Cell history structure
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Cell History & Structure. Ms. Mezzetti Lynn English High School Science Department. Early Contributors. Robert Hooke - The first person to see cells, he was looking at cork and noted that he saw "a great many boxes. (1665)

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Cell History & Structure

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Cell history structure

Cell History & Structure

Ms. Mezzetti

Lynn English High School

Science Department


Early contributors

Early Contributors

  • Robert Hooke - The first person to see cells, he was looking at cork and noted that he saw "a great many boxes. (1665)

  • Anton van Leeuwenhock - Observed living cells in pond water, which he called "animalcules" (1673)

  • Theodore Schwann - zoologist who observed that the tissues of animals had cells (1839)

  • Mattias Schleiden - botanist, observed that the tissues of plants contained cells ( 1845)

  • Rudolf Virchow - also reported that every living thing is made of up vital units, known as cells. He also predicted that cells come from other cells.


The cell theory

THE CELL THEORY

1. Every living organism is made of one or more cells.

2. The cell is the basic unit of structure and function. It is the smallest unit that can perform life functions.

3. All cells come from preexisting cells.


Prokaryotic cells

Prokaryotic Cells

  • Prokaryotes are:

    • very simple cells

    • a membrane (sometimes a cell wall)

    • cytoplasm

    • strand of DNA

    • Ribosomes

    • Are bacteria-unicellular

  • Prokaryotic cells do not contain membrane bound organeles or nucleus

  • The word "prokaryote" means "before the nucleus"


Eukaryotic cells

EUKARYOTIC CELLS

  • The eukaryotic cell is composed of 4 main parts:

    • cell membrane - outer boundary of the cell

    • cytoplasm - jelly-like fluid interior of the cell

    • nucleus - the "control center" of the cell, contains the cell's DNA (chromosomes)

    • organelles - "little organs" that carry out cell functions-membrane bound organelles


Animal cell

ANIMAL CELL


Plant cell

PLANT CELL


2 2 prokaryotes eukaryotes

2.2: PROKARYOTES/EUKARYOTES

  • Compare and contrast, at the cellular level, prokaryotes and eukaryotes (general structures and degrees of complexity).


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