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February 7, 2014. Label the Greece and Asia Minor map with the key places and features. Then, color the water blue. Early Greece. 1. Minoans and Mycenaean. Minoans of Crete 2000 B.C. Established colonies on islands in the Aegean Sea Traded goods with these colonies. ii. Minoan Life

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February 7 2014
February 7, 2014

  • Label the Greece and Asia Minor map with the key places and features.

  • Then, color the water blue.



1 minoans and mycenaean
1. Minoans and Mycenaean

  • Minoans of Crete

    • 2000 B.C.

      • Established colonies on islands in the Aegean Sea

      • Traded goods with these colonies


ii. Minoan Life

  • Buildings

    • Solidly constructed

    • Private rooms

    • Basic plumbing

    • Brightly colored artwork on the walls


2. Artwork

  • Has helped historians understand Minoan life

    • Ships tell us that they were tied to the sea

    • Women appear to have major roles in society

    • Also shows what they did for fun


3. Writing

  • They did have a writing system

  • Called Linear A

    • We do not know how to read it.


Linear A script of the Minoans (1700 – 1550 BC)

100 symbols, each representing a syllable


iii. Decline

  • Minoan society suddenly fell apart

  • One possible cause was a world-shaking disaster

  • Eventually would be conquered by Mycenae


b. The Mycenaean State

  • Located on mainland Greece

  • Language was a form of Greek


iii. Society

  • Dominated by intense competition

  • Frequent warfare

  • Powerful kings


iv. Kings

  • Taxed trade and farming

  • Built great palaces and high walls

    • Example: the Lion’s Gate


v. Inspired great legends

  • Trojan War

    • Greeks fought a powerful city called Troy

    • Historians are not sure if the war happened

      • Have found remains of a city they believed to be Troy

      • Evidence suggests that the city was destroyed in Battle


2 greek city states
2. Greek City-States

  • Life in a polis

    • A Polis (city-state) became the basic political unit in Greece

    • Each polis had their own law, customs and government


iii. A polis was built around a high area called an acropolis

  • Used as a fortress

  • Housed temples to the gods

  • Spaces for public ceremonies


iv. Below the acropolis was the agora (marketplace) acropolis

  • People did business, gossiped, and discussed politics

  • Shops, houses and more temples surrounded the agora

    v. City wall surrounded the entire polis


b. Sparta acropolis

  • Located on the large peninsula of southern Greece

  • Took control of the towns around them

    • Made captured people become helots (state slave)

    • Helots were forced to do manual labor


iii. Spartans spent their time training for war acropolis

  • Built up their army to keep the helots under control

    iv. Military

  • Demanded toughness and strength from birth

  • Babies were examined for strength after birth

    • If found to be unhealthy was left out in the wilderness to die


3. Boys were taught by their mothers until the age of 7 acropolis

4. At 7 boys went to a school to be trained for combat

  • Created by King Lycurgus

  • Goal was to prepare the boys for the hardships they would face as soldiers


5. At the end of their training, boys were sent into the wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

6. At 20, boys became hoplites (foot soldiers)

7. Had to serve 10 years in the military, then they could leave and take their place as citizens


v. Women wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Trained in gymnastics for physical fitness

  • Believed they had to be fit to have strong children

  • Had the right to own property


vi. Politics wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Sparta had 2 kings who served as military commanders

  • Council of Elders

    • Made the decisions

    • Considered an honor to be on this council


3 gods and heroes
3. Gods and Heroes wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Olympic gods

    • Greeks believed in hundreds of gods and goddesses

    • Deities governed one aspect of nature of life

    • Believed 12 gods were particularly influential in their lives

      • These 12 gods lived together on Mt. Olympus


a. Zeus- King of the gods; god of the Sky wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

b. Hera- Queen of the gods; goddess of marriage and women


c. Poseidon- god of the seas and earthquakes wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

d. Hades-god of the underworld


e. Demeter- goddess of agriculture wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

f. Hestia- goddess of the hearth and family


g. Athena- goddess of wisdom wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

h. Apollo- god of prophecy, healing, poetry, music and the sun


i wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive. Artemis-goddess of hunting and the moon

j. Ares-god of war


k. Aphrodite- goddess of love wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

l. Hephaestus- god of metal work


iv. Did not consider the gods to be perfect wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Greek myths indicate this belief

  • Each polis claimed one god or goddess as its special protector


v. Believed some places to be sacred wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Example: Delphi

    vi. Olympic Games

  • Held every 4 years


b. Myths about Heroes wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Purpose of the myths

