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主页面. Unit 5 Weeping for My Smoking Daughter. Before Reading-warm up. >> WARM-UP ACTIVITIES. Think: 1. Have you ever had the idea of having a try of smoking? 2. Have you ever smoked? 3. What do you feel about the smell of cigarettes? 4. Is there any smoker in your family?

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5788808

主页面

Unit 5

Weeping for My Smoking

Daughter


Before reading warm up

Before Reading-warm up

>> WARM-UP ACTIVITIES

  • Think:

  • 1. Have you ever had the idea of having a try of smoking?

  • 2. Have you ever smoked?

  • 3. What do you feel about the smell of cigarettes?

  • 4. Is there any smoker in your family?

  • 5. Tell some stories associated with smoking.


Before reading warm up1

  • Pair Work: Make a dialog with your partner

  • based on those five questions.

Before Reading-warm up

>> WARM-UP ACTIVITIES

  • Oral Practice: Make a story on the topic “Smoking”

  • based on the five questions above,

  • and try to share it with your classmates.


Before reading understanding the text

Before Reading-understanding the text

>> PRE-READING ACTIVITIES

  • Listen and try to answer the following questions.

1. When did most smokers start smoking?

2. What has been done in the past few years to stop children from smoking?

3. Why do people continue to smoke even though they are aware of its harm?


Before reading background information 1

Before Reading-background information 1

>> Background Information

  • Camel Marlboro

Camel is one of the world-famous cigarette brands, which used to come out number one in sales. The slogan for this brand is "To err is human. To smoke Camel cigarettes, divine.“

Marlboro isone of the cigarette brands of Philips Morris company, USA. Marlboro is actually the abbreviation of “Man Always Remember Love Because Of Romance Only” in order to attract women smokers. Today Marlboro remains one of the top recognized brands in the world.


Before reading background information 2

Before Reading-background information 2

>> Background Information

Irish Republican Army (IRA)

Born at Schloss Rosenau, he was the younger son of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. He was educated at Bonn and married Victoria his first cousin in 1840. Albert encouraged in his wife a greater awareness of social ills. He took an active role in bringing about reform and invited Lord Shaftesbury, the driving force behind successive factory acts, to Buckingham Palace to discuss the matter of child labor. This meeting marked the beginning of Victoria's increased involvement in social welfare.


Global reading main idea

Global Reading-main idea

  • >> Text Structure Analysis


Detailed reading language points

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • weep

  • vi. Cry 哭泣,流泪

  • 扩展:近义词 cry, sob

  • 例句:Laugh, and the world laughs with you; weep, and you weep alone.

  • 笑,全世界和你一起笑;哭,你独自一个人哭。

  • Life is like an onion: you peel it off one layer at a time, and sometimes you weep.

  • 生活就像一头洋葱:你只能一层一层地把它剥开,有时你还得流泪。


Detailed reading language points1

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • grateful

  • adj. Thankful 感激的,感谢的

  • 扩展:gratitude n. 近义词: thankful, appreciative, obliged

  • 搭配:be grateful to sb. for sth. 因某事而对某人表示感激

  • 例句:I am grateful to you for the opportunity to express my conviction in this most important political question.

  • 感谢你们使我有机会就这个最重要的政治问题发表意见。

  • I am grateful to you for your consideration and thoughtfulness.

  • 我对你的关照和体贴表示感激。


Detailed reading language points2

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • harden

  • vt. 1.(Cause sb. to)become stronger, severe,or lacking in human feelings使变得坚强,使变得冷酷无情

  • 2.(Cause sb. to)become hared, stong, etc.使变硬,使硬化;例句:Sorrow and trouble either soften the heart or harden it.

  • 悲哀和烦恼不是使人心软就是使人心狠。

  • Life in the mountains hardened me until I felt no fear or weakness in mind or body.

