Wal mart and the glass ceiling investigating and proving gender discrimination
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Wal-Mart and The Glass Ceiling Investigating and Proving Gender Discrimination. February 2004. Wal-Mart Basics. Founded by Sam Walton Headquarters in Bentonville, AR Largest Retailer in the World Largest Private Employer in U.S. $244.6 billion in sales; $6 billion profit in 2003.

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Wal-Mart and The Glass Ceiling Investigating and Proving Gender Discrimination

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Wal mart and the glass ceiling investigating and proving gender discrimination

Wal-Mart and The Glass CeilingInvestigating and Proving Gender Discrimination

February 2004


Wal mart basics

Wal-Mart Basics

  • Founded by Sam Walton

  • Headquarters in Bentonville, AR

  • Largest Retailer in the World

  • Largest Private Employer in U.S.

  • $244.6 billion in sales; $6 billion profit in 2003


Wal mart store job pyramid

Wal-Mart Store Job Pyramid


Women in wal mart management positions

Women in Wal-Mart Management Positions


Historical comparison of women in management at wal mart and competitors

Historical Comparison of Women in Management at Wal-Mart and Competitors


The promotion process getting into management training

The Promotion ProcessGetting Into Management Training

  • No Posting of Openings

  • No Application

  • No Set Selection Criteria

  • No Information on Management Jobs or Qualifications

  • “Tap on the Shoulder”


Were women as a group less qualified for management

Were Women as a Group Less Qualified for Management ?

  • No education requirement

  • No prior experience required

  • Higher Average Performance Ratings


What the women told us about promotion

What the Women Told Us About Promotion. ..

  • No Information About How to Apply

  • Shifting Requirements and Excuses

  • Relocation Requirement – Real or A Pretext?

  • Sexist Attitudes


Rhonda harper former vp marketing sam s club

Rhonda Harper, former VP Marketing Sam’s Club


Jim haworth former exec vp operations wal mart

Jim Haworth, former Exec. VP Operations Wal-Mart


Gender based pay disparities

Gender-BasedPay Disparities

Average Annual Earnings **

In 2001

*Full-time

**Including bonuses

Data: Richard Drogin


Wal mart s side of the story

Wal-Mart’s Side of the Story

  • No Uniform National Practice

  • Women Not Interested in Management Positions

    • Long and Unpredictable Hours

  • Pay Differences are Very Small

  • Have Made Efforts to Improve Diversity

  • Women Are Happy at Wal-Mart

  • Case is Just Too Big


Uniformity and central control

Every Store Looks and Operates Identically

Same Jobs and Job Hierarchy

Wal-Mart Cheer at Daily Store Meetings

Wal-Mart Culture – 3 Basic Beliefs

All personnel policies from Bentonville

24/7 Real Time Electronic Connection

Weekly and Daily Reports and Store Visits

Heat and Music

Uniformity and Central Control


Was the alleged discrimination intentional

Was The Alleged Discrimination Intentional?

  • Internal Studies of Pay and Promotion Rates by Gender

  • Diversity Consultant

  • Benchmarking Against Competitors

  • Warnings from the Executive Vice President of Human Resources

  • Knew that Relocation Requirement Had An Adverse Impact on Women


Tom coughlin exec vp and ceo of wal mart

Tom Coughlin, Exec. VP and CEO of Wal-Mart


Coleman peterson exec vp for people division and member of board of directors

Coleman Peterson, Exec. VP for People Division and Member of Board of Directors


Don harris exec vice president operations

Don Harris, Exec. Vice President, Operations


Stay tuned

Stay Tuned

  • Dukes v. Wal-Mart Stores, Northern District of California

  • Class Certification Motion Pending

  • www.walmartclass.com


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