    • Used to teach Greeks where they came from and what sort of people they should be


  • Hercules wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

    • Son of Zeus

    • Had godlike strength

    • Renown across Greece


b. wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to surviveTheseus

  • Athenian prince who killed the Minotaur of Crete

  • Famous only in his home city


ii. What they did wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Killed monsters

  • Made discoveries

  • Founded cities

  • Talked with god almost on equal terms


iii. Hubris wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • According to Greek myths heroes could only rise so far

  • Hubris (great pride) brought many heroes to tragic ends

  • Deaths served as a lesson to not overstretch one’s abilities


Minoans and mycenaeans
Minoans and wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to surviveMycenaeans

  • Use your notes, textbooks, and technology to complete the Minoans vs. Mycenaeans graphic organizer.

    • Use pages 127 – 129 (including maps)

    • Use the book with the black spine, pages 64 - 67


The odyssey
The Odyssey wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Read The Odyssey on page 133 of your text.

  • Write a one-page (minimum) news broadcast about the Trojan War


February 10 2014
February 10, 2014 wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Analyze the map on page 126. With your partner, create a list of Greece's geographic advantages and disadvantages. Then, answer questions 1 and 2.


War and democracy in greece

War and Democracy in Greece wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive


1 athenian democracy
1. Athenian Democracy wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Development

    • Birth place for democracy was Athens

      • A form of government run by the people


ii. Significant Leaders wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Draco

    • Thought the only way to end unrest was through harsh punishment

    • He reformed city laws to accomplish this idea

    • Harshness of the laws only made things worse


2. Solon wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Overturned Draco’s laws and reformed them

  • Outlawed slavery

  • Encouraged trade to help reduce poverty

  • Allowed all men in Athens to take part in the assembly that governed the city and serve on juries that heard trials

  • Only the wealthy could run and hold office

  • First real steps toward democracy


3. Peisistratus wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Was a tyrant

    • A strong man who seizes power by force and claims to rule for the good of the people

  • Was popular with the people

  • Pushed aristocrats out of office

  • Increased trade to make Athens richer


4. Cleisthenes wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Reforms set the stage for Athenian Democracy

  • Divided Athens into 10 tribes

    • These tribes would be the basis on for their elections


b. Nature of Athenian Democracy wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Only free male Athenians over the age of 20, who completed military training could vote

    • Expected to take part in 4 areas

      • Vote in all elections

      • Serve in office if elected

      • Serve on juries

      • Serve in the military during war


ii. Athenian democracy consisted of three main bodies wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Assembly

    • Included all people eligible to take part in the government

    • Made all the laws and important decisions for Athens

    • Direct Democracy

      • A type of system in which all people voted directly on the issue


2. Council of 500 wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Main role was to write laws that could be voted on in the assembly

    3. Courts

  • A complex system that heard trials and sentenced criminals

  • Had as many as 6000 members, chosen from the Assembly


iii. Elected Officials wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Generals

    • Would lead the city in war

  • Archon

    • Chief of state in Athens

    • Was the head of the Assembly and Council of 500

    • Served one year terms but could be re-elected

    • Could be removed from office or punished if he failed to serve the people well


c. Golden Age of Athens wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Increased influence

    • Delian League

      • Alliance with the city-states of Greece

      • Controlled by Athens

        • Controlled the league’s ships and money

      • League will in essence become an Athenian Empire


ii. Rebuilding Athens wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

1. Used money from the DelianLeague’s treasury to rebuild the city after the Persian War

2. Built temples on the acropolis

a. Grandest was the Parthenon

3. Built new roads, expanded the port and constructed high walls around the city


iii. Age of Pericles wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • Pericles

    • Elected as one of Athens generals

    • Also a politician

    • Introduced paid public offices and juries

    • Encouraged introduction of democracy into other parts of Greece

    • Commissioned the building of the Parthenon


2 war in greece
2. War in Greece wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survive

  • The Persian Wars

    • Cause of Conflict

      • Ionian Rebellion

        • A Greek city-state conquered by Persian and rebelled against them

        • Asked fellow Greeks to help them gain independence

        • Persians put rebellion down; wanted to punish those who helped


ii. 1 wilderness without food or supplies and were expected to survivest Persian Invasion

  • Persians set out for Greece with tens of thousands of soldiers

  • Landed at Marathon and fought the Athenians there


3. Athenians used a phalanx system to fight the Persians with

  • It is a tight rectangular formation in which the soldiers held long spears out ahead of the wall of shields

