Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety
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Welcome to Oman Driving in Oman - Road Safety. Trevor Harrison - CSM/6 Corporate Road Safety Adviser. Driving in Oman is Different!. Arrive in Oman Fit & Healthy. Enjoy Working & Living In Oman (2 - 4 years?). Road Traffic Accident?. Leave Oman Fit & Healthy. NO.

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Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

Welcome to OmanDriving in Oman -Road Safety

Trevor Harrison - CSM/6

Corporate Road Safety Adviser


Driving in oman is different

Driving in Oman is Different!


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

Arrive

in

Oman

Fit &

Healthy

Enjoy

Working

&

Living

In Oman

(2 - 4 years?)

Road

Traffic

Accident?

Leave

Oman

Fit &

Healthy

NO

No Injury /

Minor Injury!

YES

The PDO Journey


Coastal driving some characteristics

Coastal Driving - Some Characteristics

  • Rule Breaking is Common

  • Erratic / Unpredictable

  • Inconsiderate

  • Roads Difficult

Summary - Immature Driving Environment


Interior driving some characteristics

Interior Driving - Some Characteristics

  • Graded Roads

  • Wadis

  • Animals - Collision Risk

  • Remote - In the event of an Accident:

    • may take hours to get help

    • Police Only

    • NO EFFECTIVE AMBULANCE OR FIRE SERVICE

  • Hostile Environment

Summary - Harsh / Unforgiving Environment


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

What Are the Risks?

Driving is probably Your MostDangerous

activity

Driving in Oman is some 5 to 10 times more dangerous than driving in Europe

Oman:

1996: - 512 Road Accident Fatalities

1997: - 549 Road Accident Fatalities

1998: - 614 Fatalities - Including 50 children below the age of 6(not wearing Seat Belts?)

PDO Road Safety Figures are comparable

with some European countries

Note - 1966 to 1998.

RTA Fatalities

have increased

by 20%


What causes most accidents

What causes most accidents?

The Driver

  • Acts to cause an accident - Deliberate Acts of Rule Breaking - eg speeding, illegal overtaking

  • Fails to act to prevent an accident - eg not looking ahead, not driving defensively

  • Fails to act to reduce the consequences of an accident- eg does not ensure seatbelts are worn


What keeps you safe on the road

What Keeps you Safe on the Road?

A GOOD DRIVER

The Driver

controls

90% of the Risk

- see below

“Root cause analysis, shows that human error accounts for more than

90% of road accidents.”

-Safety Features of Light Vehicles and Mini Buses.

Shell Health, Safety and Environment Committee, July 1997.

“In more than 90% of traffic accidents, human error is the cause;

accidents do not just happen by chance, they are the consequences of unsafe driving practices.”

- Roadcraft - The Police Driver’s Handbook, Page 1, Chapter 1, The Stationary Office, UK, 1997.


What does it mean to be a good driver

What Does it Mean to be a Good Driver?

Medically

Fit

A Good Driver

Experience

ATTITUDE

Knowledge

Skills

Personal Decision

Training


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

ATTITUDE

  • Expect the Unexpected

  • Be Fully Aware of what is happening around you on the road - at the same time maintain a Relaxed and Detached ATTITUDE

  • Make a Personal Decision that:

    • Safety of People Comes First

    • Anything Else Comes Second

Your First Objective

should be to:

To Complete Your

Journey Safely


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

ATTITUDE

  • Personal Decision:

  • Safety of People Comes First

  • Anything else comes second


Some local laws

Some Local Laws

  • Illegal to Drink and Drive - Permitted Alcohol Level for driving is ZERO(Check your insurance policy - you are probably not insured if you have been drinking)

  • Illegal to drive whilst using GSM

  • Illegal to overtake on the right

  • Traffic from the left has priority - traffic turning right gives way to traffic turning left- see ‘A Guide to Family Safety, p62’


Vehicle wish list safety

Vehicle Wish List - Safety

  • Keep the Driver Comfortable and in Control:

  • Good:- Lights / Brakes / Steering / Tyres

  • Accident Mitigation: Mass of at least 1000 kg / 3 point inertia seat belts / air bags / head restraints / side impact protection / roll cage & luggage screen (4WD)

Personal Choice


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

2 to 3

Tonnes

1

Tonne

Conceptual Difference - 2WD vs 4WD

4WDs - BIG DISADVANTAGES:

Large mass / High CG / Long, soft springs

Can be difficult to control

DANGER OF ROLLOVER

4 Wheel Drive

Saloon Car

4WDs - BIG ADVANTAGES:

High Driving Position / Excellent Visibility

Enables: - look ahead / early hazard identification /

early reaction to hazards


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

Safety Notice displayed inside a Jeep Cherokee

This utility vehicle handles and maneuvers differently

from many passenger cars both on-road and off-road.

