Our Ancestors In St Kilda, Scotland. By K. D. Who am I?. My name is Kylie McQueen I live in a suburb called St Kilda, it is in Melbourne My family came from St Kilda, Scotland I am going to find out all about our ancestral home for future reference. My house in St Kilda, Melbourne.
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By K. D.
My house in St Kilda, Melbourne
St Kilda is the most remote part of the British Isles. It lies 41 miles (66 kilometres) away from Benbecula in the Outer Hebrides. It takes 3 hours to get to by boat (from Benbecular). St Kilda is a world heritage site. It is a tiny group of islands in the Atlantic ocean.
St Kilda islands
great skua - these birds will dive bomb researchers to protect their territory
St Kilda is very rocky, with lots of steep slopes & cliffs that the islanders used to climb. Though it also has some flat areas by Glean Mor. It has lots of stacks leading off into the sea. The climate is cold and wet as the island gets a lot of relief rainfall. Clouds often hover overhead and it can be very rare to see a sunny, warm day.
In summer the temperature reaches about 10 degrees Celsius and all the midges come in off the sea (Atlantic ocean) if you are a visitor it would be wise to cover up!
St Kilda has one of the most important seabird colonies. It has the world's largest colony of gannets and fulmars in the British Isles, they nest on the many stacs. Two of those are the highest sea stacs in Britain. They are also home to many puffins.
Soay sheep, from the island of Soay, are a rare breed of sheep that are loved for their wool.
There were two kinds of mice called the St Kilda house mouse and the St Kilda field mouse. They used to be found on St Kilda but the house mouse became extinct after the islanders left.Physical Factors
St Kilda House Mouse
Plants like this roseroot flourish in inaccessible places the sheep cannot reach.
Primroses on the lower slopes of Oiseval
A grey seal swims in St Kildan waters
Divers coming back
From diving round the stacs.
Clear clean waters
The islanders main snack was the puffin that the men caught off the surrounding rocks. They would use every part of the bird, the fat for candles, the beak for nails and the feathers for blankets. In 1876 it was said that the islanders took 89,600 puffins for food and feathers.
All of the houses are made of stone and slabs of rock that can be found around the island. There’s no wood on the island due to the lack of trees so the roofs are covered with turf.Food + Houses
The same street in the past
Old village street
No roads to be seen
Long distance walking to get to the food stores
Posting the mail boat in 1897
An old vegetable enclosure
My family the McQueens left St Kilda In the 1850s with 42 other islanders. They emigrated to Australia. Many of the people died en-route, but a the rest settled in Melbourne, and that’s why we live in a St Kilda in Melbourne today. I have come up with the push and pull factors that I think contributed to the McQueens leaving St Kilda Scotland.
Many young men where attracted to the busy life, women and jobs in the city.
The weather and life was hard on the island and many thought they would have an easier life on the mainland.
Many men went to war and they saw the outside world. They just didn’t come back.
If the islanders left they would leave behind the home they had lived on all their life.
Many women had to stay with their fathers as there were no men to marry since they had all moved away.
Girls left to live with their fathersWhy Leave?
A leaflet giving details of the cruises
Islanders carrying their belongings to the jetty at the evacuation
St Kilda field mouse
Cambir (a finger of land jutting out towards the island of Soay)
The village bay
By S. W.
This is a map of Australia and of St Kilda.
Down Town Melbourne
St Kilda was first set up by port Phillip bay so people could trade with Tasmania. But when gold was discovered in 1852, there was a huge rush of people from all over the world including Ireland, England and China. So you can find many different people in St Kilda today.
Melbourne is has lots leafy parks and gardens.
These are home to a wide variety of native Australian birds and animals.
Some of these include - red rumped parrots, European finches, sparrows and starlings, ducks, falcons, hawks and water rats!Multicultural Melbourne
A native bird
Most of the work in St Kilda comes from the tourist industry. These are things like cafes, hotels, bed and breakfasts, camp sites an amusement centres such as fun fairs and casinos.
Buildings consist of mainly hotels, theme parks, cafes, Gift and souvenir shops, houses, posh restaurants, pier side shops and public houses.Work Buildings
Local theme park
My family the McQueens left St Kilda In the 1850s with 42 other islanders. They emigrated to Australia, and that’s why we live in a St Kilda in Melbourne today. I have come up with the push factors that I think contributed to the McQueens leaving St Kilda Scotland.
Many young men where attracted to the busy life, women and jobs in the city of Melbourne.
The weather and life was hard on the island and it was good sunny weather in Melbourne.
There was the gold rush and people thought there was a chance of getting some money for their families.
To have more contact with the outside world.Why Leave?
The St Kilda Saints are a sports team. They play a game that is a cross between football and rugby.