Workshop fishing forever
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Workshop Fishing forever?. Arjan de Vries, Lise Alix and Wendy Vercruijsse. Workshop set-up. Play the pre-fisheries game 20 min. Theory on ocean’s management 20 min. Questions 5 min. Play the main fisheries game 40 min.

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Workshop fishing forever

Workshop Fishing forever?

Arjan de Vries, Lise Alix and Wendy Vercruijsse


Workshop set up

Workshop set-up

  • Play the pre-fisheries game 20 min.

  • Theory on ocean’s management 20 min.

  • Questions 5 min.

  • Play the main fisheries game 40 min.

  • Workshop evaluation 10 min.


What happens in the oceans

What happens in the oceans?

  • Global fishstocks

  • Ocean management

  • Dutch coastal situation

  • Fisheries certification

  • What fish to eat/to avoid

  • Questions


Global fish stock crisis

Global fish stock crisis

12%

28%


But fishing continues

But fishing continues....

Source: FAO. (2011) Review of the state of the world marine fishery resources


Ecosystem damage

Ecosystem damage

Bycatch

Bottom destruction by trawling


Ocean management

Ocean management?


Tragedy of the commons

Tragedy of the Commons


Fisheries controls

Fisheries controls

  • Effort limitations

  • Technical measures

  • Fish quota

  • Fleet reduction

  • Marine reserves or No-Take zones

  • Fishing rights


North sea desert

North sea desert


Dutch sea management

Dutch Sea management

North Sea Wadden Sea

EU Common fisheries

policy

Fleet reduction

Effort control Marine reserve with selective fishing

Total allowable catch activities

Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperative and Dutch

Government


The future

The future

Earth Summit in June, 2012.

At this moment proposals are made:

10% of ocean as marine reserve, banning subsidies, phazing out trawling, improving enforcement on high seas and ports (illigal fishing) and improved coordination on flags of convenience ships.


The reform of the eu cfp 2013

The reform of the EU CFP 2013

Key points:

  • Discard ban

  • Maximum Sustainable Yield 2015

  • Regionalization

  • Social Dimension

  • Transferable Fishing Concessions


Msc label

MSC label

Principles:

1. Sustainable fish stocks

2. Minimizing environmental impact

3. Effective management


Dining out

Dining out?

Nobu’s Pathagonian Toothfish

McDonalds Fish-o-Filet

http://www.noburestaurants.com/miami/private-events/set-menus/


Fish to avoid eating

Fish to avoid eating

  • Atlantic cod

  • Tuna

  • Orange Roughy/

    Empereur


Rather eat these fish

Rather eat these fish:

  • North sea herring

  • White mullet

  • Japanese oyster


Links

Links

  • Msc certificate: http://www.msc.org

  • Viswijzer: http://www.goedevis.nl/Goedevis

  • Sustainable fish market: http://www.goedevissers.nl

  • Stichting de Noordzee: http://www.noordzee.nl/

  • EU seas: http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/atlas

    Book used: Charles Clover,(2005) The End of the line. Ebury Pres, London.

    Sustainable workshops: www.upgreenup.nl

    Permaculture projects Arjan: www.resilientculture.com


Questions

Questions?


Why european seas as managed commons fails

Why European seas as managed commons fails

  • Lack of enfocement and too many fishermen

  • These are the 2 definitions of management failures according to Hardins tragedy of the commons.

  • P.149


Maximum sustainable yield

Maximum Sustainable yield

Based on taking the amount of stock that maximizes profits on the assumption that reduced stocks enhance biological capacity and thus

increase fish population

growth.

But....these assumptions are highly vulnareble to miscalculations, environmental disasters, fish diseases etc.


Subsidies

Subsidies

  • Creates overcapacity


Black fish

Black fish

Illegally fished in Europe:

60% of Hake

50% of cod in Brittain

  • 50% of saith


Top ten species fully exploited

Top ten species fully exploited


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