  • Forced Persians to retreat


4. Legend of Marathon with

  • Messenger ran from Marathon to Athens to tell the news…got there…gave it and then died. He ran about 26 miles.


iii. Preparations for 2 with nd Invasion

  • Darius planned a 2nd attempt but died before he could execute it

  • Xerxes continued with the planning

  • Set out with hundreds of thousands of troops

  • Athens seeks help from other city-states; Sparta answers

    • Athens would command the navy

    • Sparta would command the army


iv. 2 with nd Persian invasion

  • Thermopylae

    • Spartans gathered at the mountain pass of Thermopylae to slow the Persians march on Athens

    • Held them off for several days

    • Persians found a way to surround the Spartans

    • Spartan sacrifice allowed time for the Greek defense


2. Salamis with

  • Persians headed south to Athens

  • Used their fleet to deliver supplies


c. Athenian commander lured the Persian fleet into the Strait of Salamis

  • Strait was narrow and did not allow for the much larger Persian fleet to maneuver well

  • Greek warships cut down the Persian fleet

    d. This battle changed the nature of the war


3. Plataea Strait of Salamis

  • The Greek army led by the full might of Sparta crushed the Persians

  • After the defeat Persians gave up on the invasion and agreed to a peace settlement


b. The Peloponnesian War Strait of Salamis

  • The Peloponnesian League

    • Headed by Sparta

    • Fear the Athenian fleet would cut off their supplies

    • Both sides will declare war on the other


ii. War in Greece Strait of Salamis

  • Lasted for years

  • First part of the war no one gains ground

    • Agreed to a truce

  • War starts again when Athens attacked one of Sparta’s allies

  • Sparta takes to both land and sea and defeat the Athenians


5. Athens is forced to surrender Strait of Salamis

6. Sparta tried to control all of Greece but was unable to do so

7. Sparta will be conquered by Thebes

  • Even they cannot control all of Greece

  • Leaves a power vacuum in Greece


Choose one
Choose one… Strait of Salamis

  • Write a dialogue in which at least two leaders discuss Athenian government.

    • One page minimum

  • Create a comic strip depicting a conversation involving at least one Athenian leader.

  • Imagine you are an Athenian leader. Write a one-page journal entry (including a visual component) discussing your ideas and experiences.

    ** You may use technology to do additional research **


Athens vs sparta graphic organizer
Athens vs. Sparta Graphic Organizer Strait of Salamis

  • Use the following resources to help you be successful:

    • Notes

    • Textbook

    • A History of Western Society (orange spine) pages 66- 68, 70, 75-79

    • Personal technology

  • When you’re finished, please complete the Minoan and Mycenaean Graphic Organizer


February 11 2014
February Strait of Salamis11, 2014

  • Can someone teach something so controversial that they should be put to death (or punished harshly)? Explain.


Greek achievements

Greek Achievements Strait of Salamis


1 philosophy
1. Philosophy Strait of Salamis

  • Socrates

    • First great Athenian philosopher

    • Interested in broad concepts: truth, justice and virtue

    • Believed philosophers could learn what made good people and good societies

    • Believed in order in find answers you have to ask questions

      • Developed what we call the Socratic Method


b Strait of Salamis. Plato

  • Student of Socrates

  • A writer

    • Most famous work is the Republic

  • Writings covered topics on truth, goodness and the ideal form of government

  • Believed most qualified to lead in government were philosophers

  • Wanted to make philosopher’s education more formal

  • Founded the Academy


c Strait of Salamis. Aristotle

  • Studied at the Academy

  • Concerned with the nature of the world around him

  • Emphasis on reason and logic

    • Reason- clear and ordered thinking

      • Used to learn about the world

    • Logic- process of making inferences

      • People use what they already know to infer new facts


2 literature
2. Literature Strait of Salamis

  • Homer’s epics

    • Tell about great events and heroes

    • Both tell stories about the Trojan war

      • The Iliad

        • Starts with the last year of the Trojan War

        • Story about two mighty heroes: Achilles and Hector

      • The Odyssey

        • Tells the story of Odysseus (who angered the gods)

