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European Climate Change Programme: legislative action fluorinated gases. Phil Callaghan Europe a n Commission DG ENV.E.1. Overview. EU commitments under Kyoto Protocol European Climate Change Programme - consultation and implementation Proposal for legislation on fluorinated gases.

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european climate change programme legislative action fluorinated gases
European Climate Change Programme: legislative action fluorinated gases

Phil Callaghan

European Commission

DG ENV.E.1

overview
Overview
  • EU commitments under Kyoto Protocol
  • European Climate Change Programme - consultation and implementation
  • Proposal for legislation on fluorinated gases
kyoto commitments
Kyoto commitments
  • EU has legally-binding target to reduce greenhouse gases by 8% below 1990 levels by 2008-2012
  • Member States have national legally-binding targets: some have cuts, some freeze emissions and some can increase emissions
  • Spain can increase emissions 15%
projected progress 2012
Projected Progress: 2012
  • Without additional measures at Community and Member State level greenhouse gas emissions will increase by about 1% (on 1990 levels), instead of declining by 8%
  • Which is why the Commission launched the European Climate Change Programme in 2000
european climate change programme eccp
European Climate Change Programme(ECCP)
  • Objective: how to reach -8% target (340 Mt CO2 eq) cost-effectively?
  • Multi-stakeholder process: working groups with Member States, industry and NGOs
  • The ECCP reports provide the basis for the Commission to develop legislative and other proposals
eccp summary of results
ECCP: summary of results
  • Some 40 cost-effective policies and measures with an emission reduction potential of some 664 - 765 Mt CO2 eq (± twice EU target)
  • Overall costs for EU target in 2010:

3.7 € bn / 0.06 % of EU GDP

hypothesis : maximum cost - effectiveness

(EU/MS)

slide10
ECCP:implementation of first phase
  • Communication on the ECCP in October 2001 sets out the key measures for the implementation strategy
  • Includes proposal for legislative action on fluorinated gases
eccp working group recommendations
ECCP: working group recommendations
  • clear statement on importance of reducing fluorinated gas emissions
  • regulatory framework to improve containment and monitoring of fluorinated gases
  • promotion of appropriate alternative technologies
  • improve knowledge of different technology choices
fluorinated gases emissions
Fluorinated gases:emissions
  • Emissions about 65 million tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent in 1995 (2% of total emissions)
  • Forecast to increase to around 98 million tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent in 2010 (2-4% total emissions)
  • Increase explained by phase-out of ODS
emissions by sector 2010
Emissions by sector 2010
  • Emissions increase 50% 1995 to 2010
  • Emissions will be 98MTCO2 eq. or 4% total EU GHG emissions 2010
  • Main sources of emissions:

Industrial emissions = 14 MTCO2 eq. (IPPC)

Refrigeration & a/c = 21 MTCO2 eq.

Mobile a/c = 15 MTCO2 eq.

Foams = 9 MTCO2 eq.

Solvents = 8 MTCO2 eq.

Aerosols = 5/7 MTCO2 eq.

outline of commission proposal
Outline of Commission proposal

Commission proposal will address 3 aspects:

1. Containment

2. Data reporting

3. Use controls

approach
Approach
  • Put in place cost-effective legislative framework across EU
  • Consistent policy for all economic enterprises
  • Workable and flexible to take account of national and sectoral circumstances
  • After considering all options have decided to promote separate new EC Regulation
containment
Containment
  • Recovery - mandatory for most equipment
  • Recycling or destruction - mandatory
  • Disposable containers - banned except for medical and laboratory uses
  • Annual inspection for leakage - mandatory
  • Duty on users to minimise leakage
  • Minimum qualifications - set by MS
data reporting
Data reporting
  • Data reported to Commission
  • Production
  • Imports
  • Exports
  • Uses
use bans
Use bans
  • Early bans - based on ECCP report
  • Establish criteria for future bans

- safety and health

- cost-effectiveness

- technical feasibility

  • Management Committee to consider future bans and derogations
cost benefit analysis 1
Cost benefit analysis (1)
  • Containment Study - Enviros
  • Analysis based upon Netherlands Regulations (STEK) and further scenario based upon 2037/2000
  • EU + Member State + Sector level
  • Final report in November 2002
  • EC STEK = 15 MTCO2 eq./€24.5 TCO2 eq.in 2010
cost benefit analysis 2
Cost benefit analysis(2)
  • Data Reporting and Use Bans Study - Ecofys
  • EU + Member State + Sector level
  • Interim report early September 2002
  • Final report November 2002
  • EC bans = 6 MTCO2 eq./€0 TCO2 eq. in 2010
consultation and timetable
Consultation and timetable
  • Ongoing - working group continues to meet (May, June and September)
  • December - DG ENV begins to draft legislation and explanatory memorandum
  • Commission adopts proposal Spring 2003
ad