  • 山里的生活锻炼了我,我变得体健胆壮,无所畏惧。


Detailed reading language points3

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • brand

  • n. [C] a type of product made by a particular company 商标,品牌 v. 烙印,打烙印于;铭刻;铭记

  • 扩展:brand-new adj. 崭新的 trademark n. 注册商标

  • 搭配:brand loyalty 对品牌的忠诚

  • brand sth. on sb.’s mind 铭记在心

  • 例句:The experience of being kidnapped was branded on his memory.

  • 这次被绑架的经历铭记在了他的记忆中。

  • A survey done by Seventeen magazinefound that at least 30 percent of adult women were using the same brands they first chose as teenagers.

  • 由《十七岁》这家杂志所做的调查发现,至少30%的成年女性仍然在使用她们十几岁时选择的品牌。


Detailed reading language points4

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • hopeless

  • adj.绝望的,不可救药的

  • 扩展:hopelessly adv.;反义词hopeful

  • 例句:He grew hopelessly addicted to chatting online,to such an extent that he almost neglected anything else.

  • 他无可救药地沉迷于在网上聊天,以致几乎忘了其它所有的事情。

  • Our position is hopeless; it is very unlikely that we will get out alive.

  • 我们已处于绝境,我们绝不可能活着出去。


Detailed reading language points5

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • noticeable

  • adj. Not easy to notice显而易见的,值得注意的, 引人注意的

  • 扩展:note vt. 注意;notice vt. 注意; 近义词notable adj. 值得注意的,显著的,著名的

  • The noticeable decrease in the number of travelers to China was attributable to the spread of SARS.

  • 由于SARS的流行,来中国旅游的人数大大减少。

  • For the purpose of developing her self-confidence, the teacher didn’t point out the noticeable mistakes in her speech in public.

  • 为了培养她的自信心,老师并没有当众指出她演讲中的明显的错误。


Detailed reading language points6

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • weaken

  • v. Make or become weak or weaker(使)变弱,(使)减弱

  • 扩展:weak adj.; weakness n.

  • 例句:To widen your life without deepening it is only to weaken it.

  • 扩大生活面而不加深,只能削弱生活。

  • True love does not get weakened with the passing of time, on the contrary, it gets strengthened.

  • 真正的爱情不因时光的流逝而减弱,相反,将更趋强烈。


Detailed reading language points7

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • useless

  • adj. 无用的

  • 扩展:反义词useful

  • No one is useless in this world who lightens the burden of someone else.

  • 能为别人减轻负担的人在这个世界上都是有用的。

  • It is useless to complain/complaining. What matters now is to find effective measures to deal with the difficulty.

  • 抱怨是没有用的。目前重要的是找到有效的措施解决当前的困难。


Detailed reading language points8

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • poison

  • vt. Give poisonous things to sb. to harm or kill them使中毒,放毒于,毒害 n. [C,U] a poisonous substance毒药,毒物

  • 扩展:poisonous adj. Causing death or illness if taken into the body

  • 搭配:poison gas 毒气 a poison plant 有毒植物

  • a poison-pen letter 匿名信 poisonous words 恶毒的话 poison one’s mind 毒害某人的思想

  • 例句:Hatred is a toxic. It poisons the mind, makes people unhappy and exhausts huge power which can be used to strive for great success.

  • 仇恨是一剂毒剂,它毒化人的精神,使人不快乐,并且把本可以用来争取成功的巨大能量消耗殆尽。

  • The use of poisons in Britain is controlled by legislation.

  • 在英国,毒剂的使用是受法律控制的。


Detailed reading language points9

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • helplessly

  • adv. Without the strength or power to do anything useful or to control or protect oneself 无助的

  • 例句:In our society, when a helpless person is confronted with trouble in life, there will always be a lot of warm-hearted people who are ready to offer their helping hands.

  • 在我们的社会里,当一个无助的人面临生活中巨大的困难和麻烦时,总会有许多热心肠的人们随时准备伸出援助之手。

  • I felt not only desperate but also helpless when all my friends deserted me.