        • Forced to wander the seas for 10 years


b Strait of Salamis. Other forms of Poetry

  • Descriptive

    • Tells stories

  • Lyric Poetry

    • Deals with emotions and desires


3 history
3. History Strait of Salamis

  • Herodotus

    • Lived during the Persian wars

    • Wrote The Histories

      • Describes major events: wars, battles, debates


b. Thucydides Strait of Salamis

  • Lived during the Peloponnesian War

  • Used primary sources

    • Looked at sources critically and ignored what seemed unreliable and irrelevant


4 drama
4. Drama Strait of Salamis

  • Art of playwriting

  • Two types

    • Tragedy

      • Three main writers

        • Aeschylus

          • Wrote plays on ancient Greek myths and on events from Athenian history


b. Sophocles Strait of Salamis

  • Concentrated his plays on suffering that people brought upon themselves

    c. Euripides

  • Wrote about characters whose tragedy was not brought about by flaws but by chance or irrational behavior


ii. Comedy Strait of Salamis

  • Many were satires, plays written to expose the flaws of their society


5 greek architecture and art
5. Greek Architecture and Art Strait of Salamis

  • Architecture

    • Parthenon

      • Great and grandest example of Greek architecture

      • Housed the statue of Athena

      • Had no windows

      • Parts of the temple were painted


b. Sculpture Strait of Salamis

  • Greeks adept at human form

  • Tried to recreate what they observed

  • Wanted statues to look lifelike and active

  • Did not portray figures as they really were but as physically perfect


c. Paintings Strait of Salamis

  • Best examples are found on vases, plates, and other vessels

  • Decorated with scenes from everyday life, myths or legends

  • Two colors used: black or red

  • Lifelike and full of movement


The hellenistic world

The Hellenistic World Strait of Salamis


1 macedonia
1. Macedonia Strait of Salamis

  • Philip II

    • Reorganized Macedonian army

      • Adopted the Phalanx system but modified it by using longer spears

      • Also had larger bodies of archers and cavalry

    • Conquered every major city-state in Greece except Sparta

    • Assassinated in 336 B.C.; Son Alexander became king


b. Alexander the Great Strait of Salamis

  • 20 years old when he became king

  • Student of Aristotle

  • Re-established control over Greece


iv. Attacked Persia in 334 B.C. Strait of Salamis

  • Alexander’s army was smaller but was loyal to him and was well

  • Defeats Persian army

    v. Attacked Egypt

  • Welcomed as a liberator

  • Named the new pharaoh


vi. Will try to take India but army refused to go on Strait of Salamis

vii. 323 B.C. Alexander dies in Babylon; he was 33 years old

viii. Had no heir


ix. Empire divided between his top 3 generals Strait of Salamis

  • Antigonus- King of Macedonia and Greece

  • Seleucus- Persian Empire

  • Ptolemy- Egypt


2 hellenistic world
2. Hellenistic World Strait of Salamis

  • Blending Cultures

    • Alexander helped create a new type of culture called Hellenistic or “Greek-like”


b. Alexandria Strait of Salamis

  • Built by Alexander, in Egypt

  • Location of the Nile River was ideal for trade

  • Built great palaces and grand monuments

    • The Museum

      • Held many works of art

    • The Library of Alexandria

      • Contained many works on philosophy, literature, history and the sciences


c. Life in the Hellenistic World Strait of Salamis

  • Government

    • City-states were replaced with kingdoms

    • Democracies became monarchies

  • Women

    • Gained the rights to receive an education and to own property

    • Legally they were not equal to men though


3 hellenistic achievements
3. Hellenistic Achievements Strait of Salamis

  • Philosophy

    • Cynicism

      • Called cynics

      • Rejected pleasure, wealth and social responsibility

      • Believed man should live according to nature


ii. Epicureans Strait of Salamis

  • Believed people should seek out pleasure

    • Pleasure is viewed as good

    • Pain was viewed as evil

  • Believed one should develop close friendships with people who shared similar ideas


iii. Stoicism Strait of Salamis

  • Called Stoics

  • Placed emphasis on reason, self-discipline, emotional control and personal morality

  • Believed people should find their role in society and strive to fulfill it


b. Science and Technology Strait of Salamis

  • Euclid

    • Formulated many of the ideas of geometry that we still use today

  • Eratosthenes

    • Calculated the size of the globe


iii. Archimedes Strait of Salamis

  • Developed the compound pulley

  • Invented the mechanical screw


Mechanical Screw Strait of Salamis

Compound Pulley


Historical head
Historical Head Strait of Salamis

  • Create a historical head for any of the figures:

    • Socrates

    • Plato

    • Aristotle

    • Homer

    • Herodotus

    • Thucydides

    • Alexander the Great

  • Include words and symbols to show what your character is thinking

  • Use color!


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