You must drive it safely. As with other utility vehicles if

you make sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers, you may

cause this vehicle to go out of control and roll over

and crash.

You or your passengers may be seriously injured.


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

Danger - Rollover

  • Avoidance:

  • Good Driving

  • Rules - Speed

  • Tyres

  • Driving Course

  • Survival:

  • Speed

  • Seat Belts

  • Rollcage

  • First Aid


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

Danger - Collision

  • Survival:

  • Seat Belts

  • Air bags

  • Mass

  • First Aid

  • Avoidance:

  • Good Driving

  • Rules - Speed

  • Safe Distance Rule

  • Defensive Driving

  • ATTITUDE


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

Danger- Graded Road:

- Collision

- Rollover

  • Avoidance:

  • Good Driving

  • Dust Code

  • Headlights

  • Speed - 80 kph max

  • Survival:

  • Seat Belts

  • Rollcage

  • First Aid


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

Danger - Getting Lost

- Stuck

- Broken-down

  • Avoidance:

  • Planning / Maps

  • Good Maintenance

  • 2nd Vehicle

  • Equipment:

    • Spade / Rope /

    • Sand boards

    • Air Jack / Spares

  • Survival:

  • Journey Management

  • Stay with vehicle

  • WATER!


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

Danger - Rain

- Wadis

  • Avoidance:

  • - Stay home if it is Raining!

  • Roads:

  • - Safe Following Distance

  • Wadis

  • - Slow down

  • - Don’t cross unless it is safe

  • - 4WD Low Ratio

  • - IF IN DOUBT WAIT!

  • Survival:

  • Water level can change quickly

  • Reach place of safety if possible


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

Danger - Driving on Camp

  • Survival:

  • Seat Belts

  • First Aid

  • 5555

  • Avoidance:

  • Good Driving

  • Rules - Speed - 50 kph


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

That Extra Speed does make a Difference!

Vehicle - Pedestrian Collision

Likelihood of killing the Pedestrian

30kph - 5%

50 kph - 50%

65 kph - almost 100%

Bullbars make the front of a vehicle

“more aggressive”.

In the event of a collision the

likelihood of a fatality is increased.


Welcome to oman driving in oman road safety

Danger - School Car Park

School Car Park: -

The place where

20 kg children meet

2000 kg vehicles

  • Avoidance:

  • Speed - Walking Pace!!!

  • Survival:

  • First Aid

  • 5555


Night driving

Night Driving

Avoid it if you can outside of the coastal area:

  • Difficult on graded roads

  • Increased risk of hitting camels and other animals

  • Other vehicles may not be using lights or do not use them properly

    Try to complete your journey by sunset


What to do in case of an accident

What to do in case of an accident

  • Documents to carry:

    • Driving Licence / Motor Vehicle Licence / Labour Card-Expats

  • Call Police Directly or Call PDO

  • Do Not Move Vehicles

  • Injured people - first aid / common sense

  • Emergency Numbers:

    • ROP EMERGENCY - 999

    • PDO - Immediate Assistance - (67)5555

    • PDO - Vehicle Damage - 677488 / 675445

      • Pager 9124003 - Outside Office Hours


Courses

Occupational Training International

Al Khuwair

Tel - 604741 / 695363

Fax 692201 / 692203

Driving:

Interior Driving - 1 Day - OR45

Off Road -  Day - OR 45

Defensive Driving - 1 Day - OR 85

First Aid:

Basic Life Support - 1 Day - OR 25

Practical 1st Aid - 2 day - OR 40

Industrial 1st Aid - 4 day - OR 70

National Training Institute

Madinat Qaboos

Tel- 605273

Fax - 607720

Offroad Driving - Thursday am (Now cancelled due to lack of interest!)

Defensive Driving - Thursdays 8 am to 3 pm - OR 60

Child & Infant CPR - 1 Day - OR 22

Courses


Enjoy driving in oman

Enjoy Driving in Oman

  • Personal Decision:

  • Safety of People Comes First

  • Anything else comes second

Seatbelts Save Lives

- Use Them!


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