Smart tracking usage of ipv6 in rfid system for global mobility
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ITU-T WORKSHOP “ICTs: Building the Green City of the Future” (Shanghai, China, 14 May 2010). Smart Tracking: Usage of IPv6 in RFID System for Global Mobility. Labonnah Farzana Rahman Dept. of Electrical Electronic and Systems Engineering

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Smart Tracking: Usage of IPv6 in RFID System for Global Mobility

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Smart tracking usage of ipv6 in rfid system for global mobility

ITU-T WORKSHOP “ICTs: Building the Green Cityof the Future” (Shanghai, China, 14 May 2010)

Smart Tracking: Usage of IPv6 in RFID System for Global Mobility

Labonnah Farzana Rahman

Dept. of Electrical Electronic and Systems Engineering

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia


Agenda

Agenda

  • Introduction

  • RFID Technology

  • Features of IPv6

  • IEEE 802.11b Standard

  • Proposed System

    • Objective

    • Milestones

  • Conclusion


Introduction

Introduction

  • The ‘smart city’ is the ability to access any application at anytime from anywhere

  • Smart Cities should implement

    • e-health

    • e-government

    • e-commerce systems

  • Cities become “Smarter” with

    • Object Identification

    • Network of things

    • High speed Wireless Network

    • Monitoring by Sensors

  • Cities become “Green” with

    • Low power consumption


Rfid technology

RFID Technology

  • Object Recognition/ tracking system

  • RFID system consists

    • transponder (i.e., the tag itself)

    • transceiver (i.e., the reader)

  • To track any object it uses an EPC

  • An EPC is either 64-bit or 96-bit identifier

    • Header-2 bits

    • EPC Manager- 21 bits

    • Object Class- 17 bits

    • Serial Number-24 bits

H

EPC Manager

Object Class

Serial Number

Figure 1: EPC 64 bit


Features of ipv6

Features of IPv6

IPv6 128 bits

Subnet Prefix

Interface ID

64 bits

64 bits

Figure 2: IPv6 Address format

  • Bring the idea “Network of things”

  • Ease of Deployment

  • Global Mobility

  • Multicast/Anycast

  • Security

  • Scalability

  • 128 bit address structure(16 octets)

    • Subnet Prefix / Network Prefix

    • Interface ID- EUI 64 bit


Ieee 802 11b standard

IEEE 802.11b Standard

  • High speed Wireless Networks or Wi-Fi

  • Extension of IEEE 802.11standard to IEEE802.11b standard

  • Applies to wireless LANs

  • Provides 11Mbps to 55Mbps Data transmission rate

  • 2.4 GHz ISM frequency band


Proposed system

Proposed System

  • RFID experiencing problem

    • Vendor Specific

    • High implementation cost

    • Local mobility

  • The proposed System will

    • Use WNIC instead of Reader

    • Use IPv6 in RFID system

    • Use IEEE 802.11 standards, perhaps better known as WiFiProtocol

    • A low power transponder IC


  • Objective

    Objective

    To design a high speed, efficient and low power tag IC using mapped EPC-IPv6 address for the future green city

    To employ IEEE 802.11 standard for WLAN instead of proprietary standard of RFID Reader for a smarter city

    To develop a Computer Application to extract data from the tag


    Milestones

    Milestones


    Phase 1 map epc 64bit with ipv6 address

    Phase 1: Map EPC 64bit with IPv6 Address

    • Total 64 bits of EPC directly mapped into IPv6 address structure

    • Each RFID tag becomes addressable in the IPv6 network

    EPC – 64 bits

    IPv6 128 bits

    Subnet Prefix

    Interface ID

    64 bits

    64 bits

    Figure 3: IPv6 Address format after mapping with EPC


    Smart tracking usage of ipv6 in rfid system for global mobility

    Phase 2: EPC –IPv6 tag Integrated Circuit

    Antenna

    VCC

    RF

    Front End

    EEPROM

    EPC- IPv6

    Address

    Rectifier

    Low Power

    Digital Logic

    Demodulator

    Modulator

    Figure 4: Block diagram of the proposed EPC-IPv6 Tag


    Smart tracking usage of ipv6 in rfid system for global mobility

    Phase 3: EPC –IPv6 tag Communication with WNIC

    WiFi Network

    RFID Tag with Mapped EPC-IPv6

    Wireless Network Interface card

    Figure 5: EPC-IPv6 Tag communicate with WNIC through WiFi


    Phase 4 epc receiving technique

    Phase 4: EPC Receiving Technique

    EPC – 64 bits

    IPv6 128 bits

    Extract EPC-64 bits

    Subnet Prefix

    EPC-64 bits

    64 bits

    64 bits

    Figure 5: IPv6 Address format after EPC Extraction

    A computer Application will extract the EPC portion from the mapped EPC-IPv6 address structure


    Conclusion

    Conclusion

    • By Using the Proposed System

      • A low power tag IC will be developed to make the city “Green”

      • The cost of efficient RFID tagging system for future smart city will be reduced

      • Possible to find out the physical location of any objects, which is one of the prime element of smart city

      • Provide Global Mobility

      • Increased Scalability, Reliability, and Security for the future “Green” city


    Thank you

    Thank You !!!!


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