Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture
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S. B. Preparing for Learning What words do you associate with this picture? You can only use words that start with the letters around the corners of this slide. M. C. Prepare for Learning Listen to the poem by Rudyard Kipling. What can you pick out from the poem? What is happening?

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Preparing for Learning What words do you associate with this picture?

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Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

S

B

Preparing for Learning

What words do you associate with this picture?

You can only use words that start with the letters around the corners of this slide.

M

C


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

Prepare for Learning

Listen to the poem by Rudyard Kipling.

What can you pick out from the poem?

What is happening?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q8LtOIN1G4I


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

Agree Learning Outcomes

All: Know the reason why smuggling increased during the 17th century.

Most: Be able to explain the key features of smuggling.

(E.g. Who was involved, what was smuggled, how it was organised)

Some: Be able to explain why laws against smuggling were so difficult to enforce.


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

An illustration from the eighteenth century showing villagers turning to ‘watch the wall’ so that they cannot see the smugglers going past.

For what reasons would villagers turn and face the walls?


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

Presenting New Information

During the seventeenth century, governments increased taxes on imported goods to raise extra money. These import duties were unpopular because they raised the price of valuable goods. They were also very hard to enforce. With several thousand miles of unguarded coastline around Britain it was fairly easy to smuggle in goods, and there was a ready market among people who didn’t see why they should pay higher prices.

Indeed, like poaching, there were many who did not see smuggling as a crime at all. Many thousands of people were involved in smuggling, and like hundreds of crimes during this period, the government had made this a capital offence.


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

Apply to Demonstrate

Why was it so difficult for the government to deal with smuggling in the 18th century?

(12 marks)


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

Why was it so difficult for the government to deal with smuggling in the 18th century?

(12 marks)


Review

Review

Write a poem, 5 lines long and that rhymes, summing up what you have learnt today.

The government raised tax on goods in 1740,

Which smugglers thought was quite naughty,

They smuggled in tea,

Across from the sea,

And really hoped they didn’t get caught(y)


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

Which goods are smuggled?

Extension: In your opinion, what is the best way to stop smuggling? Explain why

Who are the smugglers?

Do people think smuggling is a serious crime?

SMUGGLING

How well organised are the smugglers?

Why do people become smugglers?

Do smugglers have much local support?


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

If revenue officers or the army seized cargo, smugglers often got it back by force. This picture shows the Hawkhurst gang seizing tea from the customs house at Poole in 1747.


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

In 1748, 103 people were listed as ‘wanted’ for smuggling. Over 70 per cent of them were labourers, fewer than 10 per cent were small farmers and the rest were tradesmen such as butchers and carpenters. However, wealthy people also took part. Robert Walpole, later Prime Minister, smuggled wine into the country while he was a government minister using a government ship.

For farm labourers it was a quicker and more exciting way to make money than farm labouring. A smuggler could earn six or seven times a farm labourer’s daily wage in one night. Anyone who helped smugglers to carry goods from ship to shore could expect to earn nearly twice a labourer’s daily wage.The result was that farmers had difficulty recruiting workers in some places on the south coast.

Not all smugglers were farm labourers. In Sussex some came from the cloth industry which was declining in the 18th century. Fishing and iron making also employed fewer people than a century earlier.


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

“…. The generality of the people on the coasts are better friends to the smugglers than they are to the Customs House Officers”

Samuel Wilson, a Sussex grocer who had received smuggled tea, speaking to a committee of Parliament in the 1740’s.

“The common people of England in general fancy there is nothing in the crime of smuggling…the poor feel they have a right to shun paying any duty [tax] on their goods”

John Taylor, the keeper of Newgate prison, 1747.


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

“It is extremely dangerous for the Custom House Officers to attempt to seize (smuggled) goods in the coast counties because smugglers are very numerous there and can assemble a great number whenever they need. Nine persons in ten in the area would give them assistance and do lend the smugglers their horses and teams to convey their goods.

Abraham Walter, a tea dealer who had been a smuggler, speaking to a committee of Parliament in the 1740’s.

“About 24 smugglers well armed and laden with smuggled goods rode through Rye, Sussex and stopping at the red lion to refresh, fired several times to intimidate the inhabitants and observing one, James Marshall, a young man too curious of their behaviour, carried him off”

The Gentlemen’s Magazine, 1747


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

“I have often heard you say and with great truth, that the common people of this country have no notion that smuggling is a crime. What then can the government do to show them their error but to punish the guilty? Accessories are to be punished as well as [the smugglers themselves] for you know very well that the common notion in the country is that a man may stand by and see crimes committed and even assist in them and be unpunished if he does not commit the crimes with his own hand”

A letter from the Duke of Richmond to Sir Cecil Bishop, 1749

“As to the charge of smuggling, he owned that he had been smuggling for many a great years and did not think there was any harm in it”

A churchman reporting the words of Richard Mills who was hanged for smuggling and murder.


Preparing for learning what words do you associate with this picture

The common people of this country do not regard smuggling as a crime. What then can the government do to punish the guilty? Accessories [those who assist in smuggling or let it go without stopping it] should be punished as well as the smugglers for you know very well that the feeling in this country is that a man may stand by and see crimes committed and even assist in them and be unpunished if he doesn’t commit the crimes with his own hands”

A letter from the Duke of Richmond to Sir Cecil Bishop, 1749

“As to the charge of smuggling, he owned that he had been smuggling for many a great years and did not think there was any harm in it”

A churchman reporting the words of Richard Mills who was hanged for smuggling and murder.


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