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UNIDO Assistance to Developing Countries in the Area of Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation. Co-operation between ILAC-IAF Joint Development Support Committee and UNIDO. Dr. Lalith Goonatilake Director Trade Capacity Building Branch. Ouseph Padickakudi Project Manager

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UNIDO Assistance to Developing Countries in the Area of Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

Co-operation between

ILAC-IAF Joint Development Support Committee and UNIDO

Dr. Lalith Goonatilake


Trade Capacity Building Branch

Ouseph Padickakudi

Project Manager

Trade Capacity Building Branch

Presentation Overview Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

  • Benefitting From Global Trade: Challenges

  • UNIDO Trade Capacity Building Project Examples

  • UNIDO – JDSC Co-operation

    • Accreditation workshops

    • Joint UNIDO-ISO-IAF survey on ISO 9001 impact on business

    • Pre-peer evaluation of accreditation bodies

  • Global Laboratory Network (LABNET)

  • UNIDO Training Centres on Lab. Mgt. & Metrology


Industry trade development income generation and poverty reduction
Industry & Trade Development Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation= Income Generation and Poverty Reduction

China & Vietnam-

Trade driven growth & poverty reduction

Vietnam reduced poverty rate from 51% to 8%in only 15 years

CHINA: 400 million emerged

from poverty during 1981- 2001 achievedpoverty MDGs, 14 years before the target date 2015


High-Income developing countries Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

Middle-Income developing countries

Low-Income developing countries

Global Trade Growth & Marginalization Concerns


Source: UNCTAD, Handbook of Statistics, 2008

Developed Economies

Developing Economies


Over 90% of total world merchandise exports is in Industrial Goods (2007)


Integrating into Global Trade Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

  • Successful Trade Participation:UNIDO 3Cs

  • “Countries must have marketable products for exportation”

     COMPETITIVITY of productive capacities

  • “Products must conform to requirements of clients and markets”

     CONFORMITYwith standards

  • “Rules for trade must be equitable and customs procedures harmonized”

     CONNECTIVITYto markets

 PRODUCTIVITY (enterprise)

 COST OF EXPORTING (support services)

Global Value Chains Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation: Defining Market Access

  • Auditing the Value Chain – Compliance to Standards

  • Product/Process standards (ISO/IEC)

  • Quality Standards (ISO 9001)

  • Environment Standards (ISO 14001)

  • Food Safety Standards (ISO 22000)

  • Labour Social Standards (SA 8000)

  • Safety Standards (OSHAS)

  • Testing (ISO/IEC 17025)

  • Calibration

  • Traceability (Farm-to-Fork)

  • Private Standards (GlobalGAP)

Developing Country Agro-Food Exports: Standards, Metrology, Certification & AccreditationAchieving and Proving Compliance

Key Challenges:

  • Developing countries lack capacity to implement agreements

  • Conformity assessment technology and standards evolve

  • More technical assistance is needed

  • WTO TBT & SPS agreements compliance/Conditions to export agro-food:

    • Products sourced from areas free of pests & diseases

    • Fruits/vegetables - minimum pesticide residue standard

    • Meats/fish meet minimum antibiotic residue requirement

    • Standards of hygiene applied in manufacturing (HACCP/ISO 22000)

Developing Conformity Infrastructure (testing laboratories, etc.) – the KEY

Metrology Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation











NQI Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation



Increasing Need for Mutual Recognition of National Metrology, Accreditation and Standardisation (MAS) Systems

Country A

ISO/IEC/ ITU .. Globally accepted standards

Facilitate trade, technology diffusion, safety

IAF - Certified once, accepted everywhere

IAF Multilateral Recognition Arrangement (MLA)

ILAC- Tested Once Accepted everywhere

ILAC Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA)

BIPM- Mutual recognition of measurement capabilities




Country B

Country C


Strategic Standards, Metrology, Certification & AccreditationPartnerships

MoU signed on 23 June 2009 Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

MoU signed on 10 October 2004

to strengthening certification and accreditation capabilities with due participation of developing countries.

to promote sustainable development and economic growth through standards development and implementation, capacity building and training, joint publications and related research.

TBT/SPS capacity-building demands linkages to International Standards & Conformity Organizations

MoU Signed in Vienna, Austria on 03 December 2008 Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

To enhance impact of industrial development on economic growth, minimize technical barriers to trade and assist in beneficial integration of developing countries.

