European climate change programme legislative action fluorinated gases
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European Climate Change Programme: legislative action fluorinated gases. Phil Callaghan Europe a n Commission DG ENV.E.1. Overview. EU commitments under Kyoto Protocol European Climate Change Programme - consultation and implementation Proposal for legislation on fluorinated gases.

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European climate change programme legislative action fluorinated gases

European Climate Change Programme: legislative action fluorinated gases

Phil Callaghan

European Commission

DG ENV.E.1


Overview

Overview

  • EU commitments under Kyoto Protocol

  • European Climate Change Programme - consultation and implementation

  • Proposal for legislation on fluorinated gases


Kyoto commitments

Kyoto commitments

  • EU has legally-binding target to reduce greenhouse gases by 8% below 1990 levels by 2008-2012

  • Member States have national legally-binding targets: some have cuts, some freeze emissions and some can increase emissions

  • Spain can increase emissions 15%


Ec progress 2000 total emissions

EC progress 2000:total emissions


Ec progress 2000 member states

EC progress 2000:member states


Projected progress 2012

Projected Progress: 2012

  • Without additional measures at Community and Member State level greenhouse gas emissions will increase by about 1% (on 1990 levels), instead of declining by 8%

  • Which is why the Commission launched the European Climate Change Programme in 2000


European climate change programme eccp

European Climate Change Programme(ECCP)

  • Objective: how to reach -8% target (340 Mt CO2 eq) cost-effectively?

  • Multi-stakeholder process: working groups with Member States, industry and NGOs

  • The ECCP reports provide the basis for the Commission to develop legislative and other proposals


Eccp summary of results

ECCP: summary of results

  • Some 40 cost-effective policies and measures with an emission reduction potential of some 664 - 765 Mt CO2 eq (± twice EU target)

  • Overall costs for EU target in 2010:

    3.7 € bn / 0.06 % of EU GDP

    hypothesis : maximum cost - effectiveness

    (EU/MS)


Eccp reduction potential in 2010

ECCP: reduction potential in 2010


European climate change programme legislative action fluorinated gases

ECCP:implementation of first phase

  • Communication on the ECCP in October 2001 sets out the key measures for the implementation strategy

  • Includes proposal for legislative action on fluorinated gases


Eccp working group recommendations

ECCP: working group recommendations

  • clear statement on importance of reducing fluorinated gas emissions

  • regulatory framework to improve containment and monitoring of fluorinated gases

  • promotion of appropriate alternative technologies

  • improve knowledge of different technology choices


Fluorinated gases emissions

Fluorinated gases:emissions

  • Emissions about 65 million tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent in 1995 (2% of total emissions)

  • Forecast to increase to around 98 million tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent in 2010 (2-4% total emissions)

  • Increase explained by phase-out of ODS


Emissions by sector 2010

Emissions by sector 2010

  • Emissions increase 50% 1995 to 2010

  • Emissions will be 98MTCO2 eq. or 4% total EU GHG emissions 2010

  • Main sources of emissions:

    Industrial emissions = 14 MTCO2 eq. (IPPC)

    Refrigeration & a/c = 21 MTCO2 eq.

    Mobile a/c= 15 MTCO2 eq.

    Foams= 9 MTCO2 eq.

    Solvents= 8 MTCO2 eq.

    Aerosols= 5/7 MTCO2 eq.


Outline of commission proposal

Outline of Commission proposal

Commission proposal will address 3 aspects:

1. Containment

2. Data reporting

3. Use controls


Approach

Approach

  • Put in place cost-effective legislative framework across EU

  • Consistent policy for all economic enterprises

  • Workable and flexible to take account of national and sectoral circumstances

  • After considering all options have decided to promote separate new EC Regulation


Containment

Containment

  • Recovery - mandatory for most equipment

  • Recycling or destruction - mandatory

  • Disposable containers - banned except for medical and laboratory uses

  • Annual inspection for leakage - mandatory

  • Duty on users to minimise leakage

  • Minimum qualifications - set by MS


Data reporting

Data reporting

  • Data reported to Commission

  • Production

  • Imports

  • Exports

  • Uses


Use bans

Use bans

  • Early bans - based on ECCP report

  • Establish criteria for future bans

    - safety and health

    - cost-effectiveness

    - technical feasibility

  • Management Committee to consider future bans and derogations


Cost benefit analysis 1

Cost benefit analysis (1)

  • Containment Study - Enviros

  • Analysis based upon Netherlands Regulations (STEK) and further scenario based upon 2037/2000

  • EU + Member State + Sector level

  • Final report in November 2002

  • EC STEK = 15 MTCO2 eq./€24.5 TCO2 eq.in 2010


Cost benefit analysis 2

Cost benefit analysis(2)

  • Data Reporting and Use Bans Study - Ecofys

  • EU + Member State + Sector level

  • Interim report early September 2002

  • Final report November 2002

  • EC bans = 6 MTCO2 eq./€0 TCO2 eq. in 2010


Consultation and timetable

Consultation and timetable

  • Ongoing - working group continues to meet (May, June and September)

  • December - DG ENV begins to draft legislation and explanatory memorandum

  • Commission adopts proposal Spring 2003


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