IF CLAUSES (ŞART CÜMLELERİ). AYÇA ATEŞ İÖP-1 1090610148. IF CLAUSES. TYPE 1 TYPE 2 TYPE 3 MIXED TYPE. TYPE 1. TYPE 1:True in the present or future. İçimde bulunduğumuz anda ya da gelecekte, belli bir koşul yerine geldiğinde olabilecek olayları type 1- if clause ile ifade ederiz.
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IF CLAUSES(ŞART CÜMLELERİ)
If it doesn’t raintomorrow, we will go on a picnic.
Perhaps she will come tomorrow. Then we will study together.
If she comes tomorrow, we will study together.
She applied to a computer firm last week, and she may get the job. If she is hired, she will be working there
If the weather continues like this, we may/might/could cancel the garden party at the weekend.
( Perhaps we will cancel the party.)
If you finish the test earlier than expected, you may/can leave the classroom. (permission)
If you don’t want to be late for the beginning of the film,you have to/must/have gotto leave at once.
If you boil water, it evaporates. (“will evaporate”de kullanılabilir.)
If you can pass the university exam, you will be one of the lucky ones. (ability)
She has an exam tomorrow, so she may have to prepare for it tonight.
If she has tostudy tonight, she won’t be able to come to the cinema with us
If you are looking for your slippers, they are under the cupboard.
If you have finished reading that book, may l borrow it for a while?
“If”li cümlede “should” kullanmamız, olasılığın biraz daha az olduğunu vurgular.
If you need any help, l can help you.
Truth: l don’t have enough money now, so l can’t lend you any to buy that shirt.(present)
Conditional:If l had enough money now, l would lend you some money to buy that shirt.
l’ m not rich, so l can’t travel around the world
If l were rich, l would travel around the world.
l don’t know any French , so l can’t help you with your French assingment now.
If l knew some French, l could help you with your French assingment now.(meaning: present)
If it weren’t wet now, we could go out for a walk.(meaning: present)
If they weren’t out of town next week, we could /would visit them
They won’t come to our party tomorrow,and l am disappointed.
If they came to our party tomorrow, l would be happy. (meaning: future)
I am studying now, so I can’t help you.
If I weren’t studying now, I could help you.
I can’t leave work early today, so I can’t meet you to go to the cinema.
If I could leave work early today, we could go to the cinema together.
If I should see him tomorrow, I would give him your message.
Truth:She didn’t study hard enough, so she didn’t pass the test.
Conditional: If she had studied hard enough, she would have passed the test.
She didn’t work regularly, so she didn’t finish the project in time.
If she had worked regularly, she would have finished the project in time
I ran to the bus stop, so I was able to catch the bus.
If I hadn’t run to the bus stop, I wouldn’thave been able to catch the bus.
He had the necessary qualifications, so he got the job.
If he hadn’t had the necessary qualifications, he might not got the job.
There weren’t enough people, so we had to cancel the meeting.
If there had been enough people, we would have held the meeting.
She was sleeping when I got home, so I couldn’t give her the good news right away.
If she hadn’t been sleeping when I got home, I could have given her the good news right away.
I had to work on my project last night, so I missed my favourite programme on TV.
If I hadn’t had to work on my project last night, I could have watched my favourite programme on TV.
You can’t pass the exam if you don’t study.
You can’t pass the exam unless you study.
PREPARED BY AYÇA ATEŞ