UNIDO – WTO Co-operation further strengthened: Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

Framework Agreement on STDF

UNIDO & EU -DG SANCO Cooperation Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

High-level dialogue since 2008

Main Areas of Cooperation Identified: 

  • Manual on “How to set up a Competent Authority for Horticulture Products”

  • Design of Technical Cooperation Programs based on:

    • Food and Veterinary Office (FVO) Inspection Reports

    • RASFF data on rejections for design of TA programmes 

  • Rapid Food Inspection Response Facility (for short-term immediate TA after deficiencies are identified by Inspections - avoiding bans) 

  • Participation in the Better Training for Safer Food (BTSF) Initiative


Unido trade capacity building project examples

UNIDO Standards, Metrology, Certification & AccreditationTrade Capacity BuildingProject Examples

UNIDO TCB Programmes – 2007/2011 Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

(TA combining Supply & Conformity - on-going & planned programmes)

UNIDO TCB Standards, Metrology, Certification & AccreditationProgrammes (TA combining Supply-side & Conformity)

Supply and Conformity:


Budget: € 7.5 million Donor: EU (co-funded by Norway)

  • Quality Infrastructure

  • standard setting, laboratories infrastructure, certification, accreditation,

  • metrology/calibration

  • Textile competitiveness

  • - industrial upgrading, product development, technical and marketing training

  • Fish Inspection

  • product testing and inspection services, laboratory accreditation, waste treatment,

  • staff training

  • Export Diversification (ITC component)

  • access to regulatory market information, Globalgap

  • sectoral strategies, packaging

  • Quality Infrastructure

  • standard setting, laboratories infrastructure, certification, accreditation,

  • metrology/calibration

  • Textile competitiveness

  • - industrial upgrading, product development, technical and marketing training

  • Fish Inspection

  • product testing and inspection services, laboratory accreditation, waste treatment,

  • staff training

  • Export Diversification (ITC component)

  • access to regulatory market information, Globalgap

  • sectoral strategies, packaging





Laboratories accredited to ISO/IEC 17025 Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation in Sri Lanka through

Microbiology (2); Chemical Testing (2); Garment/Textile (1); Metrology (1); Rubber testing (1); Food Testing (1)

UNIDO TCB Programmes (TA combining Supply-side & Conformity)


Budget: US$ 3.1 million Donor: Norway

SRI LANKA TRTA Success Quoted in the WTO/OECD Report on Trade-Related Technical Assistance and Capacity Building (TRTA/CB)

International buyers are now accepting the Sri Lanka laboratory certificate

(testing cost reductions between 31% and 79% depending on the test):

Barrier to Trade Survey Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

Study on SPS Compliance for Exports

Standards (PSQCA)

Standards development

Certification Body (Systems)

Consumer affairs

Product certification

Metrology (NPSL)

Lab upgrading, international accreditation

Product Testing (MFD, PCSIR, etc):Fisheries, Food, Leather, Textile

Lab upgrading, PT participation

International accreditation

Accreditation (PNAC)

Organizational strengthening, international recognition

National accreditation scheme

Training of auditors

Setting-up of PT schemes

Quality/Hygiene (Private sector, FPCCI, etc.)Fish/food

Management systems

Good practices

Compliance with market requirements

Pilot certifications HACCP, ISO 9001, 14001, SA 8000)

Pilot traceability systems

UNIDO TCB Programmes (TA combining Supply-side & Conformity)


Budget: € 5.0 million Donor: EU

UNIDO TCB Standards, Metrology, Certification & AccreditationProgrammes (TA combining Supply-side & Conformity)

Market Access Support for Vietnam through the Strengthening of Capacities Related to Metrology, Testing and Conformity

Budget: US$ 1.0 million Donor: Switzerland

  • Strengthened pool of national trainers in the area of ISO

    9001, ISO 14001, HACCP, SA 8000, OHASS 18001 and GMP

  • Upgraded testing & metrology laboratories

  • Improved capabilities of the accreditation services provided

    by STAMEQ

  • Enhanced corporate governance and service capability of


Phase 2: SECO funding US$ 2.5 million

In cooperation with: Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

UNIDO TCB Programmes (TA combining Supply-side & Conformity)

Regional Trade:UNIDO/EU - UEMOA Programme

Budget: € 14.0 million Donor: EU

  • Productive Capacities and Quality Promotion

  • Food safety, productivity and quality promotion

  • 68 pilot enterprises prepared for ISO 9001

  • National and regional Quality awards

  • Training of journalists in consumerism and product quality

  • Standards and Conformity Assessment

  • Harmonization of standards for export products

  • Harmonization of testing procedures, reg. database on labs

  • Upgrading of 50 laboratories, 24 for international accreditation

  • Regional accreditation scheme

  • Training of 16 Lab. auditors

  • Training of 40 ISO 9001 auditors

  • UEMOA Phase 2: under development (€ 6.0 million)

