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Overview. Highlight for HIB In-service. A school-based overview related to NJSA: 18A, 37-15 (3)(b)(3) In-service presentation, 9/2/08 John C. Lestino, MA District School Psychologist Edgewater Park Schools. Three Sound Bites to Remember.

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Overview

Overview

Highlight for HIB

In-service


A school-based overviewrelated toNJSA: 18A, 37-15 (3)(b)(3)

In-service presentation, 9/2/08

John C. Lestino, MA

District School Psychologist

Edgewater Park Schools


Three sound bites to remember
Three Sound Bites to Remember

  • School Climate is most important factor affecting nature and extent of bullying in school.

  • Bystanders play crucial role in dynamics of bullying behavior.

  • Committed Coordinating Committee is most important feature of a bullying prevention program:

    • spearheads the effort

    • maintains momentum

    • keeps issue on front burner



Two ways in which power is determined in social groups

Agonic

Resource-holding potential

Toughest wins the most fights

Hedonic

Power determined by social attention

Achieve status by showing talent, being knowledgeable and/ or attractiveness

Two Ways in Which Power Is Determined in Social Groups


Social development in early and mid adolescence
Social Development In Early and Mid-Adolescence

  • Increased importance of peer relationships

    • Look to peers for guidance on behavior and affirmation of individual worth

  • Development of young person’s racial, ethnic, religious, sexual/gender identity

    • May lead to hostility toward those who are “different”…i.e. so called non-normative…

  • Important period of social development

    • Behavior patterns learned during this time usually persist


LGBT

  • Gay Teen's Killing Labeled a Hate Crime

  • By REBECCA CATHCART, The New York Times

  • Posted: 2008-02-23 17:20:18

  • Filed Under: Nation News


It s the law http www njleg state nj us 2000 bills s2500 2408 i1 htm
It’s the law…http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/2000/Bills/S2500/2408_I1.HTM


Njsa 18a 37 15 3 b 3 or the 10 commandments plus 1
NJSA: 18A, 37-15 (3)(b)(3) or “The 10 Commandmentsplus, 1…”

1.   Prohibition

2.   Definition

3.   Description

4.   Consequences5.   Procedure(s)6.   Principal/Promptness7.   Range of Responses8.   Prohibition of Reprisals9.   Falsely Accused

10. Policy Publication11. Employee Training


A definition of harassment intimidation and bullying
A Definition of Harassment, Intimidation, and Bullying…

“Harassment, intimidation or bullying” means any gesture or written, verbal or physical act that takes place on school property, at any school-sponsored function or on a school bus and that…

  • is motivated by any actual or perceived characteristic, such as race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, or a mental, physical or sensory disability; or

  • by any other distinguishing characteristic; and

  • a reasonable person should know, under the circumstances, that the act(s) will have the effect of harming a student or damaging the student’s property; or

  • has the effect of insulting or demeaning any student or group of students in such a way as to cause substantial disruption in, or substantial interference with, the orderly operation of the school…



Unified discipline white 1996
Unified Discipline (White, 1996)

  • Clearly described school and classroom rules

  • Similar and consistent correction procedures when students misbehave

  • Roles and responsibilities are described for all school personnel

Doll, et al.


Social and emotional learning
Social and Emotional Learning

CASEL: Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning


Cyber bullying

Cyber Bullying

Frank J. Epifanio, PhD, NCSP

Rowan University

Special thanks…. For the excerpts on cyber-bullying adapted from:

Dr. Frank Epifanio…Rowan University, NASP, 2008

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Verbal bullying
Verbal Bullying

  • Name calling, teasing, insults

  • Often considered part of a normal stage of development

  • Teachers may not be sensitive to this type of bullying (Bauman, 2005)

  • Can easily escalate to physical bullying

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Relational bullying
Relational Bullying

  • Can also be considered indirect verbal bullying

    • (Raskauskas& Stolz, 2007)

  • Involves rumors or exclusion from a social group

  • Relational bullying found its home online via emails, instant messages, web pages, and blogs

  • 23


    Cyber bullying1
    Cyber bullying

    • Cyber bullying is a form of relational aggression (bullying) that causes fear, isolation, and humiliation among its victims

    24


    Effects of bullying
    Effects of bullying

    Research has shown that bullying can seriously affect the mental and physical health of children and has a deleterious effect on their academic work.

    25


    26


    Preliminary research indicates that victims of cyber bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    27


    Cyber bullying2
    Cyber Bullying bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    • Adolescents are “digital natives”

      • They have been “weaned” on the internet

    • Teachers, parents, and school administrators are “digital immigrants”

      • They are striving to keep up with advances in technology

        • Raskauskas & Stolz, 2007

    28


    . bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    • Teenagers are adept at manipulating photos and posting them online

    • With camera phones and camera videos they are able to take pictures of fellow students in various situations – lavatories, locker rooms, etc.

    29


    Cyber bullying modalities
    Cyber bullying modalities bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    • Instant Messaging (IMs)

    • Electronic Mail

    • Text Messaging (SMS)

    • Social Networking Sites

    30


    . bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    Chat Rooms

    Blogs

    Web Sites

    Internet Gaming

    31


    Methods of cyber bullying
    Methods of Cyber Bullying bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    • Flaming

    • Harassment

    • Denigration

    • Impersonation

    32


    Outing/Trickery bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    Exclusion/Ostracism

    Cyber stalking

    33


    Prevention
    Prevention bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    School wide prevention programs are critical and this prevention needs to infused throughout the curriculum.

    Cyber bullying and bullying prevention need to be part of the district’s character education program

    Cyber safety also needs to be taught at every level of technology training for students and staff

    34


    Cyber safety
    Cyber Safety bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    • Teach kids to use the save feature

      • Save the evidence

        • Print copies of messages and websites

        • Use the save feature instant messages

    35


    Cyber safety1
    Cyber Safety bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    • Teach kids to use the blocking feature

      • Ignore, delete, or block the sender

      • Most e-mail, instant message programs, and cells phones have blocking features

        • Blocking may not solve the problem – many kids are tech savvy and are able to set up proxy servers to bypass blocks.

    36


    Cyber safety2
    Cyber Safety bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    • Web spaces usually have a link to report to a moderator

      • The link for reporting cyber bullying can usually be found on the help menu of most websites

        • For example My Space has a help center on its site that provides a link for reporting offensive or threatening content

    37


    Cyber safety3
    Cyber Safety bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    • Report cyber bullying to police if cyber bullying contains threats, intimidation, or exploitation

      • Agaston, 2007

    38


    Cyber safety4
    Cyber Safety bullying experience the same mental health risks as victims of school yard bullying

    Students need to know that they can tell a trusted adult.

    Many students do not believe that adults will be helpful and they fear retribution if it get out that they “ratted”

    Set up a system so that bystanders can anonymously alert adults if they believe a fellow student is being targeted by a cyber bully

    Agaston, 2007

    39


    40


    Who can help
    Who can help? when they do help it makes a difference


    Hib consultation highway
    HIB ‘consultation highway’ when they do help it makes a difference

    •  Confirm discussion with your building principal and/or designee.

    •  Be prompt.

    •  Relay your perspective of why you are requesting a HIB consultation.

    •  Discuss your concerns with the parent(s).

    •  Report on-going progress or concerns.

    •  Review appropriate classroom procedures, discussion, and/or consultation strategies, interventions, and/or techniques.

    •  Inform other appropriate school staff in a timely fashion….e.g. Grade-level colleague(s), counselor(s), school nurse, CST, other staff…


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