Modern united states history a survey 1980 to 2000
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Modern United States History A Survey 1980 to 2000. Mr. Bach United States History. The Conservative Revolution. Ronald Reagan becomes the 40 th President in 1980 Republicans win control of the Senate for the first time in 28 years. “Are you better off than you were four years ago?”.

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Modern United States History A Survey 1980 to 2000

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Modern United States HistoryA Survey1980 to 2000

Mr. Bach

United States History

The Conservative Revolution

  • Ronald Reagan becomes the 40th President in 1980

  • Republicans win control of the Senate for the first time in 28 years

“Are you better off than you were four years ago?”

Sandra Day O’Connor - 1981

  • Reagan appoints the first woman to the Supreme Court


  • Also called Supply-Side Economics

    • Provide tax cuts to stimulate investment and consumption

    • Reduce government spending

    • Reduce government regulation

Tax Cuts do not Decrease Government Revenue

The Down Side – Budget Deficits

Taking on the “Evil Empire”

  • Reagan approved a 40% increase in defense spending from 1981 to 1985.

  • “Peace Through Strength” (Deterrence)

The Immorality of M.A.D.

  • The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)

    • “Star Wars”

  • Soviet Union could not keep up with computer-based weaponry

The Bombing in Beirut - 1983

  • 241 Americans are killed by suicide bombers in barracks in Beirut, Lebanon.

    • Hezbollah (backed by Iran) claims responsibility

The Computer Revolution

  • New Industries emerge as a result of the power of the Personal Computer

  • Silicon Valley, California

The Summits with Gorbachev

  • A moderate, Mikhail Gorbachev, was someone Reagan could work with.

    • Perestroika and Glasnost

The Challenger Disaster - 1986

  • We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them, this morning, as they prepared for their journey and waved goodbye and 'slipped the surly bonds of Earth' to 'touch the face of God”

Bombing of Libya - 1986

  • Reagan launches air strikes on Libya in retaliation for state-sponsored terrorist bombings

  • Colonel Muammar Gaddafi

The AIDS Epidemic

  • Reagan is criticized for remaining silent on AIDS for years as it ravages America

    • Controversy over its impact in the gay community

    • Controversy over sex education in schools

The War on Drugs

  • Spurred on by the crack epidemic in the inner-cities, Reagan increases funding for the Drug War.

  • Nancy Reagan’s “Just Say No” Campaign

The Iran-Contra Affair - 1987

  • Members of the Reagan Administration are caught subverting acts of Congress

    • Selling weapons to the Mullahs in Iran in exchange for their help in freeing American hostages in Lebanon

    • Laundering the money by sending it to the Contras in Nicaragua

“Read my lips . . . No New Taxes!”

Fall of the Berlin Wall - 1989

  • The Iron Curtain and the Berlin Wall collapse in Europe

  • Mikhail Gorbachev refuses to resist the force of history

  • Bush plays it cool

Tiananmen Square - 1989

  • Chinese students push for democracy in Communist China

  • Student uprising is crushed by Red Army Tanks

Savings and Loan Crisis

  • President Bush authorizes the bailout of the S&L Industry to the tune of $125 billion.

  • Contributes to large deficits

  • Causes by deregulation

The Persian Gulf War - 1991

  • Caused by Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait

  • Bush rallies a multinational force through the UN to expel Saddam from Kuwait.

  • Decision is made not to remove Saddam from power

The Rodney King Riots - 1992

  • Home video captures white LAPD officers beating black motorist Rodney King

  • When all officers are acquitted, South Central LA erupts in rioting

The 1992 Recession

  • Causes:

    • Black Monday (1987): DOW lost 22%

    • S&L Crisis

    • Oil Spike during Desert Storm

    • Budget Deficits

  • Bush must raise taxes

William Jefferson Clinton

  • Governor of Arkansas

  • New Democrat

    • Reaction to Reaganism

    • More moderate on social issues

    • Open to tax cuts, free trade, and deregulation

“It’s the Economy, Stupid!”

Health Care Reform

  • Clinton proposes Universal Health Care

  • Derided as HillaryCare as the First Lady leads the policy initiative

World Trade Center Bombing - 1993

  • Truck bomb in parking garage kills six and wounds over a thousand

  • RamziYousef

The Disaster in Waco, Texas - 1993

  • The FBI and the ATF raid the Branch Davidian compound of leader David Koresh

  • Multiple children die in the assault

1994 – Republican Resurgence

  • Republicans take back the House of Representatives

  • Contract with America

    • Series of conservative policies members pledge to fight for

Free Trade

  • Clinton signs NAFTA and enters U.S. in WTO

  • Pros  More markets for American goods, cheaper products

  • Cons  outsourcing, unfair competition

The OJ Simpson Case - 1994

  • Celebrity OJ Simpson is accused of murdering his wife and a visitor in his home.

  • Simpson is acquitted.

  • Payback for Rodney King?

Oklahoma City Bombing - 1995

  • 168 Americans are killed in a truck bomb blast

  • Worst act of domestic terrorism in US History

  • Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols

Welfare Reform Act - 1996

  • Bill Clinton: “I will end welfare as we know it.”

  • Part of Contract with America

    • Workfare

The Monica Lewinsky Scandal

  • “I did not have sexual relations with that woman.”

  • Clinton denies the affair in the Paula Jones sexual harassment suit

Impeachment of the President

  • Bill Clinton is impeached on:

    • Obstruction of justice

    • Perjury

    • Malfeasance in Office

  • Approval ratings highest in his presidency

The War in Kosovo - 1999

  • US leads NATO forces to stop Serbian-led genocide of Muslims in former Yugoslavia

  • Peacekeeping forces remain

1990s Economic Boom

  • Causes

    • Light regulation on industry

    • Dot Com Boom

    • End of Cold War (low defense spending)

  • Clinton runs a budget surplus at end of term

The Dot Com Bubble

  • The popularity of the Internet sends investment capital to any “Dot Com” start up.

  • Contributes to the recession of the late 90s.

Immigration: 1980 to 2000

  • Largest period of immigration in American history

  • New arrivals from Middle East, Asia, and Central America


  • Movement to respect and value the many cultures in America

  • Mixed salad instead of the melting pot

  • Political Correctness

Bush v. Gore

  • Extremely close election comes down to a few hundred votes in Florida

  • Hanging Chads, Voter Intent, Butterfly Ballot

  • Supreme Court orders recount to end in a 5-4 decision

Gore wins popular vote count but loses in Electoral College to Bush.

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