Water management in France Mathieu AHYERRE Seine Normandie Water Agency. The foundations of the french water system. The 1964 water law : creation of water Agencies The 1992 water law : Master Plans for Water Management 2000 Water Framework Directive.
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Water management in France
Seine Normandie Water Agency
The 1964 water law : creation of water Agencies
The 1992 water law : Master Plans for Water Management
2000 Water Framework Directive
The State :
Transposition into French right of european directives
Control of the
of the legislation
Municipalities responsible for :
all services associated
Participation of stakeholders
100 000 km2
8 regions, 25 counties, 8700 municipalities
17 million inhabitants in 2% of the basin area
40 % of national industrial activity
60 % of the basin area cultivated
River basin Committees
River basin Committees water parliaments
45 local authorities rep.
45 stakeholders rep.
21 state rep.
7 professional rep.
Define the basin water policy
Designate the Water Agency Board
Approve programs and taxes
Water Agency board
11 local authorities rep.
11 stakeholders rep.
11 state rep.
1 staff delegate
Public body under the tutelage of the Ministry of Environment, 500 collaborators, 7 regional offices
Helps buildind the Master Plan for Water Management (studies and research)
Implements a financal 5 years program
Financal program objectives
Protect the natural patrimony and water quality
Lower pollution from municipalities, agriculture and industry
Protect drinking water ressources
A two level system of economic incentives
The Water Agency bills consumers on the basis of the level of pollution generated
The Water Agency reinjects this income in the form of aid to communities, industries and agricultural operations for water
Financial equilibrium in a 5 years financial program
Polluters should pay
Purifiers should be helped
Aids to improve water quality
Water supply 65 M€
Sedimentary parisian bassin
Sand and clay,75 000 km2, 800 m deep,
425 billions m3
Protected from surface pollution
Inventory of natural patrimony
and water uses
1841 first drilling
22 Billion m3/year
« Albian water table is considered as a strategic water ressource for drinking water rescue and should be safegarded »
Count the drills and volumes
Build a model (BGRM)
Propose management rules
Propose rescue plan
29 Billion m3/year
The consequences of new taking of water have to be
analysed with the
model before giving
Drills sould be able
to provide 150 m3/h
for 3 month in rescue
Good governance : participatory processes for stakeholders and citizen
Legitimacy : who pays decides, water pays water and polluter should pay principle
Democracy : transparency and parliament control, solidarity