Landmines and Cluster Bombs: An Enduring Problem. Brief History of Landmines. 14 th century Chinese text, the Huolongjing, describes a mine made of bamboo, black powder, and lead pellets. It was placed underground. Detonated by a flint device that directed sparks onto a series of fuses.
(can cost more than $1000 to find and destroy)
(US air deployed mines have a self-deactivating design, but reliability is uncertain)
Angola, Mozambique, Nambia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, are still plagued with landmines as a result.
It can only take a few mines, or just the suspicion of their presence, to make an area unusable
(A small number of mines may remain for purposes of training mine detection and clearance)
China, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Libya, Pakistan, Russia, Syria, and United States
Seventeen US companies, formerly involved in producing antipersonnel mines, declined to renounce future production:
Alliant Techsystems, Inc.
Dale Electronics, Inc.
Ensign-Bickford Industries, Inc.
Lockheed Martin Corp.
Mohawk Electrical Systems, Inc.
Nomura Enterprise, Inc.
Quantic Industries, Inc.
(Alliant Techsystems, and Textron Systems)
April 19, 2008