  • 当所有的朋友离开我时,我不仅感到绝望而且感觉无助。


Detailed reading language points10

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > New Words

  • literally

  • adj. Used for showing that what one is saying is really true 确实的,真正的

  • 例句:Jane and I have literally nothing in common.

  • 我和简确实没有任何共同之处。

  • I am literally bored to death.

  • 我真的要烦死了!


Detailed reading language points11

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > Useful Expressions and Phrases

  • be dressed in

  • be dressed in 穿着

  • She keeps pace with the tide and is always dressed in the latest fashion.

  • 她紧跟时代潮流,总是穿着最时髦的服装。


Detailed reading language points12

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > Useful Expressions and Phrases

  • struggle to do

  • struggle to do 奋斗,挣扎

  • When she was ill, it was only her hope that sustained her and encouraged her to struggle to fight against illness.

  • 她生病时,只有希望支撑着她,鼓励她

  • 挣扎着与疾病做斗争。


Detailed reading language points13

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > Useful Expressions and Phrases

  • die of

  • die of 因(情感、疾病等)而死

  • The poor man inherits a great fortune and dies of a sudden illness soon afterwards, which really is one of life’s ironies.

  • 这个穷人继承了一大笔钱后很快就得了急病死了,这真是命运的捉弄。


Detailed reading language points14

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > Useful Expressions and Phrases

  • starve sb. of sth.

  • Starve sb. of sth.: not give somone sth. that is needed

  • 使缺乏;使得不到

  • People in this region are starved of dringking water.

  • 这个地区的人们极需饮用水。

  • The plant was starved of light and died.

  • 这棵植物因缺乏光照而死掉了。

  • The headmaster said the school was being starved of fund resources. 校长说学校缺乏资金财源。


Detailed reading language points15

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > Sentence Structure

  • 1. While she is doing her homework, her feet on the bench in front of her and her calculator clicking out answers to her geometry problems… (Para. 1)

  • logical subject + non-verbal predicate

  • In the sentence, “her feet on the bench in front of her” is an expression that describes the behavior or a minor event which goes together with the major event described in the clause.

  • Another example:

  • The man sat in the front row, his hands on the table. 那男子坐在前排,手放在桌子上。

  • This type of expression can be rewritten by adding “with”. The above example can thus be rewritten as follows:

  • The man sat in the front row, with his hands on the table.

  • Similarly, “her calculator clicking out answers” performs a similar function and can be rewritten in a similar way: with her calculator clicking out answers.


Detailed reading language points16

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > Sentence Structure

  • 2. They’re filtered, for which I am grateful. (Para. 1)

  • Meaning:…they have filters on them (to make them less harmful), and I’m thankful for that.

  • 谢天谢地,那是有过滤嘴的。

  • Pay attention to the “prep. + which” structure in the sentence. More examples:

  • Charles cheated in the exam, for which he was severely punished.

  • 查尔斯在考试中作弊,为此他受到了严厉的惩罚。

  • The police arrived, after which the situation became calmer.

  • 警察来了之后,局势平静了下来。


Detailed reading language points17

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > Sentence Structure

  • 2. She doesn’t know this, but it was Camels that my father, her grandfather, smoked. (Para. 2)

  • Meaning: She doesn’t know that what my father, her grandfather, smoked was Camel cigaretters.

  • The word “this” is used in the sentence to refer to the fact mentioned in the second part of the sentence. Examples:

  • Listen to this: They’ve canceled Friday’s meeting.

  • 听着,他们已经取消了星期五的会议。

  • “It is/was…that/who” is a structure used for emphasis. More examples:

  • It was the new machine that they used. 他们用的是新机器。

  • Notice that this structure can be used to emphasize any element of a clause except the verb. Another point to note is that “that”, not “when” or “where”, is used even when this structure is used to emphasize an adverbial of time or place. For example:

  • It was last month that I bought a video camera.

