physical Education children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.

Locomotor Skills

• Walking • Running

• Hopping • Skipping

• Galloping • Sliding

• Chasing, fleeing,

and dodging

Nonmanipulative Skills

• Turning • Twisting

• Rolling • Balancing

• Transferring weight • Jumping and landing

• Stretching • Curling

Manipulative Skills

• Throwing • Catching and collecting

• Kicking • Punting

• Dribbling • Volleying

• Striking with rackets • Striking with long-handed implements

and paddles


Themes concepts
Themes & Concepts children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.

  • Skills are action verbs

  • Concept are adverbs

    • Where

    • How

    • Alone or with others

    • With or without equipment


Teaching by skill themes
Teaching by Skill Themes children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.

  • Developmental levels:

    • precontrol, control,utilization,proficiency

  • Teach with movement concepts or skill themes

  • Combine skills and concepts

  • Transition to application in small-sided tasks, use challenges to maintain motivation, use cues to refine movement


Progression spiral

PUNTING children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.

Proficiency Level

Playing Punt Over

Punting while traveling

Receiving and punting against opponents

Utilization Level

Playing rush the circle

Punting within a limited time

Receiving a pass, then punting

Punting to a partner

Punting at angles

Control Level

Punting for height

Punting for accuracy

Using punting zones

Punting for distance

Punting different types of balls

Punting with an approach

Punting over low ropes

Punting for consistency

Precontrol Level

Dropping and puntingDropping, bouncing, and kicking lightweight balls

Progression Spiral


  • Progression Spiral children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities. graphically represents:

    • How content progresses from easiest to hardest, less to more complex

    • Progression from pre-control to proficiency level

    • How people may vary in their level of performance on a specific skill theme according to the context of the task.


Alternative assessment options for skill theme model
Alternative Assessment Options for Skill Theme Model children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.

  • Teacher observation

  • Exit (or entrance) slips

  • Student journals

  • Homework

  • Peer observation

  • Self-assessment

  • Event tasks

  • Videotaping

  • Student drawings

  • Student displays

  • Portfolios


Emphasis of standards within skill theme approach
Emphasis of Standards within children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.Skill Theme Approach

Reference:  Moving into the Future: National Standards for Physical Education, 2nd ed. (2004), p. 11


Planning the theme
Planning the Theme children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.

  • Select skill

    • Task analysis

    • Brainstorm ideas

  • Progression

    • Essential to skill acquisition

  • Planning for teaching

    • Exit goals


Big picture
Big Picture children become skillful movers so that they can successfully participate in physical activities.

  • Yearly curriculum plan

    • Establishes skills for the year

  • Guides planning questions

  • Identify standards to address

  • Individual skill theme plan


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