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Genres of Literature. Fiction and Non-Fiction. Fiction and Non-Fiction. Genres of literature are divided into (2) categories Non-Fictions are informational texts dealing with real-life subjects Real or Actual Fictions are narrative literary works produced by the imagination Made-Up.

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Genres of literature

Genres of Literature

Fiction and Non-Fiction

Fiction and non fiction
Fiction and Non-Fiction

  • Genres of literature are divided into (2) categories

  • Non-Fictions are informational texts dealing with real-life subjects

    • Real or Actual

  • Fictions are narrative literary works produced by the imagination

    • Made-Up

How to remember the difference
How to Remember the Difference

  • Remember: Fact or Fiction

Non fiction

  • Essays

  • Biographies

  • Autobiographies

  • Speeches

  • Text Books


  • A short literary composition that reflects the author’s outlook or point

  • Usually analytic, speculative, or interpretive

    • Makes a judgment on something

      Example: Anything by David Sedaris and Chuck Pahlunuk’s Stranger than Fiction


  • A written account of another person’s life

    • Somebody wrote about someone else


      John Adams

      by David McCullough


  • A history of a person, written or spoken by the same person

  • Usually a narrative

  • Usually inaccurate

    • Recreates events

    • History


      Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass


  • Expressions of thoughts and emotions by speech, sounds, and gestures

    Examples: Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech and Malcolm X’s “Who Taught You to Hate Yourself” speech


  • Drama

  • Poetry

  • Short Story

  • Fantasy

  • Fable

  • Fairy Tales

  • Science Fiction

  • Realistic Fiction

  • Historical Fiction

  • Tall Tale

  • Legend

  • Mythology


  • Composed for theatrical performance

  • Conflicts and emotion are expressed through dialogue and action


    William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and Richard III, Wicked, and The Lion King


  • Verse and rhythmic writing

  • Imagery evokes an emotional response

  • Visually interesting

  • Interesting word choice (diction)

  • May or may not follow a rhyme scheme

  • Various types of poems

    • Haikus, epics, etc.

      Examples: Tim Michin

Short story
Short Story

  • Brief work of fiction

  • One central story without subplots

  • Contemporary short stories are oftentimes published in collections or magazines

    Example: Flannery O’Connor’s “A Good Man’s Hard to Find”


  • Incorporates fantastical, magical, imaginative creatures or settings in a way that is essential

  • Suspension of disbelief

    Example: J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings Trilogy

Fables and fairy tales
Fables and Fairy Tales

  • Have similar characteristics to fantasy, but usually teach a moral or lesson

  • Fables usually have animals or inanimate objects as the main characters

  • Fairy tales employ goblins, fairies, trolls, etc.

    Example: Grimm’s Fairy Tales

Science fiction
Science Fiction

  • Based on the impact of potential science (actual or imagined)

  • Sometimes set in the future, alternate realities, or other planets


    William S. Burroughs’s John Carter of Mars

Realistic fiction
Realistic Fiction

  • Can happen in real life

Historical fiction
Historical Fiction

  • Fictional characters

  • Fictional events

  • Has a historical setting

Tall tale
Tall Tale

  • Exaggerated story

  • Usually humorous

  • Heroes achieve impossible feats

  • Legends are people who actually existed, but have stories told about them that contain imagined material

    Can you think of any examples?


  • Explanation of natural phenomena

  • Human nature

  • Pertains to the actions of the gods

  • Shows a model of behavior