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Expt. 10-1 : P-elements and Enhancer Trapping. Expt. 10: P-elements and Enhancer Trapping. Naturally occurring P-elements: Transposase gene between two inverted repeats. Transposase. 31 bp Inverted Repeat. Tnp Binding Site. 9 or 21 bp Spacer. Organization of the P Element.

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Expt. 10-1: P-elements and

Enhancer Trapping


Expt. 10: P-elements and

Enhancer Trapping

  • Naturally occurring P-elements: Transposase gene between two inverted repeats

Transposase


Organization of the p element

31 bp Inverted

Repeat

Tnp Binding

Site

9 or 21 bp Spacer

Organization of the P Element

Transposase ORF

2.9 kb P Element


NNNNNNNNNCATGATGAAATAACATA

NNNNNNNNN

3’-OH

5’-P

AGGTGG

GTACTACTTTATTGTATTCCACC

P -5’

HO-3’

Transposase catalyzes a 17bp staggered cleavage event

5’ Cleavage Site

NNNNNNNNNCATGATGAAATAACATAAGGTGG

NNNNNNNNNGTACTACTTTATTGTATTCCACC

3’ Cleavage Site


+

P Element


8 bp target site

duplication

P Element

P element integration generates an 8 bp target site duplication



Taking Advantage of P-elements

-Mutagenesis -Insertional mutations easy to clone.


Taking Advantage of P-elements

  • -Mutagenesis Insertional mutations (easy to clone).

    • Imprecise excisions lead to frameshifts

    • and deletions.


Taking Advantage of P-elements

  • Germline transformation


Taking Advantage of P-elements

  • -Mutagenesis

  • Germline transformation

    • 1.Design transgene with inverted repeats.


Taking Advantage of P-elements

  • -Mutagenesis

  • Germline transformation

    • 1.Design transgene with inverted repeats.

    • 2.Mix with transposase gene


Taking Advantage of P-elements

  • -Mutagenesis

  • Germline transformation

    • 1.Design transgene with inverted repeats.

    • 2.Mix with transposase gene

    • 3.Inject into germline of embryo


Taking Advantage of P-elements

  • Germline transformation

    • 1.Design transgene with inverted repeats.

    • 2.Mix with source of transposase

    • 3.Inject into germline of embryo

    • 4.Look for transformants in F1.

YFG


Taking Advantage of P-elements

  • -Mutagenesis

  • Germline transformation

  • Enhancer trapping Use regulatory information from nearby genes to drive expression of a transgene


Mechanics of Enhancer Trapping:

  • Modified P-element contains:

    • Inverted repeats

    • Basic promoter sequences

    • Molecular marker gene (e.g. b-galactosidase)

    • Phenotypic marker (e.g. w+, ry+)

  • Mobilize using transposase

  • Confirm hopping in F1 (phenotype)

  • Look for interesting/desired expression pattern in F2 with lacZ staining


Mechanics of Enhancer Trapping:

  • Modified P-element contains:

    • Inverted repeats

    • Basic promoter sequences

    • Molecular marker gene (e.g. b-galactosidase)

    • Phenotypic marker (e.g. w+, ry+)

  • Mobilize using transposase

  • Confirm hopping in F1 (phenotype)

  • Look for interesting/desired expression pattern in F2 with lacZ staining


Attached X females

^

XY X XXY


Attached X females

^

XY X XXY

^

XXX Sterile

^

XXY Female

XY Male

YY Dead


+ P[lacZ, ry+], Cy ry+ + Ki D2-3, ry+

+Sco ryY + +

X


+ P[lacZ, ry+], Cy ry+ + Ki D2-3, ry+

+ Sco ryY + +

X

+ P[lacZ, ry+], CyKi D2-3, ry+XX + ry

Y+ ryY + ry

(phenotype=Cy, Ki, ry+)


+ P[lacZ, ry+], Cy ry+ + Ki D2-3, ry+

+ Sco ryY + +

X

+ P[lacZ, ry+], CyKi D2-3, ry+XX + ry

Y +ryY + ry

(phenotype Cy, Ki, ry+)

^

X

^


+ P[lacZ, ry+], Cy ry+ + Ki D2-3, ry+

+ Sco ryY + +

X

+ P[lacZ, ry+], CyKi D2-3, ry+XX + ry

Y +ry Y + ry

(Cy, Ki, ry+)

^

X

+P?+P?ryP?XX + ry

Y + ry Y + ry

(not Cy, not Ki. If carrying

a jumped P, will be ry+)

^


+ P[lacZ, ry+], Cy ry+ + Ki D2-3, ry+

+ Sco ryY + +

X

+ P[lacZ, ry+], CyKi D2-3, ry+XX + ry

Y +ry Y + ry

(Cy, Ki, ry+)

^

X

+P?+P?ryP?XX + ry

Y + ry Y + ry (not Cy, not Ki. If carrying

a jumped P, will be ry+)

^

X

Stain F2 for lacZ

Look for desired

expression pattern



The Ovariole ovaries.

Germarium

Germarium


The Ovariole ovaries.


The Egg Chamber ovaries.

Nurse Cells

Oocyte,

follicle cells


Staining Ovaries ovaries.

Schematic Summary

  • Dissect ovaries out of abdomen in NaPO4 buffer (movie!).

  • Devitallinize with heptane

  • Fix ovaries and wash

  • Add X-GAL, the substrate for b-galactosidase.

  • Wash when dark enough, and observe.

  • We are using enhancer traps that express in

    • Follicle cells

    • Nurse cells and oocyte


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