  • 我是在上个月买的摄像机。


Detailed reading language points18

Detailed Reading-language points

  • >> Language Point > Sentence Structure

  • 3. It is not unusual for the scientist to sleep only two or three hours a day. (Para.4)

  • 一天只睡两三个小时对这位科学家来说很平常。

  • Here in this sentence the negative word “not” and the negative prefix “un-” form an affirmative sentence. Examples of similar negation:

  • Today it is not unusual for people to send their children to study abroad.

  • 如今人们把孩子送到国外去读书是件很平常的事。

  • Heavy snow is not uncommon in the northeastern part of China.

  • 在中国东北地区下大雪是常事。


After reading guided practice

After Reading-guided practice

  • >> Guided Practice

  • cry

  • examine carefully

  • thankful

  • mainly

  • slight, not fat

  • smoke(slang); pull

weep

study

grateful

largely

slim

drag


After reading guided practice1

After Reading-guided practice

  • >> Guided Practice

  • near, close by

  • wear

  • link/associate with

  • rest on (for support)

  • make great effort to do

close at hand

be dressed in

couple with

lean on

struggle to do


After reading guided practice2

After Reading-guided practice

  • >> Guided Practice

  • 几何(学)

  • 平面几何

  • 立体几何

  • 解析几何

  • 一包香烟

  • 一包豌豆

geometry

plane geometry

solid geometry

analytical geometry

a package of cigarettes

a package of peas


After reading guided practice3

After Reading-guided practice

  • >> Guided Practice

  • 经验丰富老于世故的人

  • 家庭团聚

  • 老鼠药

  • 毒气

  • 农用杀虫剂

  • 化学杀虫剂

an experienced and worldly man

family reunion

rat poison

poison gas

agricultural insecticide

chemical insecticide


After reading story telling

  • Reference

After Reading-story telling

  • >> Story Telling

  • Group Work:Please retell the story with the words

  • and phrases given below.

My daughter, hardened myself against

feeling so bad, her grandfather smoked,

hopelessly hooked by cigarettes, it was

unnoticeable, Third World countries, starve

Of, sit by


After reading story telling1

After Reading-story telling

  • >> Story Telling > Reference

In the third World, the woman saw many people like her father and daughter. All of them were attracted by huge advertisements showing beautiful worldly girls and confident men dragging away. As in American cities and reservations (美国印第安部落的居留地), money intended for food was spent on tobacco so that over time people starve for food and air, weaken and hook their children and eventually kill themselves. She read in the newspaper that cigarette ends are so poisonous that if swallowed by a baby, it is likely to die; and in


After reading story telling2

After Reading-story telling

  • >> Story Telling > Reference

the gardening magazine, that water from a bunch of boiled ends is an effective insecticide.

She feels a deep hurt, a feeling of uselessness

as she remembers how carefully she ate when pregnant, how patiently she taught her daughter to cross a street safely. “For what?” she sometimes wonders. “So that my daughter can struggle to breathe most of her life, feel half her strength, and then die of self-poisoning, like her grandfather?”

She likes a quotation from a battered


After reading story telling3

After Reading-story telling

  • >> Story Telling > Reference

women’s shelter: “Peace on earth begins at home.” She believes everything does, so she

thinks of a quotation for people to stop smoking: “Every home is a no smoking zone”. She views smoking as self-battering which also batters those who helplessly watch. As a child, this mother sat by, through the years, and literally watched her father kill himself. Surely, she thinks, to lose one family member to the prosperous tobacco companies is enough.


After reading assignment

Structured Writing

After Reading-assignment

  • >> Assignment

  • Topic:

  • Problems for mixed marriage

  • Cause:

  • Cultural differences

  • Prejudices and doubts

  • Cruel to children from mixed marriage

  • Effect:

  • Higher divorce rates

HINTS:

Write a paragraph showing a cause-and-effect relation on the following topic.


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