  • UEMOA Upgrading: funding received (€ 11.0 million)

Microbiology Laboratory in Côte d’Ivoire recently received COFRAC ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation for food testing (Sept. 2007)

UNIDO TCB Standards, Metrology, Certification & AccreditationProgrammes (TA combining Supply-side & Conformity)

Regional Trade:ECOWAS (non UEMOA) and Mauritania

Budget: € 8.0 million Donor: EU

for extension of UEMOA activities to other ECOWAS countries (Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone) and Mauritania

  • Standardization

  • Product testing/Metrology

  • Development of a regional accreditation service

  • Product Inspection

  • Consumer Affairs

  • Quality promotion

UNIDO TCB Standards, Metrology, Certification & AccreditationProgrammes (TA combining Supply-side & Conformity)

MOZAMBIQUE: Support for Enhancement of Capacity for Food Safety and and Quality Assurance System for Trade

Budget: US$ 2.2 million Donor: Switzerland (Seco)

  • Food Safety:

  • Establish a food safety system that is compliant with international requirements with special focus on the public institutions

  • Quality Infrastructure:

  • Develop and implement the required technical infrastructure (standard setting, laboratories infrastructure/product certification, accreditation of laboratories, metrology/calibration of testing laboratory equipment) suitable for product compliance with market entry requirements for

  • Cashew nuts

  • Honey

  • Edible oil seeds

  • Fruits and vegetables

  • Fish products

New EU-UNIDO Project:Business Environment Support and Trade Facilitation (B.E.S.T.F) for MozambiqueBudget: € 5.9 million

Foreseen cooperation:

UNIDO Support to : Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

  • Objective:

  • Provide African testing laboratories and exporting business units increased access to domestic and affordable calibration services from local NMIs that are reliable and internationally traceable

  • UNIDO contribution U$ 190,000

  • NORAD contribution U$ 725,000

UNIDO Food Safety Programme Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

in Fujian Province, P.R. China

Project Title: Assistance for the implementation of ISO Standard on Food Safety Management Systems (ISO 22000) and Traceability in the Feed and Food Chain (ISO 22005) in Fujian, People’s Republic of China

Major technical assistance program in traceability planned

UNIDO & ILAC-IAF Joint Development Support Committee Standards, Metrology, Certification & Accreditation

Accreditation workshops ilac joint development support committee jdsc unido

Asia Regional Workshop on Accreditation Co-operation, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

Key speakers:

Mr. Kukuh Achmad, Director of Laboratory and Inspection Body Accreditation, KAN (Indoneasia)

Mr. Balakrishnan Venkataraman, Chair of IAF Development Support Committee

Mr. Khalid M. Saeed, Norwegian Accreditation

Mr. John Gilmour, UNIDO Expert

Mr. Ouseph Padickakudi, Project Manager, UNIDO

No. of participants: 100

Countries: Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri-Lanka, Maldives,

Bhutan and Indonesia

Kigali Workshop on Accreditation,

Kigali, Rwanda, 06 - 07 November 2008

Key speakers:

Ms. Orna Dreazen, ILAC representative

Mr. Manfred Kindler, Former ISRAC Director and PTB Expert

Ms. Ulvinur Muge Dolun, Project Manager, UNIDO

No. of participants: 40

Countries: Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania

Accreditation WorkshopsILAC Joint Development Support Committee (JDSC) & UNIDO

“The purpose of the workshops was to support developing economies with awareness campaigns on the importance of accreditation”

ILAC News Oct 09

Cooperation activities ilac joint development support committee jdsc unido ctnd

Launching of Laboratory Network Portal (LABNET), Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

Cuernavaca, Mexico, 20 March 2009

JDSC promoted ILAC activities among LABNET participants

Joint e-learning package on accreditation in cooperation with ILAC and WAITRO

Proposal to translate LABNET into Spanish

14th IAAC General Assembly,

San Jose, Costa Rica, 4 September 2009

Presented UNIDO activities at the IAAC Open Forum

Cooperation ActivitiesILAC Joint Development Support Committee (JDSC) & UNIDO (Ctnd..)

Design to operation: Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008Chemical, microbiology, textile/leather and metrology labs

Developing further cooperation with IAEA, UNODC & WHO


Website translation to French

Implementation of ISO 9001 Quality Management System Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

in Asian developing countries: Survey covering system development, certification, accreditation and economic benefits

  • Objective:

  • To assess effectiveness of ISO 9001 certification process in SAARC and South East Asian countries through an impact assessment study and to build synergy in certification process and to facilitate improvements in accreditation scheme of certification bodies.

  • Duration: April 2009 – March 2011

  • Counterparts: National standards institutions in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam

Sept 2009


Project partners
Project Partners Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

Technical Collaboration on Survey/Project Methodology

ISO (International Organization for Standardization)

Sean MacCurtain (Head of Conformity Assessment)

IAF (International Accreditation Forum)

B.Venkataraman (Co-chair of IAF/ILAC Development Support Committee) with support from small EC Task Force

Overall Project Coordination

UNIDO Trade Capacity Building Branch

Nigel Croft (Lead Consultant)

Ouseph Padickakudi (Project Manager)

Local Coordination

National Standards Body

Local Accreditation Body

Local UNIDO Offices

Sept 2009


Number of iso 9001 certificates
Number of ISO 9001 Certificates……. Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

* Numbers relate to the TOTAL number of certificates, including those issued under overseas accreditations.

(Data from ISO Survey)

Sept 2009


Expected outcomes
Expected outcomes……… Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008


Sept 2009


Project timeline
Project Timeline Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

Phase 1 (3rd & 4th quarter 2009)

To obtain customers’ perspectives about effectivenessof ISO 9001 certification

Phase 2 (early 2010)

To obtain perspective of certified organizations and to evaluate effectiveness of the ISO 9001 certification process

Phase 3 (late 2010)

Prepare report and make recommendations to ISO and IAF

Sept 2009


Phase 1a Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008


Phase 1b


Phase 2a


Phase 2b


(Large sample of

certified org’s)

(Sample – “Good”

and “Bad”)

(Large sample of

major purchasers)

(Selected purchasers)

  • Ex:

  • Top management

  • Housekeeping

  • Documentation

  • Mgt review

  • Int audit

  • Customer comm

  • etc

“Best” suppliers

(ISO 9001)

Overall knowledge

& Satisfaction


benefits; ROI



(0 – 5)

“Worst” suppliers

(ISO 9001)

(Under discussion – not yet finalized!)


IAF Technical Committee on 16Oct. ‘09

Recommendations to ISO and IAF

South-South Testing Laboratory Training Centre, Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

Hyderabad, India (2010)

Train chemists/analysts in analysis of food products, microbiological testing, pesticide residue analysis, quality assurance and control measures as well as the laboratory management staff on accreditation

100 trainees per year

2. UNIDO – KRISS Metrology Training Centre,

Daejon, Republic of Korea (2011)

- Metrology parameters - mass, temperature, volume, pressure etc.

- 50 trainees per year


Building trust conformity assessment toolbox

Contents: Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

Basic concepts of conformity assessment

Conformity assessment techniques

Conformity assessment schemes and systems

Conformity assessment bodies

How UNIDO can help with setting up a quality infrastructure

Case studies


Building Trust: Conformity Assessment Toolbox


Publication - Dec. 2009


COMPLYING WITH ISO 17025: PRACTICAL GUIDEBOOK Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008


7 Dec.2009, UNIDO, GC



  • Quality system and its components

  • Monitoring and maintenance of quality system

  • Personnel

  • Accommodation and environmental conditions

  • Test and calibration methods, method validation and quality control

  • Equipment; Traceability of measurement

  • Administration of work and sample tracking

  • Recording of results and associated data

  • Computer systems

  • Reporting requirements

  • Purchasing services and supplies

  • Sub-contracting

  • Guidance on writing a quality manual


Development of Industrial Metrology Laboratories Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008


  • Fundamental Concepts of measurement

  • Dimensional Measurements

  • Mass

  • Pressure

  • Force

  • Temperature

  • Electrical

  • Uncertainty of Measurements

  • Calibration

Publication 1st Quarter 2010

JOINT UNIDO-JDSC WORK PROGRAMME (2009-2011) Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

Summary Note Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

on UNIDO and ILAC-IAF Joint Development Support Committee (JDSC)

Assistance to Developing Countries (2008 and 2009) and

Work Programme: 2010-2011

Available on ILAC/IAF 2009 Vancouver Conference Website

Thank You Bangladesh, 10-11 November 2008

for your attention!

Ouseph Padickakudi

Programme Manager

[email protected]

Tel.: +43 (1) 26026 3693